Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
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dans le cas ou tout autre esclave qu'un esclave négre
arrivera dans ce, Royaume. Par exemple, qu'un etran
ger, qu'un nègociant FrancoisFrancois , arrive dans ce RoyaumeRoyaume
avec des sauvages qu'il prètendra etre ses esclaves;
qu'un Espagnol, qu'un Anglois, vienne en
ce RoyaumeRoyaume avec des esclaves négres dèpendans dans
colonies de sa nation; voilá le cas dans le quel, parla
loi, par le privilege de la franchìse de ce RoyaumeRoyaume , la
chaine de l'esclavage se brisera, et la libertè sera acquise
á de pareils esclaves.â The King's advocate adopts this
opinion without hesitation, and thereupon claims for
Boucaux that liberty which was conceded to all foreign
slaves coming into the territories of the Kingdom, and
then concludes: âde nos maximes, de nos usages, de
notre jurisprudence, il suit necessairement, qu'il ne
peut y avoir d'esclaves dans ce RoyaumeRoyaume " (Causes
Celébres, vol XV).

I have desired to state at length and in the
language of the French jurisprudence itself, the grounds
upon which I have rested my opinion of the nullity
of Randot's Ordinance, which can derive no presumptive
support from the mere fact of the complexion of
the CanadianCanadian negro being the same as that of the West
Indian negro; a presumption which, however extravagant
and unfounded in itself, when applied
to the negro, cannot, in any manner, apply to the
PanisPanis Indian captive; nor simply from the
Intendant's assurance that the labour of the Parìs
or negro would be beneficial to CanadaCanada.

I have refrained from testing the validity of
Randot's Ordinance by modern notions and feelings,
but have confined myself to the established jurisprudence
of FranceFrance, which was law in CanadaCanada, and
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to its recorded Judgments, co-eval and co-incident with
the Ordinance itself; hence my professional conviction,
that neither slavery itself, nor the slavery of any purchased
PanisPanis or negro, would have been sustained in the appellate
tribunals of FranceFrance, notwithstanding the purchase
of the subject, or the existence of an abusive practice
arbitrarily attempted to be legalized by the Ordinance
of the Intendant RandotRandot .

It only remains to say a word upon the Ordonnance
of the Intendant Hoquart, of the first of September 1736,
which, in form, is not obnoxious to the nullities attachable
to that of that of Mr. RandotRandot . It is of a mere police character
WB intended WB as a preventitive to litigation, and preservative
of the subject of proof of a particular fact, & simply provides
for the legal ascertainment of a fixed mode of enfranchisement,
by a written proof of the fact, requiring
the [ acte ] to be established by writing authentically
executed before notaries public, functionaries to whose [ actes ] full faith and credence were given by Law, and verbal testimony
avoided thereby.
I need not add, that any other effect that might be
ascribed to this second Ordinance would be obnoxious
to the same nullities as were applied to
the former.

WW Badgley BadgleyW Badgley
Charles A TerrouxCharles A Terroux

The necessary deductions from the authorities
and facts stated, which hav been carefully considered
and supported by the references, in general
literally trancribed, are, that the public law of
FranceFrance did not allow or recognise the slavery of
negroes or other persons, either in FranceFrance or in French
CanadaCanada;- that the only law of local application
in CanadaCanada was a nullity:- and that though
a forced servitude de facto existed in the Colony,
it was an abusive servitude, servitude d'abus,
not sustained by any law having authoritative [ legal ]