Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
View original image: Page  163
[missing figure]

7. 13
was simply, that the KingKing made no particular
objection to the project, but suggested at the same time,
'il est bon de leur faire remarquer,, qu'il est à craindre
que ces nègroes qui viennent d'un climat si different
ne perissent en CanadaCanada, el le project servil iniutile."
This negro project remained without effect, and was
never put into execution; nor do I find how examination
of the provincial records, that any further representation
was made upon the matter.

A kind of servitude, however, had grown up in
the Colony from other causes. The prisoners taken in
war by their Indian captors, whose lives had been spared,
were, by force of Indian customs, reduced to servitude,
and called slaves, servi, less à serviendo quam ser.
-vando; a servitude, at all events, the result of captivity
in war, by which the Indian Masters secured to them=
selves the material advantage of their prisoners' service.
The Indian tributaries of FranceFrance soon became induced
to preserve their captures from other, but mere venal, motives.
The service market of CanadaCanada, at that period, as shewu
in the representations above extracted, and as we learn
from Charlevoix, was in great need of supply; and
hence the wants of the Colonists raised the cupidity of the
Indians, whose predatory excursions, far and near,
enabled them to supply the former and secure the latter.

The western tribes of Pawnees appear to have been
the great source from which their prisoners proceeded;
so much so indeed, that all the Indian servants
of the Colony became included under that general
appellation ( ParisParis). These captives were not
placed or sold in CanadaCanada alone, but were disposed of in
the slave holding Carolinas, and in the other British provinces, where no
slavery was established. (see the preamble to Ramoot'sBadgleyBadgley
Ordinance of 1709). Charles A TerrouxCharles A Terroux
Com Ju

View original image: Page  164
[missing figure]

C.A.T. 14.
p>In 1671, LWB negros WB slaves were first introduced into CarolinaCarolina ;
and already, at that time, the number in VirginiaVirginia amoun=
ted to two thousand (see Holmes's Ameriacan Annals);
so that negroes might be brought as captives into CanadaCanada
as well Pawnees ( ParisParis), and both became subjects of
sale and barter__whether legal or otherwise was not con=
sidered_,they were subjected to the law of le plus fort; and
the colonists, almost exclusively the residents of the towns,
benefitted by this enforced servitude, and converted them
into domestic servants. Even white persons from the
British colonies, taken by the Indians, were subjected
to the same treatment and consequence; and it suffices
to refer to the inhabitants of Deerfield, who were taken
by the French Indians and sold in CanadaCanada, from
which they were only redeemed on payment of ransom_
money. That a strong opinion prevailed against its
validity, and that arbitrary measures were needed to
secure a continuance of such useful service, and to
prevent the seduction therefrom of the purchased PanisPanis
and negroes, will be found in the terms of the preamble
of the Ordinance of the Interdant RandotRandot , of the thi=
teenth of April 1709, entitled. âOrdounance au sujet
des négroes, et des sauvages appellés ParisParis." (Edits
et Ordo: &ca, vol II. 271).

It must be observed, that this
Ordinance was the Acte of the Intendant alone, and
stands unsupported by the sanction of either the
foreignSuperiorSuperior Court Council in the Colony *in whose archives it
was not registered,
W BadgleyW Badgley
CharlesCharles A Terroux A TerrouxCharles A Terroux
Com: or of the
Crown in FranceFrance. Its premble plainly indicates
the reason of its Origin an promulgation, namely,
the opposition made to the traffic in, and the sale
and purchase of, Indian and negro captives, they
interference with the claims of their purchases for
their compulsory servitude,_ and the application
in CanadaCanada in their favour of the principal of
personal