Gabriel, a man of color v. Michael Wiles
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GabrielGabriel of color Plaintiff
Michael WilesMichael Wiles Defendant

In the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
of Saint LouisSt Louis County
State of MissouriMissouriApril Term 1852

Plaintiff states that he is a free person of col
or and as such is entitled to his freedom for
the following reasons to wit

That in the spring of the year 1837 or thereabout
he, plaintiff, was the slave of Michael WilesMichael Wiles
the defendant in the state of MissouriMissouri,
and that the said defendant did about the time
before mentioned remove and carry with him
from the state of MissouriMissouri to the then Ter
ritory of CaliforniaCalifornia the plaintiff, and that the
said defendant continued and resided in the said
Territory of CaliforniaCalifornia as a citizen or resident
thereof during the term of three months or more
during all of which time he, defendant, kept the
plaintiff with him and in his employ as his slave
Plaintiff further states that subsequent to his
aforesaid residence in CaliforniaCalifornia he defendant con
veyed plaintiff to the state of MissouriMissouri, and now
claims and holds him in slavery in the said State
and that be
fore and at the commencement of this suit
he was and still is a free person and that the de
fendant held and still holds him in slavery
Plaintiff claims that by the laws of CaliforniaCalifornia which
forbid slavery therein he became free by his residence
there, and is in consequence of such residence a free per
son and as such entitled to his freedom, and there
fore prays Judgement for his freedom against the
defendant and all others

GabrielGabriel of color

By his Attorney

James R Goff