Gabriel, a man of color v. Michael Wiles
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To the Hon Circuit CourtCircuit Court of Saint LouisSt Louis County StateMissouri
of MissouriMissouriNovember Term 1851

Your petitioner respectfully represents that he
is a free person of color, and as such, is entitled to
his freedom for the reasons herein after following to wit

That in the spring of the year 1850 your petitioner was the slave
of a man named Michael WilesMichael Wiles in the state of MissouriMissouri
and that the said Wiles did about the time before men
tioned, remove and carry with him from the state of Mis
souri to the Territory of CaliforniaCalifornia your petitioner, and
that the said Wiles continued and resided in the said
territory of CaliforniaCalifornia as a resident thereof during the term of three months or more all of which time he kept your
petitioner with him and in his employ as his slave.
Wherefore your petitioner
claims that the Territory of CaliforniaCalifornia being free territory
and by its law forbidding slavery therein, he became free
by his residence there, and is in consequence a free person
and as such entitled to his freedom.
Your petitioner
further states that he was by the said Wiles conveyed
to the state of MissouriMissouri subsequent to his residence in Cal
ifornia, and that he is now held and claimed as a slave
by the said Wiles in the state of MissouriMissouri. Your petitioner
also states that he is a poor person without any estate
and prays the Court for leave to sue for his freedom
as a poor person, in accordance with the statute in
such cases made and provided.

SignedGabrielGabriel his


of color