Pierre, a man of color v. Gabrial Chouteau
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with the history of the introduction of slavery into AmericaAmerica.
In the Colonies owned by European powers on this Continent, the existence of slavery
was recognized by many enactments, but no legislative Memorial
has been discovered, which expressly authorized the subjection
of the African Race to bondage. The KingKing in Europe
possessing Colonies in AmericaAmerica, from motives of Cupidity,
supplied them with African Slaves, and this com
-merce of the Mother Country, was the foundation and the
right of the Colonists, to hold these slaves in servitude
Slavery seem, to have had no other origin in AmericaAmerica.
So ardently did the English nation engage in this commerce,
that it was persisted in although against the remonstrances
of a Colony into which the slaves were introduced.

EnglandEngland was delighted with the article of the treaty of
Utricht, by which she obtained the assiento or contract
for supplying the Spanish Colonies with negroes, which had
formerly been enjoyed by France. Spain, it seems, was
the first European Kingdom, to introduce negroes into
AmericaAmerica, with a view of relieving the Indians from
servitude. The territory of which this state composes
a part, has been subject to both the Kingdoms of
FranceFrance and of Spain, and our Courts take judicial
notice of the laws, which prevailed here under their
respective Governments. CanadaCanada, prior to the
treaty of by B. was a colony of FranceFrance. We know
that no law ever existed here, under the French and
Spanish Governments, which expresly authorized the
Slavery of Negroes, although such Slavery did in fact
exist. Nor has such a statute been found in any
of the British Colonies, although Slavery
existed in all of them. Seville vs, 1st
Con: LouisianaLouisiana Rep 367.- Robertson's History of
AmericaAmerica.- MargaretMargaret vsChouteauChouteau 3. Mo. Rep.

There was evidence conducing to
show that Slavery did in fact exist in CanadaCanada,
and if there was a law prohibiting it, by what
authority did the Court take Judicial notice of
that law?

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The Statute under which
PierrePierre sues, he being a negro requires that he should
prove his right of freedom. Then it would seem, that
it on him, to the law, forbiding negro
Slavery; for from the preseding account of the origin
of Slavery in AmericaAmerica a court would not he war-
ranted in saying that institution was illegal in
places where it actually existed for want of a law
expressly authorizing it.

As to the ground on which PierrePierre
bases his right to freedom, growing out of the fact of his
mother being held as a slave in the posts of the North
Western Territory Contrary to the Ordinance of 1787, which
prohibited Slavery within its Limits, we are of opinion
that the possession of those posts by British Subuects,
at the time of her detention at prevented the operation
of the ordinance within their limits and jurisdiction.
It is assumed that the Courts will take notice of the history
of the Country. Greenleafs Evidence - 7. Rep. 98. Hart vs Bodley. Treaties are apart of the Supreme law of
the land, and will be judicially noticed by our Courts.
In the definition treaty of ParisParis dated Sept. 3. 1783-
Great BritainBritain , stipulated to withdraw all her armies,
garrisons, and fleets, from the United StatesUnited States, and from
every post, place, and harbor, within the same. This
treaty was not fulfilled on the part of BritainBritain ,
She alledging as a justification of her conduct,
in this respect, a violation of other articles of the
treaty by the United StatesUnited States; this was contin-
ued between the two countries, until the 19 Novr. 1794,
when a treaty of Amity Commerce and navigation
was concluded between Great BritainBritain and the
United StatesUnited States. By the Second Article of this treaty Great
BritainBritain stipulated to with draw all her troops and
garrisons, from all posts and places within the
boundary lines, assigned by the treaty of peace
to the United StatesUnited States the evacuation to
take place on or before, the 1st of June 1796,