their property and affects in His Majesty's territories
in AmericaAmerica, into which they were required to [ imigrate ]
in British, owned by British subjects, and
having first obtained a licence from the Governor, or
Lieutenant Governor, of the Colony or Province for
that purpose. I do not consider this statute as
introducing slavery, or permitting its existence in
any part of this Colony, but in a very limited manner
to a particular description of persons only, and
under particular circumstances. The object
of the statute was to secure to immigrants the same
right over the property they brought with them
as they held by the laws of the Country from which
they came: this was necessary in regard of
negroes, as the British Parliament, aware that
no slavery existed in any of HisMajesty'sterritories
in North AmericaAmerica, thought it advisable to hold
out an to persons coming from Countries,
where slavery was authorized, by securing to them
the services of these slaves they brought with them,
so that it is through this limited channel only that
this slavery, for the few years it existed, can be
traced to any part of this Colony. The Statute
referred to, which it constitutes a particular exception,
recognizes the general rule that no Slavery existed
in HisMajestey's North American Colonies.
To Cross-question 10 - Is not the ProvinceProvince of Quebec ofProvince of Quebec QuebecProvince of Quebec mentioned in the
30th GeorgeGeorge III, chap 27, that portion of the British
dominions in AmericaAmerica now known as CanadaCanada,
with some modifications of boundary?
Answers - It is
To Cross - question 11 - Was not the province of QuebecQuebec divided
by Royal Proclamation in 1791 into two provinces,
called Upper CanadaCanada, and Lower CanadaCanada?
Answers, - It was.
To Cross-question 12-Are you aware of the passing of any law by
the Provincial Parliament of Upper CanadaCanada after
its into a separate province, recognizing the
institution of slavery, and providing for its general
Answers - There is an act of the Provincial Parliament of
Upper CanadaCanada of 33rd III, chapter 7, made for
the purpose of preventing the further introduction
of slaves into that province. This Act appears
to have reference solely to the slaves brought into
that Province, in which immigrants were encouraged to
Settle, under the British Statute 30 GeorgeGeorge III, cap.
27, and provides for the abolition of a slavery
which had so partially existed.
To Cross-question 13-Are you aware of any similar act passed
by the legislature of Lower CanadaCanada, and if such an act existed would you not have a knowledge
of the fact?
Answers - I have no knowledge of any similar act of the
Legislature in Lower CanadaCanada. Had such an act
existed, it is probable I should have known it.
There would not seem to have been any need of
such an act in Lower CanadaCanada, as slavery was never
known to exist there under any of the British
Government. The immigrants who brought slaves
with them under the British Statute 30 GeorgeGeorge III,
ch. 27, appear to have gone to Upper CanadaCanada, where
the means of settlement were principally provided.
To Cross-question 14-Were not the laws and Institutions of the
ProvinceProvince of Quebec ofProvince of Quebec QuebecProvince of Quebec common to Upper and Lower
CanadaCanada, up to the Separate of those
Provisions in 1791?