Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
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and who likewise obtained his freedom there by similar
decisions, are celebrated in the annals of French litigation;
the latter case, as already stated, is reported at
length in M. Gayot de Pitaval's Causes Celebres,
volume XV. These decisions were in affirmance of
the principle of freedom in the Kingdom of FranceFrance, and
of the exceptional character of those edictal enactements,
as applicable only to a particular class of persons,
and to particular colonial localities, namely negro
slaves belonging originally to the African and West-Indian
colonies alone.

From the foregoing, to which much additional authority
might be added, it is evident, - 1st that the public
law of the parent state did not recognize slavery in
Frances or its territorial dominious, but declared it
illegal; and it was, therefore, antagonistic to the local
law of her slave colonies in that respect;- 2ndly that the
same fundamental rights of the French people extended
through all the dominions of FranceFrance, tous les e'tats
du RoyaumeRoyaume , where her laws prevailed, without special
exceptions of particular places; and 3rdly that the
exceptional status of slavery was confined to those
slave colonies, colonies francoises de l'amerique meridionale
et de l'afrique, and to the Colony of LouisianaLouisiana,
above mentioned; and even for these required
no less authority for its establishment and recognition
than the positive, express legislative declaration of the Royal
WillWill .

Proceeding from FranceFrance to CanadaCanada the Colonial
archives shew the establishment by letters patent in
E.O.N. I. 37.
1663, of a sovereign or Superiour Council for the
colony, conseil souverain ou SuperieurSuperior Court de QuebecQuebec,
to whom were intrusted full administrative and

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judicial powers in the last resort, pour y juger souverainement
et en dernier ressort, subject only to the King's pleasure,
and according to the âLoix et ordonnances de Notre
Royaume, et y proceder autant qu'il sepourra en la forme
et maniere qui se pratique et se garde dans le ressort de
Notre Cour de Parlement de ParisParis." In the year 1674,
CanadaCanada became a Crown Colony, open to all the
King's subjects, the proprietary compagnie des Indes,
Occidentalis E.O.I.40.
Charles A TerrouxCharles A Terroux
to whom the KingKing had granted the Country in 1664,
having been broken up, and having abandoned their
charter in the former year. The effect resulting from
the establishment of the SuperiorSuperior Court Council, and the intoduction
of the laws and ordinances of the Kingdom,
and of the laws and usages of the Prevote de ParisParis was
to make these the laws of the Colony, and at the same
time to bring with them, for the benefit of the colonists,
those fundamental laws of FranceFrance, which regulated
the public rights of persons resident in, or being within
the precincts of, the Prevote de ParisParis in CanadaCanada. From
that time all persons coming in or brought into the Province,
becoming subject to the penalty of those laws, were
entitled to demand and to receive, the protection
affored by them, in the same manner as in a home
province of old FranceFrance, and especially WBin that of WB the Prevote de ParisParis

From the establishment of the SuperiorSuperior Court Council in
1663, no subsequently enacted or promulgated
legislation could have legal effect, or become operative,
in CanadaCanada, without its special adoption and registration
by the SuperiorSuperior Court Council, nor unless it was otherwise
found to be applicable to the state of the Colony.
The only public royal acts of FranceFrance which received
colonical registration since 1663, and in which any
reference is had to slaves, esclaves, were the following,