Thornton Kinney v. John F. Hatcher and Charles C. Bridges
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To Hon. Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton , Judge & - in vacation.

Your petitioner ThorntonThornton Kinney KinneyThornton Kinney , begs most respectfully to
represent unto your Honor, that he is about fortyseven 47 years of
age - that he was born in CharlottesvilleinAlbemarleCounty in the State ofState of Virginia
VirginiaState of Virginia - that his mother was a free woman namedAmyKinney, the
daughter of an Indian woman or one of Indian descent
who was also free.Petitioner'smother was born in Amelia County, VirginiaVirginia. Your Petitioner's father was a Slave, and
belonged to JohnsonJohnson the Celebrated VirginiaVirginiaLawyer
Your petitioner also states, that when a boy, he was indented an
apprenticeunderthelaws of VirginiaVirginia to J. J. Kennedy who was a Shoemaker and tanner
in the town of StauntonStaunton , County of Augusta and State ofState of Virginia VirginiaState of Virginia
The guardian of your Petitioner was SamuelSamuel Clark of the
said town of StauntonStaunton , and aranged the free papers of your
petitioner when he arrived at the age of twenty one years according to the laws of VirginiaVirginia
Your petitioner states, that his papers were either drawn up and
prepared by NicholasNicholas or Jefferson KinneyEsq. (not of any
kin to him, but of the family of KinneyKinney in Augusta County) or by
VincentVincent Page Esq. - all of whom were about the Court and
knew all about it. The papers were all fixed for him, and
only recorded in Court of Staunton, and handed to him, and
he kept them until the year about 1831 or 1832, when they were so
worn out, that he threw them away in the Colony of Liberia on the
Continent of AfricaAfrica, where he then was and where he then thought
he would continue during his life - The reason that induced him to go
to LiberiaLiberia , will be hereafter stated to your Honor.

Your Petitioner States, that after he reached the age of twenty one
years, when according to the laws of VirginiaVirginia he was free, he remained
in that State at and about StauntonStaunton for the space of about 3 or
four then worked, at WhiteWhite Supperaswaiterthen at the after
which he left VirginiaVirginia and went to OhioOhio &MichiganMichigan & then
to [ Louisvile ] in Ky, where he remainedgoingback & forth to New OrleansOrleans& St. LouisSt Louis
when he left those places, and went to LiberiaLiberia , where he
remained for about five years

While living in St. LouisSt Louis, about the year 1830 he became acquainted with the Rev Robert
Finley, who lived here, and was agent of the American Coloniza
tion Society, and by Rev.. Finley he was induced to go to the
Colony of Liberia & when he left St. LouisSt Louis for LiberiaLiberia , he paid
his own passage to New OrleansOrleans, where he embarked along
with other free persons of color going to LiberiaLiberia , in the ship
- He reached the Colony about the year 1831
and thought he should always remain there. It was during the
time he was there, which was about five years, that he threw

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away his free papers above referred to, which were so worn and muti
lated that no onecould decipher them, and he supposed be would no
longer need them. After having remained in LiberiaLiberia for about
five years, he fell disposed to return to the United StatesUnited States, and did
return onboard the ship Cipher, in the capacity of Cook & Steward
The said ship landed him at Salem MassachusettsMassachusetts, where he remained for
about two weeks then went to from there he shipped in the ship for Cuba as
Cook & Steward& from there in same ship went to New OrleansOrleans - there he
was paid off & he on Steam Boats to St LouisSt Louis
[ Louisvile ]&hasbeenresiding there with occasionalexceptionevery daysince.

In the year 1837, after getting back to the United StatesUnited States, he was on
Steam Boats running on the OhioOhio & MississippiMississippi, and while at the
City of Louisville in the State of KentuckyKentucky, he went before the
Clerk of the County Court of Jefferson County in that State, and
had a paper that was given to him by the [ Collonial ][ Sectay ]
of SierraLeone in AfricaAfrica, which was a permit ,
but which your petitioner thought it would be important for
him to keep, and which he supposed would be all sufficient at any
time to prove his freedom - After that paper was recorded at
LouisvilleLouisville, he, while engaged on Steam Boats running to New OrleansOrleans,
went before a Notary Public in the latter city, and had the
same registered and deposited in his office - which Notary gave
to him a Certified Copy thereof, which is dated TheMarch 1838,
and herewith produced to your Honor. After this, your petitioner
remained about New OrleansOrleans, and was engaged much on Steam
Boats up and down the OhioOhio & MississippiMississippirivers, as fireman,
Steward, Cabin boy & etc, first one ship and then another -
and has continued all the while up to the present year to
go on the upper and lower MississippiMississippi boats, and the OhioOhio
boats. He has been upon the DieVernon, the St. LouisSt Louis and
others. He was on the St. LouisSt Louis with CaptainCaptain GenceTaylorTaylor at
New OrleansOrleans, as late as the months of February&March last (1853).
as will appear by a permission granted to him to hop from
the St. LouisSt Louis on to the Shoreat New OrleansOrleans - which is herewith
presented to your Honor.

Petitioner States to yout Honor that within the last five years,
when he was engaged as SecondCook upon the BuenaVista, a
Steam Boat that ran to New OrleansOrleans, he was at this place,
for being here without lease, when he was taken before some
officer here, and he was discharged by paying hisfines all
which he can prove, if permitted to get witnesses. Your Petitioner
also states, that within the last five years, while he