Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
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8. 15.
personal freedom, extended by the public law of FranceFrance
to all prisons coming within its territorial dominions,
where slavery was not exceptionally established par la
loi de l'Ãtat, or by the positive enactment of the Royal will hence the purchased
servitude could not
be enforced, and the
purchased PanisPanis and
negroes, almost in every
instance, quitted the
service of their purchases
W BadgleyW Badgley
CharlesCharles A Terroux A TerrouxCharles A Terroux Com:


"Cequi Fait,, qu'ils quitent quasi toujours leus maitres,"

The legal references, above recorded, of the public
law of FranceFrance, of its operation and effect throughout the
French dominious, and of the fact of the local establish-
ment of slavery in her above-mentioned French slave-
colonies alone, only by means of the exceptional laws
above mentioned, must strongly qualify the concluding
portion of the preamble of the ordinance, in which the
Intendant, objecting to the attempts at interference
with the forced servitude, because the purchased negroes
and panis were told that they could not be retained in
servitude, and were entitled to freedom, "sous prétexte
qu'en FranceFrance il n'ya point d'esclaves," boldly asserts,"
"cequi ne se trouve pas toujous vai, par rapport
aux Colonies qui en dépendent, puisque dansles
Isles de ce continent tous les Nègroes que les habtous
achetent sout toujous regardès comme tets;_"
the Intendants deduction therefrom is a curious nou
sequitur_"et commes toutes les colonies doivent etre
regardeés sur le meime pied, et que les peuples de la
nation panis sout aussi nécessaries aux habitaus de
ce pays pour la culture destence et autres
qu'on pourroit enterprendre, comme les nègres le sout
aux Isles, et que même ces sortes d'engagemeuts sout
très utiles á cette Colonie, itant necessaire d'en
assuner la propriété a'ceux qui en out achetis et
quien acheterout à l'avenit: Nous, sous le bon
plaisir de la Majesté,Ordounous, que tous les PanisPanis
et Négres qui out été achetés et qui serout dans la
suïte, appartiendrouteu pleine propriété à ceux
qui

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16.
qui les achetés, comme étant leurs esclaves." It will be
observed, that the intendant himself refers to the slavery
of the Isles de l'amérique as being local in its nature, and
*furnishers in his
ordanance one,
and among many,
of the various arbitrary
and legally unjustifiable
acts for which his
official career in CanadaCanada was long noted among
the Colonists, and of
which traces are met
with in the traditionary
remarks and statements
handed down to this
time.
W BadgleyW Badgley
CharlesCharles A Terroux ACharles A Terroux Terrone
Com:

The enforcing authority of this Ordinance will not a
little depend upon the delegated power of its framer to make
a public law. The Royal commission invested him with
the legal functions of administering the law in all matters,
civil and criminal, "conformément à nos édits et ordon=
=nances, et àla coûtume de Notre boune ville, prévôté et
vicomté de ParisParis," in force in the Colony; and further, "de
faire avec le Conseil SuperieurSuperior Court tous les reglemens que
vous estimerez nécessaries pour la police générale du dit
pays, ensemble pour les fovies et marchés, ventes, achats,
et débits de toutes denreés et marchandises;" and, in case
of necessary despatch," nous vous dounous pouvoir
et faculté parces même presentes, de les faire seul, & ca."
Such delegation of Royal power might have justified
the enactment of a Police reglement, preventing inter=
=ference with service, and prohibiting "qui que ce soil de
les débaucher (les panis et Négres) sous peine de Cin-
quante luires d'amends," but could not thereby override
the public law of the state, which was repugnant to slavery,
and annul the maxims, usages and juurisprudence of
the Kingdom, or of the Prévôke de ParisParis, by which freedom
was maintained in French territory; nor introduce
into CanadaCanada by implication, uno afflatu, all the ex=
=ceptional legislation specially made for other particu=
lar Colonies; nor validate the slavery of the purchased
Indian from his having been a mere prisoner of war,
or of a Negro from the colour of his complexion.
Moveover, the intendant himself is constrained to
declare the doubtful character of his Ordinance in
as much as he promulgated it subjéct to the King's
confirmation