Philip Mills Arnold Papers, 1477-1981.
full text File Size: K bytes | 

All Series Level Scope and Content Notes

Scope and Contents Note

The Philip Mills Arnold Semeiology Collection, perhaps the most diverse and comprehensive of all the Washington University Libraries Special Collections, brings together a broad range of materials dealing with or exemplifying the nature and characteristics of communication. Placing particular emphasis on early printed materials that appeared at early stages of the development of interest in topics relevant to semeiology, the Arnold Collection had especially strong holdings in the fields of cryptography, artificial memory, decipherment of unknown languages, early development sin stenography, Braille, deaf and mute languages, and various forms of nonverbal communication.

Complementing the more than 2,000 volume in the Arnold book collection that forms the largest component of the Semiology Collection is a small, yet select, group of manuscripts and printed ephemera, including materials relating to cryptography, sign languages, telegraphy, accounting, paleography, mnemonics, philosophy, stenography, and other topics.

The sign languages section contains numerous single printed sheets from the nineteenth century depicting different systems for deaf-mute communication in many languages, probably published as teaching aids. The three items on telegraphy emphasize its use for the military, focusing on secretly communicating sensitive offers for maneuvers. Items included in the Accounting and Paleography sections demonstrate the variety of early forms of alternative numerological systems and alternative scripts, both of which indicate that communication is based on an ever-changing use of various signs.

An important work on mnemonics, Raymond Lull’s Ars demonstrativa et ars brevis , highlights this curious and frequently mystical system of logic, metaphysics, and the intricate workings of the communicating mind. Manuscripts depicting many of the thousands of separate languages of the world are also included in the collection, mostly relying on biblical texts to illustrate the complex nature of human communication. One other example of alternative means of communicating is a shorthand version of the Psalms.

Finally, included as an illustration of the early evaluation of printing, are 52 specimens of early typography, dating from 1477 to 1674. Taken as a whole, the manuscript collection reveals the interdisciplinary nature of semeiology and reflects the eclectic range of Arnold’s important collection.


Manuscript of a French translation of around 1650-1675, Neatly written on fine laid paper this text deals with the “Steganographia” of Abbot Trithemius which had been written around 1500 and printed in Lyons in 1531. It ends with a certification that it follows accepted doctrine, with the date of 1534 and a permit to print it stated to have been prepared in Salamanca, 1534. This may be fictitious or perhaps connected with the original text of Trithemius. One leaf of introduction seems to be missing. Otherwise in fine unflawed condition. Caramuel was a Spanish theologian (1606-1682). He had a varied career, serving Emperor Ferdinand III, Pope Alexander VII, and occupied some of the highest positions in the Cistercian concerns, with secret correspondences and means to communicate by hidden indications, the invocation of spirits, writing explained by code, etc.


Photocopy of Auto ms. from microfilm, unbound. Original held in Fabayan Collection, Library of Congress. Ciphers developed by an Italian captain for secret communication between princes and potentates. Includes keys to ciphers. Brief text in Italian translated into English and typed out opposite text.

Searching for as of 2005: June 2.


Bound Auto ms., with Auto inscriptions by J. Fitzwiliam (1684) and Thomas Smith (undated), Consists of alphabetical lists of abbreviations and codes to be used for Latin and Greek. Henry Spelman was knighted for his work on ecclesiastical and local history. An independent scholar, Spelman is best known for his work on the origins of English Common Law. This manuscript was designed to assist in decoding legal documents in Latin and Greek relating to the early history of law. First published as part I of Henrici Spelmanni Archaeologus , 1626, London, F. Beale, and reprinted in Glossarium, archaeologicum , 1664, London, Aliciam Warreb.


Auto notes. Note accompanying the mss. indicates that it was from a group of drawings from the granddaughter of Gen. Henry Clinton, probably ca. 1834.


Bound photocopy of Auto ms., in 2 unidentified hands, from microfilm with additional page tipped in noting missing pages and describing contents. Codex Vaticanus Reg. Lat. 1344, a gift to Philip M. Arnold from Pius XII Memorial Library, St. Louis University, Vatican Film Library Collection. Examples of ciphers and alchemical formulas. Apparently completed circa 1500. Trithemius, the Abbot of Sponheim, delineated here 55 different ciphers and described various ways of putting messages in codes. The alchemical formulas and strange terms and characters caused him to be suspected of withcraft. This manuscript by an important cryptographer supplements the 1721 printed edition included in the Arnold collection. First published as Steganographia: hoe est : Ars per occvltam scriptvram animi svi volvntatem absentibvs aperiendi certa , 1606, Frankfurt, M. Beckeri.

Searching for as of 2005: June 2.


Many are located in oversize.


Published in Strasbourg. Lithograph by E. Simon.

Located in oversize.


Published in Strasbourg. Lithograph by E. Simon.

Located in oversize.


Includes explanation of chart.

Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


For Magyar.

Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Bound Auto mss. Published in Constantinople. Text and tables describing language system for the mute. May be related to the work by Du Vignan listed on p. 4 of Part II of David Shulman, An Annotated Bibliography of Cryptography (New York: Garland Publishing, 1976). These broadsheets were probably used as instruction guides in 19th century European schools for the deaf and mute. They include guides for use in English, French, German, Hungarian, and Russian.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


From the K. K. Taubstummen Insitut in Vienna. Drawn and lithographed by Philipp Krippel.

Located in oversize.


Published in Vienna.

Located in oversize.


Drawn by J. Moherndl, lithographed by Ch. Fries, printed by J. Höfelichs.

Located in oversize.


Contains “The Silent Language by Motion of Hand.” Published in Edinburgh.


Located in oversize.


From the Taubstimmen Institut in Kamberg, Germany. Lithograph by E. Doerr. Published in Offenbach.

Located in oversize.


For Russian.

Located in oversize.


Auto note in pencil at bottom notes this is for German and Hungarian. Lithograph by R. Hendrick.

Located in oversize.


Printed announcement for commencement exercised at the Konigbaierische Taubstummen Insitut in Freyling.

Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Bound Auto ms. Codebook and journal detailing military telegraphic codes, how to use them, how they have been used, and how to improve them with examples of actual military communications.


Bound Auto ms. Bears bookplates of Earle of Munster, Col. Fritz Clarence, and the Order of the Garter. Describes author’s attempt to improve telegraphic communication at sea. Includes plans, diagrams, and charts. Published in Chatham, England.


Bound Auto ms. Bears the bookplate of Duke of Sussex. Dedicated in French to the Duke of Sussex. Teixeira was Lieutenant-Colonel in the Portuguese militia. Contains 2 transcriptions of 61 actual messages sent by military telegraph between December 8 and December 18, 1803. Text is intended to promote Teixeira’s method of transmitting official correspondence. Published in Lisbon.


Bound Auto ms. with printed title page. Theoretical and practical guide to the use of geometry. Includes basic propositions and theorems and demonstrates principles that can be applied to building, drafting, and painting.


Bound Auto ms. Guide to accounting, mathematics, and numerology, with numerous test problems demonstrated.


Bound Auto ms. Guide to accounting, using squares and cubes, algebraic equations, cryptography, geometry, measurements, and their practical use in bookkeeping, chart and graph making, and building construction.


Bound Auto ms. Purports to be Cicero’s correspondence with various people. P. M. Arnold, in letter dated Jan. 3, 1977, notes: “It appears to be in two or more hands, so it may have been copied from some book, but I have not tried to identify such a book. It is not complete, as a piece of paper is pasted over the heading of another chapter on the bottom of the last page. Of course, it may not have been finished by the person who wrote it. I thought it interesting mainly as an example of the handwriting of the period. The title page does not appear to be contemporaneous with the rest of the book, so the dating may be incorrect.”


Bound, printed. Printed samples of Palatino’s calligraphic work, including his Chauncery script. Palatino was know as the “calligrapher’s calligrapher,” and his work went thorugh numerous editions. These random samplings demonstrate how well known his work was, and the broad interest in his calligraphy as an example to emulate.


Bound Auto ms. Both volumes bear the bookplate of A. G. de Bruyn. Calligraphy samples using biblical tests, various alphabets, decrees, proverbial texts, musical scores, accounts, and a map. In Dutch, German, and English. Published in Amsterdam.

Volume I located in oversize.


Calligraphy samples texts of proverbial sayings, probably Turner’s own. Turner taught at Commercial and Mathematical School, Barnstable, England (May 27-31, 1836). Sewn Auto ms., 7 pp., (Mid-summer 1835). Sewn Auto ms., 9 pp., (Nov. 14-28, 1838). Sewn Auto ms., 14 pp.


Sewn Auto ms., 66 ½ leaves of vellum with bound booklet of 16 vellum leaves and 4 vellum leaves with crude notations in pencil. Written in Ge’ez, a language related to Amharic. Prayer book, mostly involving prayers to St. Mary. In several unidentified hands.


Bound Auto ms. Two colophons, one on K6 (calendris februaris 1516) and one on M4 (February 10, 1516). Memory wheels, text figures on memory and mnemonics. Lull was born in Mallorca and was one of the most prolific writers of his time. He composed his texts in Arabic, Catalan, and Latin. The Ars demonstrativa (1282-1285) is a simplified version of his elaborate ideas on Art; it details a system he devised to be used both as a logic and as a metaphysic. He was unique in ascribing letters instead of numbers to the symbolic elements in his syllogistic systems and for combining these with geometric figures. His work is based on the numerology of the 7 planets and the 12 signs of the Zodiac, divine symbols that influenced the elemental patterns of nature. The Ars brevis (1308) is a lesser, philosophical work. Lull was influenced by medieval Platonism and the Cabala, and in turn influenced the work of Giordorna Bruno and Pasqual. The Ars brevis was first published in Raymundi Lullii e Opera , 1609, Argentorati, Lazari Zetzneri, and the Ars demonstrativa was first published in Opera Omnia , Mainz, 1721-1742, as Vols. III and IV.


Bound Auto ms. Compilation of puzzles, word games, homonyms, and anagrams. Published in Pressburg.


Bound Auto ms. The Lord’s Prayer in Asian, European, and American languages. Each page illustrated, and each script done in stylized calligraphy.


Contains Chinese and Japanese characters.


Bound Auto ms., with pasted inserts from printed books. Pasted in single pages taken from Bibles printed in various languages, with descriptive Auto note opposite each one, and 3 printed charts and maps from the Society laid inside back cover. Auto note opposite title page, dated June 15, 1877, by William Major Paulk states in part that “the writing is in the hand of Mr. Stokes Dudley, formerly one of the District Secretaries of the B & F Bible Society.”


Bound Auto ms. Treatise on ancient Hebrew, Greek and Roman philology. P. M. Arnold notes “Very little of this is original. The chart on p. 98, and the two first groups of figure symbols on page 101 (given more fully on page 118) are copied from Pienio Valeriano ‘Hieroglyphica’, cap XXXVII.”


Bound Auto ms. Transcriptions of the Psalms in shorthand. Transcriber uses either the Rich or the Shelton Shorthand system.


Located in oversize.


Published by Anton Sorg in Augsburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Hans Otmar in Augusburg,

Located in oversize.


Published by Lebaldus Mayer in Dillingen.

Located in oversize.


Published by J. Hartmann in Frankfurt am Oder.

Located in oversize.


Published by Bonetus Locatellus in Venice.

Located in oversize.


Published by Georgius de Ruseonibus in Venice.

Located in oversize.


Published by Amatus Tavernerius in Antwerp.

Located in oversize.


Published by Haeredes Beuilaguae in Venice.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Petreius in Nuremburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by M. Sessa and P. di Rauani in Venice.

Located in oversize.


Published by Jodocus Badius Ascensius in Paris.

Located in oversize.


Published by Hans Kraff in Wittenberg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Daubmann in Königsberg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Jacobusgiveti in Lyon.

Located in oversize.


Published by I. J. Koelhoff in Cologne.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johan Quentals Erben and Gerwinus Calenius in Cologne.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Grüninger in Strassburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Cuneo Press, Inc. in Chicago, IL. 1456 original date, 1933 facsimile date.

Located in oversize.


Published by Junta in Venice.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Gruiniger in Strassburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Haro Alopecius in Cologne.

Located in oversize.


Published in Augsburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Crafft Myller in Strassburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by M. Godefrid, Hittorpiji in Cologne.

Located in oversize.


Published by Jakob Saccon in Lyon.

Located in oversize.


Published in Strassburg. Anti-Christ Drucker.

Located in oversize.


Published by Officina Forbeniana in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Michael Furter in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Mayer in Dillingen.

Located in oversize.


Published by Farbwerke Hoechst in Hoechst, Germany. Modern facsimile.

Located in oversize.


Published by Hans Cufft in Wittenberg.

Located in oversize.


Published by J. Sotar in Cologne.

Located in oversize.


Published by Anton Koberger in Nuremberg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Gruninger in Strassburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Theodor Rihel in Strassburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Theobaldus Paganus in Lyon.

Located in oversize.


Published by Christoph Endter in Nuremburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Hans Luft in Wittenberg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johannes Rubens and Alexander Benacius in Bologna.

Located in oversize.


Published by Balthasari Moreti in Antwerp.

Located in oversize.


Published by Henriepetri in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Henriepetri in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Henriepetri in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Henriepetri in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Michael Furter in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Scott in Strassburg.

Located in oversize.


Published by Peter Schmidt in Frankfurt am Main.

Located in oversize.


Published by Georg Raben in Frankfurt am Main.

Located in oversize.


Published by Junta in Venice.

Located in oversize.


Published by Johann Wolf in Zurich.

Located in oversize.


Published by Lorenzo Torrentius in Florence.

Located in oversize.


Published by Henriepetri in Basel.

Located in oversize.


Ephemera, hand-colored etching depicting Jesus on the cross, undated. Printed below picture “Consummatum Est,” It is finished. P. M. Arnold notes “I found this in an old book. I do not know if it is worth keeping as a piece of ephemera, but it looks to me as if it is quite old.”


Sewn typescript gathered into pamphlet. Typescript summary of a 132 pp. pamphlet from the series Italian Writers , by Count Grammaria Muzzuchelli. This text describes the origins of ballooning.


Bound Auto ms. Latin text contains legal decrees concerning various rights. Names have been inscribed later in text in gilt lettering. Published in Perugia.


Notes on the book. Two leaves laid in at page 129 and one leave laid in at page 161. From the library of Joseph Pelli, bearing his bookplate.


11 rolls of microfilm from Austria, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, the British Library, Hess. Landesbibliothek Fudla, Walfenbuttel, Württembergische landesbib - Stuttgart.


Purchased in 1970 from Gubelin.

Located in Special Collections reading room.


Produced by Gradko International Limited.

Includes drawer of barogram readings from 1993.

Located in Special Collections reading room.


Located in Special Collections reading room.


Located in Box 9.


Custom constructed in Hong Kong in 1974.

Located in Special Collections reading room.


Located in oversize.


Located in Box 10.


Located in Box 10.


Located in Box 9


Located in Special Collections Department Head's office.


Located in exhibition space.


Made by Kindersley.

Located in Box 10.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Located with Series XII. Realia, Box 10


Located with Series XII. Realia, Box 10


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Card catalogue records for Arnold's personal library.


Includes other professional information.


Arnold's thesis for a master of science degree in chemical engineering from Washington University.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Published in Kautschuk Und Gummi


Published in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, November 1937.


Published in World Petroleum, 1944. Co-written by Bradley Skinner.


Speech at the Arden House Industrial Research Conference.


Published in The Chemist, April 1971.


Published in The Oil and Gas Journal, July 7, 1945.


Published in C&EN Annual Review, 1950. Co-written by R.W. Thomas


Published in Chemical and Engineering News, Volume 32, 1954.


Speech from the PTC Research Institute Annual Conference, June 5-6, 1969.


Speech by Arnold before the Association of Patent Counsel.


Published in Harvard Business Review, July-August 1954 and Teknisk-Vetenskaplig Forskning, 1959.


Includes one photograph with William H. Danforth.


Six photographs of women and two of men.

Three are located in oversize and four are located with Series XII Realia, Box 9.


Located in oversize. Framed.


Arnold retired from Phillips Petroleum Company on January 13, 1976.


Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.


Labeled as six million volt electron tree.

Labeled in Special Collections reading room.


Located in oversize.


Located with Series XII. Realia., Box 9.


Contains more than 20,000 Marlex Polyethylene pellets.

Located in oversize.


Located in oversize.