Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Gabriel S. Chouteau
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property and civil rights,â- and in all causes thereafter to be
instituted in any of the Courts of Justice, with respect to such property
and rights, were to be determined agreeably to âthe laws and customs
of CanadaCanada;" but the act did not affect the personal rights
of Colonists, acquired under the proclamation and treaty.

Ninth: Were any municipal or other assessments or taxes raised or levied in CanadaCanada, for the expenses and purposes of Government, at the time of
the capitulation; - by what law or laws were they raised or levied,
and were slaves mentioned in any such law or laws as property ?

Answer: The Royal Edict of February 1748, which imposed assessments
I. 591.
or taxes upon a great variety of articles, does not make
mention of slaves. By the Code Noir of 1685, the West-Indian slaves
were expressly declared to be moveable property, Meubles; and so
also by the LouisianaLouisiana Code Noir of 1724; but these laws, in that
respect, were municipal, and not applicable to CanadaCanada. No
law of CanadaCanada, at any time, has brought the purchased Negroes and
PanisPanis within any such declaration, or converted them into
goods and Chattels.

Tenth: Since CanadaCanada came under the dominion of the British Crown or
Government, have negroes been permitted, in the Courts of Justice in
that Country to testify as witnesses in Civil and Criminal cases,
and have they been, and are they, Eligible to serve as Jurors, or to vote at
Elections? in fact, have they, by reason of their colour, laboured, or do
they labour, under any legal disabilities whatever, that white
men, in the same Country, did not, and do not, labour under?

Answer: Since the establishment of the British dominion in
CanadaCanada negroes have enjoyed the same Civil rights as other
natural born, or naturalized, subjects, of the Crown in the Colony,
without any disqualification whatever by reason of their complexion.

Eleventh: Was the subject of slavery ever brought under the consideration
of the Governor and Council of CanadaCanada, or ProvinceProvince of Quebec of QuebecProvince of Quebec,
before its division into Lower and Upper CanadaCanada, or under
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the consideration of either branch of the parliament of either Lower or
Upper CanadaCanada after that division, - and if so, how was it brought
under consideration, and what was the result?

Answer: No application was made, or attempted, to the Governor
and Council (the then Provincial Legislature) from 1764 to 1791; a
negative proof of its non-existence, during that time. It was
brought under the Notice of the Parliament of Lower CanadaCanada in the
several years 1793, 1799, 1800, and 1801; but the prevailing impression
in Lower CanadaCanada was so powerful against the belief in
the possible existence of slavery that no legislation was allowed
or had upon the subject. The bills introduced before the
House of Assembly were dropped; and no action whatever
was taken before the Legislative Council. Since 1801, no attempt
whatever at legislation upon the matter has been
made. I subjoin extracts from the proceedings of the lower
CanadaCanada Parliament, as officially reported in the Journals
of the House of Assembly for the years above mentioned, which
I have compared with the entries in those books, acknowledged
in this country to be authoritative. The Original Manuscript
Journals was destroyed at the burning of the parliament
buildings in MontrealMontreal in 1849. These parliamentary
proceedings only arose from the dread of the United States' slaves,
brought into the province after the Declaration of Independence, being
continued as slaves, and differing from the servitude in the French
time. In the second session of the first parliament of
Upper CanadaCanada, held in 1793, a provincial act, 33 GeorgeIII.
Chapter 7, was passed, "to prevent the further introduction of slaves,
and to limit the term of contracts for servitude within this
province, â which originated in the passing of the British statute
of 1790 30 GeorgeGeorge III, Chapter 27, for encouraging new settlers
in His Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in AmericaAmerica."
The British statute was unequivocally a mere emigration
act, declaring, in effect, the expediency of giving encouragement
to persons that were disposed, from among the resident
inhabitants of the United StatesUnited States generally, to come and
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