Sarah v. Michael Halton
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St.Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

SarahSarah a free girl
Michael HaltonMichael Halton

Febry Term-1822

On the trial of this cause it was
proved on the part of the plaintiff that one WinnieWinnie mothe-
er of the said plaintiff was carried into the now state
of IllinoisIllinois between twenty and thirty years since by
the said defendant and her husband when and where
the said WinnieWinnie was by then in slavery during the
space of three or four years; that at the end of said
time of three or four years, the said PhebePhebe with
her said husband removed to the now state of
missouri carrying the said WinnieWinnie with them in
which lst mentioned place the said WinnieWinnie has
been held in slavery ever since such removal
and that said plaintiff was born after such res-
idence of the said WinnieWinnie in IllinoisIllinois as aforesaid
the Counsel for the defendant then required the court
to instruct the jury that a residence in the then
North west territory (now IllinoisIllinois) as above mentioned
did not render the said WinnieWinnie free under and
in virtue of the ordinance of Congress of the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven
for the government of the territory of the UnitedUnited States
StatesUnited States north west of the river OhioOhio-which instruction
the Court refused but charged the jury that