Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
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5. 9.

which I have selected in their Order of date, namely;
1st the neutrality treaty of November 1686, between
EnglandEngland and FranceFrance, with particular reference to
their respective American Colonies, by the tenth
article of which the Indian allies of either state,
and their slaves, were not to be removed or disturbed:
2nd the Royal grant of LouisianaLouisiana to Crozat in 1712;
Ib. 327.
which, by the 14th clause, authorized the grantee alone to
trade to Guinea for negros for the local purposes of the
Colony and the cultivation of his grant, and for their sale,
for local purposes only, by him to the Colonists alone, who
at the time numbered but twenty - eight families, composed,
according to Charleroix of âdes marchanda, des cabaretiens,,
et des ouviers, qui ne se fiscoient en aucun endroit.â
3rd the Royal grant of 1717, after Crozat's death, of
Ib. 377.
LouisianaLouisiana to the compagnie d'Occident, with similar
privileges of trading for negros: 4th the Royal declaration
of 1721, for terminating the legal conflicts arising from
Ib. 439.
the double appointments of tutors to minors in FranceFrance,
and also in the Colony; which, being an enactment of
general colonial requirement, applied as well to the free
as in the slave colonies. The general reason for this exactment
is stated to be, the conflicts in the tutorial appointments;
but in addition to that general reason, the KingKing
took advantage of it to regulate a local evil which was
growing in the slave colonies, namely the enfranchisement
of negros by their owners whilst the latter were
minors. The preamble mentions the evil with reference
to the negroes themselves, who, it is stated, âcomme
nous avons ete informe employes a la culture des terres,
C. A. T.
etant WB garde WB dans colonies comme des effects mobliliers
suivant les lois qui y pont etablies les mineurs abrisent
souvent du droit que l'emancipation leur donne de disposer
CharlesCharles A Terroux A TerrouxCharles A Terroux

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de leivs negres, et en ruinant par la les habitations
qui leur sont propres, font encore un prejudice considerable
a nos colonies, dont la principale ritilite
depend du travail des negres qui font valoir les terres, &c

The emancipation of the minor, referred to above, was
a power granted to him judicially, to trade, and to
manage his estate, as if he was of the full age of
French majority- twenty - five years. The fourth
article of this public act, therefore, specially prohibts
even the emancipated minor, until his twenty fifth
year, from disposing of his negrosâ qui servent a exploiter
leurs habitations.â the terms WB of this provision WB shewing this to be a
special provision applicable only to the French slave
islands:- 5th the Edict of October 1727; whereby the
foreign trade of the colonies is regulated, and in which
special provisions are necessarily enacted with regard
to negros landing or being on board of vessels touching
at, or trading with the colonies:- and lastly the arret of
July 1745, which, assimilating fugitive slaves from
foreign or enemies' colonies to wrecks on the coasts of the
Kingdom, appropriated them, or their proceeds, to the Royal
benefit. No other French public act, referring to slavery,
has been registered in the Colony: these will be found in
the first volume of the Edits, Ordonnances Royaux
Declarations et arrets du Counseil d'Etat du Roi
concernant le CanadaCanada, published, by authority, in
900 form, in 1854, and none of them introduced slavery
into, or recognized it in, French CanadaCanada.

Neither the edict of, 1685,or code noir of the French, West
Indian islands, nor the other exceptional enactments
above referred to, respecting negro slaves in FranceFrance, nor
even the edit of 1724, the LouisianaLouisiana Code Noir, were
registered, or offered for registration, in the superior Coun
-cil of QuebecQuebec; and they were, therefore, inoperative in
CanadaCanada. The Royal grants of 1712 and 1717,