Pierre, a man of color v. Gabrial Chouteau
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Representatives of the People so to be summoned as aforesaid, to make, constitute and ordain Laws, Statutes and
Ordinances for the Public Peace, Welfare and good Government of our said Colonies and of the People and
Inhabitants thereof as near as may be to the Laws of EnglandEngland and under such Regulations and Restrictions
as are used in other Colonies, And in the mean time and until such assemblies can be called as aforesaid
all persons inhabiting in, or resorting to Our said Colonies may Confide in our Royal protection for the enjoyment of the
benefit of the Laws of our Realm of EnglandEngland, for which purpose We have given power under our Great Seal to
the Governors of our said Colonies respectively, to erect and Constitute with the advice of our said Councils respec-
=tively Courts of Judicature and Public Justice within our said Colonies for the hearing and determining all
causes as well criminal as civil according to Law and Equity and as near as may be agreeable to the Laws
of EnglandEngland, with liberty to all persons who may think themselves aggrieved by the sentence of Such Courts in all
Court cases to appeal under the usual limitations and instructions to Us in Our Council
We have also thought see with the advice of our Privy Council as aforesaid to give unto the Governors and Councils
of our said three New Colonies upon the Continent full power and authority to settle and agree with the Inha-
=bitants of our said New Colonies or to any other person who shall resort thereto for such lands, tenements and
hereditaments as are now or hereafter shall be in our power to dispose of and then to grant to any such
person or persons upon such terms and under such moderate quit rents, services and acknowledgements
as have been appointed and settled in other Colonies and under such other Conditions as shall appear to
Us to be necessary and expedient for the advantage of the Grantees and the improvement and settlement of our
said Colonies. And whereas We are desirous upon all occasions to testify our Royal sense and appro-
=bation of the conduct and bravery of the Officers and Soldiers of our Armies and to reward the same, We do
hereby command and empower our Governors of our said three New Colonies and other our Governors of our
several Provinces on the Continent of North AmericaAmerica to grant without fee or reward to such reduced officers
as have served in North AmericaAmerica during the late War and are actually residing there and shall personally
apply for the same the following quantities of land subject at the expiration of ten years to the same quit-rents
as other lands are subject to in the Province within which they are granted as also subject to the same
Conditions of Cultivation and improvement, viz.

To every PersonPerson having the rank of a Field Officer 5,000 Acres

To every CaptainCaptain .......... 3,000 Acres

To every Subaltern or Staff Officer..... 2,000 Acres

To every Non Commission Officer....... 200 Acres

To every Private Man.......... 50 Acres

We do likewise authorize and require the Governors and Commanders in Chief of all our said Colonies
upon the Continent of North AmericaAmerica to grant the like quantities of land and upon the same Conditions to
such reduced Officers of our Navy of like rank as served on board our Ships of War in North AmericaAmerica

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at the times of the reduction of Louisbourg and QuebecQuebec in the late War and who shall personally apply to our respective
Governors for such Grants. And whereas it is just and reasonable and essential to our interest and the
security of our Colonies that the several Nations or Tribes of Indians with whom We are connected and who live
under our protection should not be molested or disturbed in the possession of such parts of our Dominions and
TerritoriesTerritories as not having been Ceded to or purchased by us are reserved to them or any of them as their hunting
grounds We do therefore with the advice of our Privy Council declare it to be Our Royal will and Pleasure that no
Governor or Commander in Chief in any of our Colonies of QuebecQuebec, East FloridaFlorida or West FloridaFlorida do presume
upon any pretence whatever to grant Warrants of Survey or pass any Patents for lands beyond the bounds of
their respective Governments as described in their Commissions; as also that no Governor or Commander in
Chief of our other Colonies or Plantations in AmericaAmerica do presume for the present and until our further Pleasure
of survey or for any lands being heads or sources of any of
the Rivers which fall into the Atlantic Ocean from the West or North West or upon any lands whatever
which not having been ceded to or purchased by us as aforesaid, are reserved to the said Indians or any of them.
And We do further declare it to be our Royal will and pleasure for the present as aforesaid, to reserve under
our Sovereignty, protection and dominion for the use of the said Indians all the land and territories not
included within the limits of our said three, New Governments or within the limits of the Territory granted to
the Hudson's Bay Company as also all the land and TerritoriesTerritories lying to the Westward of the source of the Rivers
which fall into the Sea from the West and North West as aforesaid, And We do hereby strictly forbid on pain
of our displeasure all our loving subjects from making any purchases or settlements whatever or taking possession
of any of the lands above reserved without our special leave and licence for that purpose first obtained.

And We do further strictly enjoin and require all persons whatever who have either wilfully or inadvertently
seated themselves upon any lands within the Countries above described or upon any other lands which having
not been ceded to or purchased by Us are still reserved to the said Indians as aforesaid, forthwith to remove
themselves from such settlements. And Whereas great frauds and abuses have been committed in the
purchasing lands of the Indians to the great prejudice of our interests and to the great dissatisfaction of the said
Indians, in order therefore to prevent such irregularities for the future and to the End that the Indian's may be
convinced of our Justice and determined resolution to remove all reasonable Cause of discontent we do with
the advice of our Privy Council, strictly enjoin and require that no person do presume to make any purchase
from the said Indians of any lands reserved to the said Indians within those parts of our Colonies where
We have thought proper to allow settlement, but that if at any ttime any of the said Indians should be
inclined to dispose of the said lands, the same shall be purchased only for us, in our name at some Public
Meeting or assembly of the said Indians to be held for that purpose by the Governor or Commander in Chief of
our Colony respectively within which they shall lie; and in case they shall lie within the limits of any
proprietaries conformable to such directions and Instructions as We or they shall think proper to give
for that purpose; And We do by the advice of our Privy Council declare and enjoin that the Trade with the
said Indians shall be free and open to all our subjects whatever, provided that every person who may