Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
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6.

of LouisianaLouisiana, necessarily were so registered, because
LouisianaLouisiana was thereby separated from CanadaCanada, of which un
-til 1712, it formed a portion, â Hors le cas prévu par la loi
hors le pays mentiouné, qui est le seul object de la loi cel
esclavage cesse, en la liberté reprend tous ses drotis."

The consequence of the want of this provincial parliamen
-tary or Colonial registration is well explained in the follow
-ing remarks of the King's advocate procureur du Roi addres
-sed
to the judicial assessor of the Court before which the
trail of the St Domingo negro slave, Boucaux, was proceed-
ing,
and are in in full conformity with French law in that
respect. After remarking upon the specially exception
-al
character of the edicts of 1685 and 1716, he proceeds:"
ces deux édicts n'out nil l'un nil'autre été envoyé au Greffe
parlementdece siége: peut être que ce défaut deformalité attirera
votre attention, elque vous vous reglerez sur ce principe,
attention,
que la loi ne peut avoir d' execution ni d'effet que par sa
publicité; en ce cas, il n'en faudroit point davantage
pour reudre inutiles lous les raisiunerneus, et pour détruire
toutes les inductious que la partie de W. Dribard (c'esta-dire
la partie du Maitre) tire de ces Edits: par la meine raisoux
il n'en faudroit point davantage pour remethe celle de
W. Malles (vizt. celle dir nigne) dans le miane état que
les esclaves étrangers, à qui l'ou ne couteste point le
privilêge delaliberté daus toute l'étendue du RoyaumeRoyaume ,",â
(Causes Celèbres IV. 54). It must hence be mani-
-fest, that no public law of FranceFrance introduced, or establish
-ed, or reconized slavery in CanadaCanada, as a Colonial
status. To use a common form of expression, the Common
law of FranceFrance neither established nor protected slavery
in CanadaCanada:_ that conclusion is established by the fact, that
upon the Grant of LouisianaLouisiana to Crozat in 1712, and its formation
into a seprate colony, dissevered by the Royal letter patent
from the province of CanadaCanada, of which, till that separation is
had

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12.
had formed a part, the KingKing deemed it necessary exceptionally
and specially to provide, on the subject of slavery, in favour of the
grantee, Crozat, by giving him special permission to purchase
slaves in Guinea and sell them in LouisianaLouisiana; and afterwards,
in 1717, extended the same privileges to his succesors, the Com-
pagnie d'occident; and finally in 1727, by his Royal Edict of that
year, made a code Noir specially for that colony, whilst no such
legislation was ever contemplated for, or extended to CanadaCanada.
I refer particularly to the first Royal grant of Canda of April 1627.
to the Compagnée des Ceuts Associés, the Letters patent establishing
that Company, its articles of association, and the Varoius Royal and
public documents connected with that Company, including that of its
dissolution, the Second Royal grant of CanadaCanada, in May 1664, to the Com.
pagnie des Judes occidentale, the constitution and exection of this latter
company, with the special article of the grant in their favour of Ces Isles de
Camérique appellées les antilles, all of which are of record in the first
volume of the before cited Edits, Odounances Royaux Ra, and in which
neither slaves nor slavery are mentioned or can be implied. I have
seen in the possession of a Collector of old colonial records, a note or
extract how representations said to have been made from CanadaCanada to
the Home Government, upon the subject of the introduction of negroes
as contained in the offical letters of the GovernerGoverner de Denouirlle, and
the Mtendant de Champigruy, of the tenth of August, thrityfirst of October, and sixth of November 1688, to the secretary of state in Paris',
there are no means of verfying their correctness in this country, but
as connected with this subject, and bearing evidence of interest in the
Matter, I cite the extract, which is as follows" Moux de Lagnyécris _
Les geus de travailed les domestiques sout d'une rareti exherne,
eld'une cherté si extraordinaire, qu'il ruinent tous ceux qui font
quel que entreprise. On croit que le meilleut moyen seroit d'avoir
des esclaves [ néogres ]. Le Procureur Général du Couseil, qui està
ParisParis, assure, que si pa Majesté agreé cette proposition, quel qu'un des
Principaux halitants en ferout acheter aux isles à l'arrivéa de Vais=
seaux de Guneé, el il est lui mêine daus cette résolution.

The Secretarys answer in the following year, 1689,
was