Samuel, a man of color vs. John Howdershell
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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, SS.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To any Judge, Justice of the Peace, or other Judicial Officer of the State ofIllinois IllinoisIllinois.
Greeting.

Know Ye, that we, in confidence of your prudence and fidelity, do, by these presents,
authorize you to cause to come before you, to be examined as witnesses in a cause depending
in our Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, in the State of MissouriMissouri, wherein Sam (of color) is
plaintiff, and JohnJohn Howdershell [ John HowdershellHowdeshell ] is
defendant, all
and every such person, and at such time and place, as shall be named to you for that purpose
by the said defendant his
Attorney or Agent. And we command you to examine all and every such person upon his
oath or solemn affirmation first made or taken before you, to testify the whole truth touching
his knowledge of any thing relating to the said matter in controversy between the said parties;
and that you do take such his examination and reduce the same into writing. When
you shall have so taken his examination, you are to cause the witness to sign the same, and
to that and each examination, at the foot thereof, you are to append your certificate, setting
forth the facts that the examination was subscribed and sworn to or affirmed by the witness,
and the day, as well as between what hour of the day, on which it was done, as also the
place of residence of the witness, if known to you. Should any paper or exhibit be produced
or proven, or be referred to by the witness, you are to describe the same in his examination,
or cause it to be so marked by him, as to establish its identity, and attach the same
to his examination. The examinations thus taken you will cause to be accompanied by a
certificate of your official character, attested by the seal of State; or, should it be more convenient,
such authentication and proof of your official character may be made by the certificate
and seal of the clerk of any court of record of any county of the State, District or Territory
in which you reside, stating also, in addition to the facts of his being clerk and that the
court is one of record, that, at the time when the depositions were taken, you were an acting
judge, (or other such officer to whom this commission is addressed,) and duly commissioned as
such. And you will return the same and all exhibits produced to you, annexed hereto, carefully
cloesd up and under your seal, directed to the Clerk of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court in and for the
county of St. LouisSt Louis, MissouriMissouri, with the names of the said parties litigant endorsed thereon,
with all convenient speed.

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Witness, John RulandJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court ,
at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, this twenty third day ofDecember in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty four

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland Clerk C. C.