Jeffrie vs. Joseph Robdoun
View original image: Page  001
[missing figure]

Le quatorze Septembre mil huit
Sik a it Baptisté Prancois
tarze de Mai dermier, fils de Maries-Louis
Eselave de FrancoisFrancois Derain. Parrein Godefroi
mulatre libre, mareine, CelesteCeleste mutatresse
libre qui ne Saventh Signer.

Copie Conforme a
l'original

D. Olivier
Miss

R.

View original image: Page  002
[missing figure]


of
R. of the
fathers of the Church

View original image: Page  003
[missing figure]
Jeffrie by his Next friend
RachaelRachael Camp
vs
JosephJoseph Robidous

RobertRobert Wash WashRobert Wash presents the petition
of JeffrieJeffrie praying that he may be permitted to institute a suit
against Joseph RobideauxJoseph Robideaux for establishing his right to freedom
and that he may be permitted to sue as a poor person
thereupon the court permit the said JeffrieJeffrie to sue as afore=
said and direct on action of assault and Battery and false
imprisonments to be brought in the name of the said JeffrieJeffrie
by his next friend RachaelRachael Camp against the said JosephJoseph Robideaux
RobideauxJoseph Robideaux and it is further ordered by the court that the
said defendant permit the said defendant permit the said
JeffrieJeffrie to have a reasonable liberty of attending his counsel and
the court when occasion may require it and that the said
petition shall not be taken or removed out of the juris
diction of this court or be subject to any severiety of treatment
an account of his application for freedom

A True Copy of the Rule

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux bill take notice of the above order

R WashR Wash

View original image: Page  004
[missing figure]

Served this notice on Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux by
reading it to him on the 20th June 1822
in town of St LouisSt Louis

John K. WalkerJohn K Walker
D. Shff

fees $ 50/100
View original image: Page  004
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie by his next
friend R Camp
vs
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

View original image: Page  005
[missing figure]

Jeffrey vs. Robideaux

137
195
265
297
342

View original image: Page  005
[missing figure]
No. 39

JeffrieJeffrie by his next Oct 1822

RachaelRachael Camp
vs.
JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
A B
F.. Imp

This is an action of Assault
& Battery & false imprisionment
to obtain the freedom
of the Pltff. - Let a Summary

AArchibald Gamble GambleArchibald Gamble

filedAugust, 5th 1822

A. GambleArchibald Gamble
Clerk

View original image: Page  005
[missing figure]

Executed this
writ by reading
& the
to the Defendant
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
on the 5th Augt 1829, in the Town
of St LouisSt Louis.

John K. WalkerJohn K Walker Shff


Shff $1.00
View original image: Page  006
[missing figure]

View original image: Page  007
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCircuit Court
Circuit CourtCircuit Court
October Term 1822

JeffrieJeffrie a Mulatto Boy by his next friend
RachaelRachael Camp & by Petter his attorney complains of Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux of a plea of
trespass. For that the said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux on the eighth day of October eighteen hundred & twenty six with force & arms made an
assault upon the said JeffrieJeffrie to wit at the county aforesaid and
then & there beat bruised and ill-treated him the JeffrieJeffrie inconsent
that his life was thereby then & there dispared of
And also for that the said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux on the eighth day of October eighteen hundred & twenty with force & arms &e made another
assault upon the said JeffrieJeffrie to wit at the county aforesaid and
then & there beat and bruised & ill-treated him the said JeffrieJeffrie and
then & there imprisoned him the said JeffrieJeffrie and kept & detained
him in prison then without any reasonable or probable cause
whatsoever for a long time to wit for the space two years then
next following, contrary to the laws & customs of this State aforesaid
and against the will of the said JeffrieJeffrie . And other wrongs to the
said JeffrieJeffrie the said JosephJoseph then & there did to the great damage of
the said JeffrieJeffrie and against the peace and dignity of the State
wherefore the said JeffrieJeffrie the is & hath
damage to the amount of $ 1,000 and therefor he by his
next friend aforesaid sues &c.

PeterPeter Attyof
for Pltff

View original image: Page  008
[missing figure]

The State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St LouisSct

To the Shriff of said County Greetings

The command you to summon Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
that he be and appear before the Judge of our CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court at the next Term thereof to be held at the Town
of St LouisSt Louis within and for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis on
the first Monday in October next then and there
to answer unto JeffrieJeffrie a mulatto boy by his next friend
RachaelRachael Camp of a plea of trespass to the damage
of the said plaintiff of one thousand dollars -
and have you then there this writ

[missing figure]

Witness Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble clerk
of our said county at office this
5th day of August 1822

Archebald GambleArchibald Gamble Clk

View original image: Page  009
[missing figure]
JosephJoseph Rodidouxadms
Jeffrei a mulatto boy

October Term 1822. And the said Robi
doux by his attornies comes and defends the wrong
and injury when &c. and says that at the time of the
committing of the said several supposed greivan
ces he the said JeffrieJeffrie was the slave of him.
the said RobidouxRobideaux and this he is ready to verify
wherefore he judgment if the said
JeffrieJeffrie ought to have or maintain his aforesaid
action thereof against him &c.

filed page 195
Book 3

Cozny
for deft..

View original image: Page  009
[missing figure]

And the said Plaintiff by his Attorney , for replication
of to the aforesaid plea of the said Defendant says
that he ought not to be bound or precluded from
having his aforesaid action thereof against the saud
Defendant because he says that at the of the
committing the aforesaid assault & Battery & False
Imprisonment he was not the slave of him the
said RobidouxRobideaux And this she said Plaintiff prays may be inquired of by the country
e&.

Petter
Atty for Plff

View original image: Page  010
[missing figure]
JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux adm.
& Plea
JeffrieJeffrie

Filed
Oct 29th 1822

A.GambleArchibald Gamble clerk

page 195 book 3
View original image: Page  011
[missing figure]
JeffrieJeffrie
vs
Jo.. Robidoux

Assault & Battery & Falseimprison
ment

Mr..H Cozen In as the Attorney for
the above defendant you will take that on Friday
the 18th. and at she office of . C Garrin with
City of St LouisCity of St Louis between the hours of 10 in the morning
and four in the afternoon of that day I shall to
take the deposition, of certain to be made in the
evidence or the trial of the aforesaid cause on the part of
the saidJeffrieJeffrie when & where you may attend

St LouisSt LouisJuly 15th. 1823

JpPettisPettis
Atty for Plff

View original image: Page  012
[missing figure]

Served this
by giving a
copy himself
. H.Cozing
for 15th July 1823

in S LouisS Louis

JnoWatson
Shff

Shff fee $ 50
View original image: Page  013
[missing figure]

The State Of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.

To The Sheriff Of St Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon AlexisAlexis C AmelinAmelin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay- he. be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 11th, day of October at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein JeffrieJeffrie plaintiff,
and Franceis RobidouxRobideaux defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff, and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 4th day of October in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  014
[missing figure]

Served on AlexisAlexis
C.AmelinAmelin on
the 7th Oct 1820

John R.Walker
Sheriff

by

ThomasThomas Caulk


Dep Sheriff

Sheriff fee $, 50
View original image: Page  014
[missing figure]

October Term 1823,

JeffrieJeffrie vs.
Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux


for
Alexeis CAmelinAmelin
for plff.

11th October
View original image: Page  015
[missing figure]

The State Of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County - Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Joseph V.Garrin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 31st day of October at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein Jeffries is plaintiff,
and Francis Robedoux defendant,
on the part of the Defendant and have you then there this writ,

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 16th day of October in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  016
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on Joseph V. GarrinOctober 16th 1823

JnJohn Simonds Jr .SimondsJohn Simonds Jr JrJohn Simonds Jr D.Shff

Service $ 0.50
View original image: Page  016
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
sf a
Francis Robedoux
for

Jos.V.Garrien

21st Oct 1823

for Defendant
View original image: Page  017
[missing figure]

St. Louis County
Circuit CourtCircuit Court
February Term 1823

JeffrieJeffrie a Mulatto Boy by RachelRachel
Camp his next friend who sues as a poor
person by PettisPettis their Attorney complains
of Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux of a plea of Trespass
for Assault & Battery & false imprisonment
For that the said Defendant heretofore
to unto on the first day of October in the year Eighteen Hundred & twenty at
St LouisSt Louis to wit at the county aforesaid
the said with force & arms did then & there
assault Beat and ill treat the said JeffrieJeffrie
and did then & there seize & lay hold of the
said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there imprisoned the
said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there kept & detained
him the said JeffrieJeffrie prison, against his ill & without any
reasonable or probable cause whatsoever
and still does detain & imprison the said
JeffrieJeffrie against his will & consent & other wrongs
to the said JeffrieJeffrie the said Defendant then & there did to the against the peace and dignity

View original image: Page  018
[missing figure]
of the State of MissouriMissouri & against to the great
damage of himof him the said JeffrieJeffrie
of one thousand dollars and therefore
he sues &c.

And for that the said Defendant theretofore
to writ on the day and year aforesaid at
the county aforesaid with force & arms did then & there assault
beat wound bruise & ill treat the said JeffrieJeffrie
& did then & there seize lay hold of & falsely imprison
him the said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there kept & detained
him the said JeffrieJeffrie in prison against his will & without any
probable cause or reasonable cause whatsoever
and still does at the county oforesaid detain
and imprison him the said JeffrieJeffrie , without
any provable or able cause whatsoever
and against the will and consent of him
the said JeffrieJeffrie and other wrongs to the said
JeffrieJeffrie then & their did to the damage of
the said JeffrieJeffrie of one thousand dollars
& against the peace & dignity of the state
of MissouriMissouri & therefore he sues &c.

PettisPettis

Atty for Pltff.

View original image: Page  019
[missing figure]

And also for that the said Defendant heretofore
to wit on the day and year last aforesaid
at the county aforesaid withforce & arms made
assault upon him the said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there
beat bruised wounded married and ill treated
him the said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there unlawfully
held detained and inprisoned him the said
JeffrieJeffrie against his will and with consent & without any legal cause whatsoever
& has ever since held detained and imprisoned
him the said JeffrieJeffrie & still does hold detain
and imprison him the said JeffrieJeffrie against his
will & consent & without any legal cause whatsoever
and other wrongs to the said JeffrieJeffrie the said Defen
dent the day and year last aforesaid
at the county aforesaid the then & there did
to the against the peace and dignify of the
State of MissouriMissouri & to the damage of the said
JeffrieJeffrie of one thousand dollars & therefore
he brought suit &c.

PettisPettis Atty

for Pliff
View original image: Page  020
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie vsRobidouxRobideaux

Action Assault
& Battery & false
imprisonment

PettisPettis for
Pltff

filed Oct 31st 1823

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble
Clerk

page 297 Book 3=
View original image: Page  021
[missing figure]

The State Of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County - Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Circuit

that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay they be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 4th day of November at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ,

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 31st day of Oct. in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  022
[missing figure]

Oct Term 1823

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux
for

John &
Lauriut
Oct

for Plff. Sept
4th November 1823
View original image: Page  022
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on J. Duroine & L. Langudoe
Nov 4th 1823

Jn SimondsJohn Simonds Jr JrJohn Simonds Jr D. Sff.

Service $ 1.00
View original image: Page  023
[missing figure]

The State Of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County - Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon AlexisAlexis C AmelinAmelin
that setting aside all manner of [ excse ] and delay he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the fourth day of February at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend is plaintiff,
and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ,

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 19th day of Dec. in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  024
[missing figure]

Executed on the 22nd Janury 1824
in St LouisSt Louis

JnJohn Walker WalkerJohn Walker
Shff

Shff fees $ .50 cts
View original image: Page  024
[missing figure]

February Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux
for

AlexisAlexis C AmelinAmelin

February 4th
for plff
View original image: Page  025
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon
Joseph VJoseph V Garmir
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the fourth day of February at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux defendant,
on the part of the defendant and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 19th day of Decm. in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  026
[missing figure]

Executed on
JosephJoseph V VJoseph V . Garmin
on the 26th Jany. 1824

JnoJohn Walker . WalkerJohn Walker
plff.

fees 50 cts
View original image: Page  026
[missing figure]

February Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux

for XJV Garmir

Feb. 4th for Deft
View original image: Page  027
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon
John Deroin X
LaurutLanodinLanguedoe
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay they be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the Fourth day of Februarynext at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend is plaintiff,
and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 19th day of Decr. in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  028
[missing figure]

February Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux
for

Jno. Deronin &

Lauriut Lanander
LanguedoeFeb. 6th for plff
View original image: Page  028
[missing figure]

Executed on
John Derouin
on the februrary term 1824 - on Laurent
Lanaudeax sitt Lang=
=ndox
Feby 4th 1824

Jno Simmonds Dp. shff

Service $1.00
View original image: Page  029
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Provost
that setting aside all manner of excue and delay he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 4th day of February at the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said
court, wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and RobidouxRobideaux is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Wittnes, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 4th day of February, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty four

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  030
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux
for

X Provost

for
for
Plaintiff
View original image: Page  030
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on ProvostFeby. 6th 1826

J.H.WalkerShff

Service $ 0.50
View original image: Page  031
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Joseph V. GarnierJoseph V Garnier
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on theforthwithday of at the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said
court, wherein Jeffry is plaintiff,
and MenardRobidoux is defendant,
on the part of the and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our aid Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this Fourth day of February in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty four

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk C.C.
View original image: Page  032
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on Joseph VJoseph V .GarmierFeby 4th 1824 in
St. LouisSt Louis

JnoJohn Simonds Jr SimondsJohn Simonds Jr for D. Shff

Service $0.50
View original image: Page  032
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
Robidoux

Jos. V. Garmin

4th Feby
View original image: Page  033
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Joseph VJoseph V Garmien
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay he be and appear in proper peron before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 9th day of June at the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth so say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said
court, wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and JosRobidoux is defendant,
on the part of the Deft and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 16th day of March in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty four

A. GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  034
[missing figure]

St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
June Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
for

Joseph VJoseph V Garmin

for Deft. June 9th
View original image: Page  034
[missing figure]

Executed on
Jos V. Garmin
on 30th April 1824 in St LouisSt Louis

Jno KJohn K Walker .WalkerJohn K Walker
Shff

fees $ .50 cts
View original image: Page  035
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MisouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon AlexisAlexis C AmelinAmelin , Laurnt
Lanaudeer dit Languedoe Jno Derouin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay they be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 9th day of June at the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said
court, wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 16th day of March in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty four

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  036
[missing figure]

Executed on
John Dernuin
on the 4th June 1824 on L
Lanandin Dit
Langdeux. on
the 5th June 1824 an
on the 7th June

JnoJohn Walker . WalkerJohn Walker
Shff

fees -- $ 1,50
View original image: Page  036
[missing figure]

St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
June Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
Jos. Robidoux

for Alexis Edwards
X Laurent Sanandier dit
Languedoe
X Jno Derorien

for plaintiff

June 9th

View original image: Page  037
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MisouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County-Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon
SamuelSamuel D Lolowou
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the nineth day of June at the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said
court, wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this 7th day of June in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty four

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  038
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on Saml D. Solomon June 9th 1824

Jno. Simonds Jr D. Shff

Service $0.50
View original image: Page  038
[missing figure]

June Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie vs
RobidouxRobideaux

for
SamuelSamuel D Solomon

June 9th 1824

for plff
View original image: Page  039
[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St Louis County - Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon
J.B.Larpy
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay they be and appear in proper person before the Judge of
our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the ninth day of June at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then
and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said court,
wherein JeffrieJeffrie is plaintiff,
and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is defendant,
on the part of the defendant and have you then there this writ,

[missing figure]
Wittness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this Eighth day of June. in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty four

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  040
[missing figure]

Served this
writ on Jno B
Larpy on the
8th June 1824
This city of St LouisSt Louis

Jno. K. WalkerJohn K Walker
Shff

fees- $ .50 cts
View original image: Page  040
[missing figure]

June Term 1824

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux

for
J B Larpy

for Deft
June 9th
View original image: Page  041
[missing figure]

The State Of MissouriMissouri,
County Of St.LouisSt Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of said county - Greeting:

We command you to attach L Lananidair alais Languidoe
if he may be found within your bailiwick, and bring forth.
with before the judge of our circuit court, now sitting at the city of StSt Louis.
LouisSt Louis, within and for the county of St. LouisSt Louis, then there to answer
unto the State of MissouriMissouri, touching a certain contempt by him com- com
mitted, in not attending as a witness in a case of JeffrieJeffrie is
plaintiff, and Jos.Rodidoux
is defendant, on the part of the
after being legally summoned by the sheriff of the said
county, and have you then there this writ.

Witness A GambleArchibald Gamble clerk of our said court
at the city of St.LouisSt Louis, this 9th day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty four and of our independence the forty 7th

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clk

View original image: Page  042
[missing figure]
JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux

Executed this writ June 9th 1824
and have the Body
of said Langdeau in open
Court

J.K WalkerK Walker Shff

Service $1.00
View original image: Page  043
[missing figure]

To JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
Sir

You will please take notice that
in the case of JeffrieJeffrie who was by his next friend
RachaelRachael Camp against you in a plea of
Assault & BatteryTrespass and false imprisonment
the said JeffrieJeffrie by his Attorney has sued out a writ
of error to the SupremeSupreme Court CourtSupreme Court of this State for
the 3rd Judicial district to reverse the judgment
heretofore obtained by you against said JeffrieJeffrie as
aforesaid. The SupremeSupreme Court CourtSupreme Court to be holden on
the first Monday of November next

You are also notified that if you take
said JeffrieJeffrie out of the juridiction of the fourth
You will be held responsible on your recognizance
You will therefore not remove said JeffrieJeffrie at your
permit.

JeffrieJeffrie by his next
friend RCamp

for. Bays & Pattis
his Attys.

View original image: Page  044
[missing figure]

A copy of the within notice was served on Jos. Robidoux
August 10 1827

RR Simpson SimpsonR Simpson Shf

Service $.50
View original image: Page  044
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux

notice.

View original image: Page  045
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri
St Louis County Ss.

This day came before Mr RachaelRachael
Camp & on her oath says that

Jeffry now held as a slave by JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is
her grand son he the as raised by FrancisFrancis Duroin
& burn after the Americans took Possession of
that Parts of LouisianaLouisiana now called MissouriMissouri
in the year 1804 or 1805Jeffry was born in St LouisSt Louis & this has been Acquainted
with him from infancy

Sworn to before me
January 29th 1830

RachaelRachael Her X
Mark Camp


G A Brad Peace

View original image: Page  045
[missing figure]

affidavit of RachaelRachael Camp

filed 29th January 1830=

View original image: Page  046
[missing figure]

Jeffry
vs
Jos. Robidoux

Affidant filed
January 29th 1830

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clk

View original image: Page  047
[missing figure]
JeffrieJeffrie
vs
JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

Judgment in Saint LouisSt Louis in St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

The said JeffrieJeffrie by leave
of the court have first had and obtained
by GeorgeGeorge his attorney moves the court
to set aside the judgment in the above
cause, for irregularity, in this that it
affairs that the verdict was
upon on not regularly made up - because the
Plaintiff was at the time of the Feby
of the replication, and when the verdict
and judgement was rendered- an infant
under the age of 21 years and he did
not appear by Guardian or next given.
but by attorney. Also because there was
no guardian on next friend appointed
according to law for said
and said JeffrieJeffrie moves the court that
a will be made on said RobidouxRobideaux
to then cause why the said judgement

View original image: Page  048
[missing figure]

for the irregularities aforesaid and others
should not be set aside

Gegry for Plff

View original image: Page  048
[missing figure]

Reasons

filed
January 29th 1830

A.G. Clk

View original image: Page  049
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouriSct,

At a Circuit CourtCircuit Court begun and held at the City of SaintSt Louis
LouisSt Louiswithin and for the County of Saint LouisCounty of Saint Louis in the third Judicial Circuit
of the State of MissouriMissouri on the Fourth Monday of November being the twenty
third day of said month in the year of our Lord One thousand Eight Hundred and twenty nine were present the Honorable WilliamWilliam C CarrCarr Judge of the
third Judicial Circuit of the State of MissouriMissouri Hamilton Gamble Esquire
Circuit Attorney Robert SimpsonRobert Simpson Esquire Sheriff of the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
and Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

Court adjourned from time to time until Friday 29th January 1830
Friday 29th January 1830
Court met pursuant to adjournment present same Judge

View original image: Page  049
[missing figure]
Jeffrey vsJoseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

On motion of Mr GeyerGeyer he is permitted by the court
to appear as the attorney of the said Jeffrey and the
said attorney files the affidavit of RachelRachel Camp and afterwards
to wit; on the said twenty ninth day of January in the year and at the
term aforesaid on motion of Mr. GeyerGeyer attorney for the plaintiff it is
Ruled that said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux [ shew ] cause at the next term of
this court why the Judgement entered at the June term of this court
in the year one thousand Eight Hundred and twenty four against
said plaintiff should not be set aside for irregularity

View original image: Page  049
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

I Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis do certify that the above is a true copy
of the orders made in the case of Jeffrey vsJoseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux at the
November Term of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis in the
Year Eighteen hundred and twenty nine as the same now remains
in my office

[missing figure]

Given under my hand and the deal of the said
Circuit CourtCircuit Court at office this Thirteenth day of February Eighteen Hundred and Thirty

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

View original image: Page  050
[missing figure]

Second this notice or order of Court upon
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux by showing to him the
notice & further of reading the same, at the
City of St LouisCity of St LouisFeby 13th 1830

Fees 50 cts

R SimpsonR Simpson Shff

B. D. Cufen
Dept. Shff

View original image: Page  051
[missing figure]

Jeffry
vs
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

View original image: Page  052
[missing figure]
View original image: Page  053
[missing figure]

County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County.....Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon R Lionel at the Catholic
Church St. LouisSt Louis & RosalieLatripewife of John
Latripe
that setting aide all manner of excue and delay, he be and appear in proper person before
the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on theforthwithday of at the City ofCity of St Louis
St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now
pending in our said Court, wherein JosephJoseph Rbidoux is plaintiff,
and Jeffrey a man of color is defendant, on the
part of the Dft; and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, this first day of April in the year of our Lord one thouand eight hundred and thirty

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  054
[missing figure]

March Term 1830

JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
vs
Jeffrey

R. Loisel -
Rofaliee Laweze


forDft

View original image: Page  054
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on R Lionl and Rosalie
Latnse in St LouisSt LouisApril 1830 by reading
to them the

R Smifun Shff

View original image: Page  055
[missing figure]
Jeffreyvs
Ra bidoux

Suit for freedom to
aide the proceedings for the
following

1 Because the Record shows that thissuit
prosecuted by an Infants any Guardian
or nextfriend legally appointed

2 because it appears by the record that the
Replication to defendant pleas was by attorny
& not by guardian.

Where party may believed on motion Su Salk 98 264 - & letter as Mundall/ & Bap & Pal
427 - also Open him as HarrisonHarrison / Barr 20
Denton us Mop C Islmeson 29G opinion of Nammup
LodgealsosueRodgers vs Jenkins - 3 Easts 384
2 East 110 589 / Comyns Length 648 -

It is said because in Comyon/ 648 that an infants
in wighed to be come bail may be relieved from
a judgement obtained againsts him as such bail
by AuditaGurela and In the Case of Sisten
vs Mundall / Bop & Pul 427 the Courtsdetermine
" that it is the modern practice to interpose in a summary
- in all cases where the party would be
intilted too relief in an Lurla.

I believe the a have an thousand will show that
the proceeding ought to aside for irregulatory
the papers show that Jeffrey was an infants & this
courts is not to pronounce that he is now of age
Jeffries name was then used any legal
authority

View original image: Page  056
[missing figure]

and I have not been able to find our case in all
the books where the courts has refused to setaside
proceedings where they are founded on defenitive process
or where the name of the party has been used
without authority on Motion. I should
from this rule the case where a
attorney appears for his clients that authority
the courts have in some instanceslifts the party to
thus remedy against the attorney. Both in this case
by the decision complained of the plaintiff is
& can have no remedy - If he could
maintain a suits many could not
him for the loss of his freedom.

G A Bria for
Jeffrey

View original image: Page  056
[missing figure]

JefferyJeffery
vs
RobidouxRobideaux
Brief

View original image: Page  057
[missing figure]
Jeffrey
vsJosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

St LouisSt Louis Circuit

Bestremembered that an the rule to
show cause the Judgementsrendered
in this cause should not be set aside for irregularity. the
said RobidouxRobideaux showed for cause nothing but the
record & proceedings in said cause. the said
Jeffreyshowed that all the authority which
RachaelRachael Camp who prosecuted said scuts as his
Guardian or next friend has for so doing was
derived from an order of which the following
is a copy of here the order apparting
RachaelRachael Camp Guardian or foundRecordBook No 3.pg&37
(The said plaintiff also offered to prove that Said)
at the time of the of said
at and at the time of the condition of the conduct & judgement
he was an infantsunder the age of one
years namely that he was burn the fourteenth day of May 1806-The courts refused to hear
this , discharged the rule, and refused
to set aside said judgments for irregularity
to the business at the courts in refusing to hear
the offered as aforesaid in discharging
said rule and refusing to set aside said judge
--ments said Jeffryoftenders this Bill of
while is sealed & made
part of the record

WillWill C. CarrCarr

[missing figure]
[missing figure]
View original image: Page  058
[missing figure]

Jeffrey
vs
Robidoux

Bill of exceptions

Bill of exceptions

Filed 31st August 1830

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

View original image: Page  059
[missing figure]
JeffrieJeffrie
vs
RobidouxRobideaux

In

It appears by the record that in the
year 1822JeffrieJeffrie the plaintiff in error by RachelRachel
Camp his next friend by Robert WashRobert Wash Eqr. an at
torny at case presented his petition to the CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court of St. Louis County for have to sue as a poor per
-son for his freedom The leave was granted the suit was
instituted and the proceedings afterwards were carri-
ed on by Jeffrie & R Camp the next friend - by their
attorney a trial was had verdict and judgment
were against JeffrieJeffrie at a subsequent Term of
the Court Jaffrie maved the Court to Set aside the
judgment on the ground of the proceedings being
irregular and produced evidence to [ shew ] that at
the time the suit was instituted and judgments ren-
dered he was an infant under the age of twenty
one years the Court refused to set the proceedings
aside and the whole case is brought to this Court by a writ of Error

The points made by the plaintiff in error
are that the court erred in confusing to [ sot ] aside
the judgment for irregularity secondly that
the plaintiff appeared by a next friend and
by attorney in the court below so that if he were
an infant the appearance by an attorney is error
and thirdly that if the record does not show the
infancy of the plaintiff then the court must
take the truth to be that JeffrieJeffrie was an adult
and that an adult except in cases of coventure
cannot appear by a next friend.

On the first point it is not untirely clear that the court
should have set the proceedings asides for the irregu-
larity was occasioned by the act of the plaintiff or
by the act of some one who pretended to act for him
But on the second ground there is manifest error in
the judgment and proceedings

View original image: Page  060
[missing figure]

The law is that when an infant has cause of suit
the suit may be commenced by guardian or next friend previ-
ously appointed according to law and where none has been ap-
pointed them the guardianship or next friend may be made with-
out any other formality than the next friend acknowledging in
open court that he will act as such or the evidence may be
made by the acknowledgement being in writing and filed
with the declaration no such evidence exisits to in this case
there was therefore no lawful prochim any yet or did
in fact act. Now if it did appear that the plaintiff was
an infant which it does not it would be error to ap-
pear by an unauthorized person this person apprears by
attorney as well as by next friend this would also be
error if the plaintiff were an infant But so far as any thing
appears by the record We are bound to suppose that this per-
son was not an infant nothing appears by which we
could disting wish that this plaintiff was not of age any
more than in other Cases accepts by a subsequent affida
-vit in every case the court will take every plaintiff and
every defendant to be of full age till the point is made and
the evidence heard and though Judgment be wondered against
an infant it is good titlereserved In this Case them for all
the purposes for which the partys age is to be now consid-
er take the plaintiff to have been of full age at the time the
suit was commenced it was unlawful therefore for R
Camp to present herself as the next friend of this man in
the way she did no one has a right to bring a suit
or do the business of another so as to make his acts bind
-ing in law upon that other person without his or her Consent
It is urged by the Counsel for the defandant in error that
this was a proceeding under the statute which anthor as as
persons holden in slavery to sue as poor persons for free-
dom We have no doubt that the proceeding was of that
character The act of the legislature on that subject
provided that when any person holden in slavery shall
wish to prosecute his suit for freedom he or she shall
shall present a petition to the court for have to sue and
if the court shall be of opinion that the claim to

View original image: Page  061
[missing figure]

freedom is well founded that have shall be given to the pe
titioner to sue as a poor person and the court shall assign the
petitioner Counsel in this Case no Counsel was assigned But
is given to sue by his next friend R Camp It is assu
med that the plaintiff was an infant and that R Camp was
the next friend This act respecting suits for freedom leaves
the common law as it was before its passage as to the
rights of infants to sue If counsel has been appointed
in this Case still the question how shall an infant appear
would be the subject of Consideration If counsel had
been appointed in the Case and no pretended next friend
had interfered then there would have been a binding judg-
ment until reversed We cannot sue how this Judgment
can be supported it is perhapse both erroneous and ir-
regular irregularity is no cause of reversal until the
court below have actiol on the irregularity that has been
done in this case

The Judgment is reversed with costs and remanded
to the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for further proceedings

M McGirk

George Tompkins

Judge WashWash having been counsel in this cause
gave no opinion.
View original image: Page  061
[missing figure]
Jeffrey
vs
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

Saturday 30th April 1835

Error from St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
And now at this day come the
parties aforesaid by their respective attornies and the court
now here being sufficiently advised of and concerning
the premises consider that the judgment aforesaid in
form aforesaid by the said Circuit CourtCircuit Court be re-
versed and for nought held and esteemed and it is ordered
by the Court that the Cause be remanded to the said
Circuit CourtCircuit Court for further proceedings in the said Cause
in Conformity with the opinion of this Court deliv-
ered in this case and it is further considered by the
Court that the said Jeffrey recover of the said
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux his costs and charged by him about

View original image: Page  062
[missing figure]
the prosecution of his writ of error in this case ex-
pended and that he have thereof execution.

State of MissouriMissouri
3rd Inde. district
sat

I JosephJoseph C BrownBrown Clerk of the Supreme CourtSupreme Court
for the third Judicial district in the state of Mis-
souri do certify the foregoing is a true and full
copy of the opinion of the said court delivered in
the said case of Jeffrey vsJoseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux and
of the Judgment of the said Court rendered in the said case as they remain in my officer.

[missing figure]

In testimony whereof I have hereunto
set my hand and seal of Office at
Office this twenty eighth day of Octo ber in the year of our Lord one thou-sand eight hundred and thirty one

Jos. C BrownBrown Clerk

View original image: Page  062
[missing figure]

Jeffrey vsJoseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

Filed November 1st. 1831

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

View original image: Page  063
[missing figure]

County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct. State of MissouriMissouri,

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County---Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Langusdoc
FrancisFrancis Deraw of DeroinDeroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person before the
Judge of our Circuit [ Conrt ], on the fifteenth day of Decr at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now
pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffry, is
plaintiff, and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux defendant,
on the part of the pttf; and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said
Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this first day of Decm. in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  064
[missing figure]

Nov. Term 1831

Jeffry
vs
Josh Robidoux
for

Louis Languidoc

Jno Derouin

Jean Derouin 10

15th Decr. for the plff
View original image: Page  064
[missing figure]

Executed on Jean Derouin10 December 1831 not Executed on the balance for want
of a court

John K WalkerJohn K Walker
Shff

Service 50
View original image: Page  065
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri, County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.

To the Sheriff of Saint LouisSt Louis County---Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc - Francis Derouin - Jean Derown
that setting aside all manner of excue and delay, they be and appear in proper person before the
Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the Fifth day of April instant at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now
pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff; and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said
Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this Eighteenth day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk C. C.

View original image: Page  066
[missing figure]

March Term 1832

Jeffreyvs
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
for plff

Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

on 5th april
View original image: Page  066
[missing figure]

Louis Languedoc FrancoisFrancois Leeoinc & JeanJean Lerorence
not found

John K WalkerJohn K Walker Shff

3 - 37 1/2 cts
View original image: Page  067
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri, County Of St. LouisSt Louis-Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County-Greeting.

You Are Hereby Commanded To Summon
Robert WashRobert Wash and David SolomonDavid Solomon
that setting aside all manner of excue and delay, they be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the ninth day of April Instant at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of
controversy now pending in our said Court; wherein Jeffrey
is plaintiff, and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
is defendant, on the part of the plaintiff
and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness: Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court ,
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this seventh day ofApril in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two Clerk C.C.
View original image: Page  068
[missing figure]

March Term 1832

Jeffrey
v

Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
for plff

witnesses

Robert WashRobert Wash

David SolomonDavid Solomon

9th April
View original image: Page  068
[missing figure]

Robert WashRobert Wash & David SolomonDavid Solomon not from

John. K Walker Shff

2 25 cts
View original image: Page  069
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri, County Of St. LouisSt Louis-Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County-Greeting.

You Are Hereby Commanded To Summon Louis Languidoc - FrancisFrancis De Rouin
DeroinFrancis De Rouin - JeanJean Deroin DeroinJean Deroin - Robert WashRobert Wash & David SolomonDavid Solomon
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, They be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 31st day of July next at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of
controversy now pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and Joeph RobidouxRobideaux
is defendant, on the part of the plaintiff
and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness: Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court ,
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 29th day ofJune in the year of our Lod one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  070
[missing figure]

Served this writ on J Deroin
on 16th July 1832 on RobtRobert Wash WashRobert Wash
on the 23rd July 1832Louis
Languedoc & JeanJean Deroin DeroinJean Deroin writ
found

Jno. Walker Shff

Service 1.00 2 .25 $ 1.25
View original image: Page  070
[missing figure]

July Term 1832

Jeffrey
vs
JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
for plaintiff

Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin 16

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

Robert WashRobert Wash

David SolomonDavid Solomon

on 31st July
View original image: Page  071
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri, County Of St. LouisSt Louis-Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County-Greeting

You Are Hereby Commanded To Summon Louis Languedoc - Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin
Jean DeroinJean Deroin - Robert WashRobert Wash and DavidDavid Lolomon
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the Sixth day of December next at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of
controversy now pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is
defendant, on the part of the plaintiff
and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness: Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court ,
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this Seventh day ofNovember in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk C.C.
View original image: Page  072
[missing figure]

Executed this writ an Robert Walshon the15th day of November 1832 Louis LanguedocFrancisFrancis De Rouin
DeroinFrancis De Rouin JeanJean Deroin DeroinJean Deroin DavidDavid Solomon SolomonDavid Solomon not found
in my County November1832

Service $ 00.. 50
50
37 $1.37

John K WalkerJohn K Walker SheriffBy IssacIssac StoninD B
Louis Languedoc since found and summoned and the
26th November by reading the same to him in St. Louis
County J. F Walker Shff

View original image: Page  072
[missing figure]

November Term 1832

Jeffrey
vs
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
for plff

+ Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

Robert WashRobert Wash

David SolomonDavid Solomon

on 6th Decr.
View original image: Page  073
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County Of St. LouisSt Louis..Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Langudoc-FrancisFrancis De Rouin DeroinFrancis De Rouin JeanJean Deroin
DeroinJean Deroin -Robert WashRobert Wash and DavidDavid Solomon SolomonDavid Solomon
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person before the
Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 2nd day of April next
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say, in a certain matter of controversy
now pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and JosephJoseph Robideaux RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is
defendant, on the part of the plaintiff
and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness: Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the City ofCity of St Louis
St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 25th day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thiry three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  074
[missing figure]

Executed this writ by reading it to LouisLangue
doc 5th March Robert Walsh 1thmarch John Deroin
JeanJean Deroin Francis DeroinJean Deroin DavidDavid Solomon SolomonDavid Solomon not found
in my country March 5th 1833

Service $ 1.00
37 1/2 $ 1.37 1/2

John K WalkerJohn K Walker Sheriff

by J BrothertonJames Brotherton Dp

View original image: Page  074
[missing figure]

March Term 1833

Jeffrey
vs

Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

for the plaintiff

X Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

X Robert WashRobert Wash

David SolomonDavid Solomon

on 2nd April
View original image: Page  075
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County Of St. LouisSt Louis..Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc, Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin ,
Jean DeroinJean Deroin , RobertRobert Wash WashRobert Wash , DavidDavid Solomon SolomonDavid Solomon
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person before the
Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 26th day of July next
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to tesity and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy
now pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffrey by his next friend is
plaintiff, and Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
defendant, on the part of the plaintiff
and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness:Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the City ofCity of St Louis
St. LouisCity of St Louis, this thirteenth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  076
[missing figure]

July Term 1833

Jeffrey
vs

Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
for plaintiff

Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

Robert WashRobert Wash 12

David SolomonDavid Solomon

on 26 July
View original image: Page  076
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on R WashR Wash the 12th day of July 1833 in the county of St.Louis, Louis Langue
=doc
Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin JeanJean Deroin DeroinJean Deroin , DavidDavid Solomon SolomonDavid Solomon not found
in my county

Service 50

50

$1.00

John Walker Shff

View original image: Page  077
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County Of St. LouisSt Louis..Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc, Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin ,
Jean DeroinJean Deroin , Robert WashRobert Wash ,& David SolomonDavid Solomon
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person before the
Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 3rd day of
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to tesity and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy
now pending in our said Court, wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux is
defendant, on the part of the plaintiff
and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness: Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the City of
St. Louies, this 28th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  078
[missing figure]

November Term 1833

Jeffrey
vs

Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
for plff

Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

X Robert WashRobert Wash 14

David SolomonDavid Solomon

Dead on 3rd Decr
View original image: Page  078
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on RobtRobert Wash WashRobert Wash 14th November 1833in the St.Louis, County
Louis Languedoc
F & J Deroin not
found D.Solomon Dead

Service 50

John Walker Shff

View original image: Page  079
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Amable DeroinAmable Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, he be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on thefourthwith day of
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said Court,
wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is defendant, on the
part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. Louies, this sixteenth day of Decr in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty three

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  080
[missing figure]

AmableAmable Deroin DeroinAmable Deroin not found

John K WalkerJohn K Walker Shff

12 1/2
View original image: Page  080
[missing figure]

Jeffrey
vs
JoshRobidoux
for

AmableAmable Deroin DeroinAmable Deroin
forthwith for
Plf

View original image: Page  081
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County-Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc
Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin JeanJean Deroin DeroinDeroin Amable Rob Wash
David SolomonDavid Solomon AmableDeroin Amable DeroinJean Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , thirty first day ofJulyat the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to tesity and
the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said Court,
wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff, and
Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux is defendant, on the
part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 12th day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty four

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  082
[missing figure]

July Term 1834

JefferyJeffery vs

Jo Robidoux
for

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

Louis Languedoc

+ Robt WashRobert Wash 18

David SolomonDavid Solomon

Amable DeroinAmable Deroin

31st July
for
Plaintiff
View original image: Page  082
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on Robert WashRobert Wash the
8th day of July 1834by reading it to him in
the County of St.LouisCounty of St LouisFrancis DeroinFrancis De Rouin
Jean DeroinJean Deroin Louis LanguedocDavidDavid Solomon
SolomonDavid Solomon - Amable DeroinAmable Deroin not found in
my County

John K WalkerJohn K Walker Sheriff

by J Brown Dp

Service $1.12 1/2
View original image: Page  083
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc
Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin Jean DeroinJean Deroin RobtRobert Wash WashRobert Wash
DavidDavid Solomons Amable DeroinAmable Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the thirty first day ofMarchat the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and
the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said Court,
wherein Jeffrey by his next friend is plaintiff, and
Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux is defendant, on the
part of the and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 20th day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty four

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  084
[missing figure]

March Term 1834

Jeffrey vs

Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
for

Louis Languedoc dead

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

X Robt WashRobert Wash

X David SolomonDavid Solomon

Amable DeroinAmable Deroin

31st March
for
Plaintiff
View original image: Page  084
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on David SolomonDavid Solomon
14th on Robert WashRobert Wash 27th March
in the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis1834
Louis LanduedocFrancis DeroinFrancis De Rouin JeanJean Deroin
DeroinDeroin Amable AmableDeroin Amable DeroinJean Deroin not found in my
County

John K WalkerJohn K Walker Shff

by IsaacIsaac Stourds Dp

Service $1.00 4 50 $1.50
View original image: Page  085
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc
Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin Jean DeroinJean Deroin RobtRobert Wash
WashRobert Wash DavidDavid Solomons Amable DeroinAmable Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper
person before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , 27th day of Marchat the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to
testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in
our said Court, wherein Jeoffry a man of color
is plaintiff and FrancisFrancois Robideaux
RobidouxFrancois Robideaux is defendant on the part of
Plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 25th day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty five

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  086
[missing figure]


March Term 1835

Jeffry vs

Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
for

Louis Languedoc Dead

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin Dead

Robt WashRobert Wash 27

David SolomonDavid Solomon Dead

Amable DeroinAmable Deroin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

View original image: Page  086
[missing figure]

Executed this by Reading A Robert WashRobert Wash in the
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis on the 27th day of March1835 Louis LanguedocFrancis DeroinFrancis De Rouin dead
David SolomonDavid Solomon Amable DeroinAmable Deroin
and Jean DeroinJean Deroin not found in my County

J BrothertonJames Brotherton Shff

by M BrothertonM Brotherton Dept

Service $ 50 5 6 2 1/2 $112 1/2
View original image: Page  087
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Louis Languedoc Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin
Jean DeroinJean Deroin Robert WashRobert Wash DavidDavid Solomons Amable DeroinAmable Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the first day ofDecemberat the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to tesity and
the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said Court,
wherein Jeoffry is plaintiff and
Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux is defendant on the part of plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this Seventh day of Nov in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty four

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  088
[missing figure]

Executed this writ on Robert WashRobert Wash by reading
it to him on the 17th day of Nov 1834 in the County of St Louis, Louis Languedoc, FrancisFrancis De Rouin
DeroinFrancis De Rouin , JeanJean Deroin DeroinDeroin Amable , David SolomonDavid Solomon &
AmableDeroin Amable DeroinJean Deroin not found in my County

J Brothertan Shff

by G Hammand Dept

Service $ 50 5 62 1/2 $1.12 1/2
View original image: Page  088
[missing figure]

Nov Term 1834

JefferyJeffery vs

Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
for

Louis Languedoc

Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

X Robert WashRobert Wash 17

David Salomon

Amable DeroinAmable Deroin

1st Decrfor the
Plaintiff
View original image: Page  089
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Robert WashRobert Wash
Amable DeroinAmable Deroin Jean DeroinJean Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper
person before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 17thof Julyat the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then and there to
testify and
the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in
our said Court,
wherein Jeffry a man of color
is plaintiff and FrancisFrancois Robideaux RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
is defendant on the part of plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 15th day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty five

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  090
[missing figure]

July Term 1835

JefferyJeffery vs

Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
for

Robt WashRobert Wash

Amable DeroinAmable Deroin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

17th of Julyfor Plff
View original image: Page  090
[missing figure]

Executed this by Reading it to RobtRobert Wash
WashRobert Wash on the 1st day of July 1835 in
the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis, Amable DeroinAmable Deroin
and Jean DeroinJean Deroin not found in my
County

James BrothertonJames Brotherton Shff

by M BrothertonM Brotherton Dp shff

Service $ 50 25 $75 cts
View original image: Page  091
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri,
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,Sct.

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon Robert WashRobert Wash
Amable DeroinAmable Deroin Jean DeroinJean Deroin
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper
person before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the 13th day ofNovat the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to
tesify and
the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in
our said Court, wherein Jeffrey is
plaintiff and FrancisFrancois Robideaux RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
is defendant on the part of
plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

[missing figure]
Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 13th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty five

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk, C.C.
View original image: Page  092
[missing figure]

Executed this writ by reading it to RobertRobert Wash
WashRobert Wash on the 26th Nov 1835 in
the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis, Amable DeroinAmable Deroin and Jean DeroinJean Deroin
not found in my
County

Jm BrothertonBrotherton Shff

by G Hammend Depty

Service $ 50 cts 2 25 $75
View original image: Page  092
[missing figure]

Nov Term 1835

JefferyJeffery vs

Francis RobidouxFrancois Robideaux
for

Robert WashRobert Wash

Amable DeroinAmable Deroin

Jean DeroinJean Deroin

13th Novfor
plaintiff
View original image: Page  093
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri
Ss
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

Be it remembered that heretofore to wit at
a term of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the said County begun and held
at the then Town of St LouisSt Louis on the first Monday in June in the Year Eighteen hundred and Twenty two before the Honorable
NathanielNathaniel Beverly TuckerTucker Judge of the third Judicial Circuit of
the State of MissouriMissouri; the following, among other proceedings were
had to wit â"Friday June 14th 1822 = JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend Ra=
chael Camp = vs = Joseph RobidouJoseph Robideaux Robert WashRobert Wash presents the petition
of JeffrieJeffrie praying that he may be permitted to institute a suit against
Joseph RobidouJoseph Robideaux for establishing his right to freedom and that he may
be permitted to sue as a poor person = Thereupon the court permit the
said JeffrieJeffrie to sue as aforesaid and circut an action of assault &
Battery and false imprisonment to be brought in the name of the
said JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend RachelRachel Camp against the said
Order: Joseph RobidouJoseph Robideaux = And it is ordered by the Court that the said
defendant permit the said JeffrieJeffrie to have a reasonable liberty to
of attending his counsel and the court when occasion may require
it and that the said petitioner shall not be taken or remove
out of the jurisdiction of this court or be subject to any severity
of treatment on account of his application for freedom =â And
afterwards to wit on the fifth day of August in the said year (in ac
acordance with the above permission of the Court) the said JeffrieJeffrie
by his attorney filed, in the Office of the Clerk of the said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , his declaration in the words and figures following to wit=
Declaration = " State of MissouriMissouri = County of St Louis = Circuit Court, October Term
1822 = JeffrieJeffrie a mulatto boy by his next friend RachaelRachael Camp
and by PettisPettis his attorney, complains of Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux of a plea
of trespass = For that the said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux on the Eighth day of October eighteen hundred and twenty with force and arms
made an assault upon the said JeffrieJeffrie to wit as the county a=
foresaid and then and three beat bruised and ill=treated him
the said JeffrieJeffrie insomuch that his life was thereby then &
there dispaired of = And also for that the said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
on the on the Eighth day of October Eighteen hundred and twenty with force and arms &c made another assault

View original image: Page  094
[missing figure]
upon the said JeffrieJeffrie to with at the county aforesaid and then &
there imprisoned him the said JeffrieJeffrie bruised and ill-treated him
the said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there imprisoned him the said JeffrieJeffrie and
kept and detained him in prison there without any reasonable or
probable cause whatsoever, for a long time to wit for the space of
two years then next following - Contrary to the laws and customs of
this state aforesaid and against the will of the said JeffrieJeffrie and against
and other wrongs to the said JeffrieJeffrie the said JosephJoseph then and there
to the great damage of the said JeffrieJeffrie and against the peace and
dignity of the State, wherefore the said Jeffrie Saith he is injured
and hath sustained damage to the amount of $ 1,000 and therefore
he by his next friend aforsaid sues &c Pettes atty for Plff =â Where=
upon a summons issued from the office of the said Clerk in the
words & figures following to wit " County of St LouisCounty of St Louis = ss. The StateMissouri
of MissouriMissouri = To the Sheriff of said County Greeting = We command
you to summon Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux that he be and appear before
the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court at the next Term thereof to be held
at the Town of St LouisSt Louis within and for the county of St. LouisSt Louis on
the first Monday in October next then and there to answer unto
JeffrieJeffrie a mulato boy by his next friend RachaelRachael Camp of a
plea of trespass to the damage of the said plaintiff of one thousand
dollars and have you then there this writ Ls Witness ArchibaldArchibald Gamble
GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of our said Court at Office this 5th day of August 1822 = Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk" And the said writ was endorsed
Return with the following Sheriff Return viz âExecuted this writ by reading
it and the declaration to the defendant Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux on the
5th August 1822, in the Town of St LouisSt Louis = Jno K WalkerJohn K Walker D Shff"
And afterwards to wit on the twenty ninth day of October in the
said last mentioned year the following plea was filed in said
cause to wit = "Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux = adsm = Geoffroi a mulatto
boy October Term 1822 And the said RobidouxRobideaux by his attornies
comes and defends the wrong and injury when &c and says that at
the time of the commmitting of the said several supposed greivances
he the said JeffrieJeffrie was the slave of him the said Robidous
and this he is ready to verify wherefore he prays Judgment
if the said JeffrieJeffrie ought to have or maintain his aforesaid

View original image: Page  095
[missing figure]

wound, bruise & ill treat the said JeffrieJeffrie and did then and there
seize, lay hold of & falsely imprison him the said JeffrieJeffrie and
then and there kept & detained him the said JeffrieJeffrie in prison
against his will without any probable or reasonable cause what
soever and still does at the county aforesaid detain and impris-
on him the said JeffrieJeffrie without any probable or reasonable cause what
soever and still does at the county aforesaid detain and impris=
on him the said JeffrieJeffrie without any probable cause
whatsoever and against the will and consent of him the said
JeffrieJeffrie and other wrongs to the said JeffrieJeffrie then and there did
to the damage of the said PlaintiffJeffrieJeffrie of one thousand dol=
lars & against the peace & dignity of the state of MissouriMissouri
& therefore he sues &c - PettisPettis atty for Plff = And also for that
the said Defendant heretofore to wit on the day and year
last aforesaid at the county aforesaid with force and arms made a assault upon him the said JeffrieJeffrie and then & there
beat, bruised, wounded, maimed, and ill-treated him the said
JeffrieJeffrie and then & there unlawfully held, detained and im-
prisoned him the said JeffrieJeffrie against his will and consent &
without any legal cause whatsoever & has ever since held, detain
ed and imprisoned him the said JeffrieJeffrie & still does hold, detain
and imprison him the said JeffrieJeffrie against his will & consent &
without any legal cause whatsoever and other wrongs to
the said JeffrieJeffrie the said defendant on the day and year last
aforesaid at the county aforesaid then and there did against
the peace and dignity of the State of MissouriMissouri and to the
damage of the said JeffrieJeffrie of one thousand dollars & therefore
he brings suit &c PettisPettis Atty for Plffâ and afterwards to wit
on the fourth day of February in the year 1824 the following plea
was filed in said cause to wit = "JosephJoseph Robidous = adsm =
Jeffrey = And the said RobidouxRobideaux by his attornies comes and de-
fends the wrong and injury when &c and says that the said
Jeffrey ought not to have or maintain his aforesaid action
thereof against him the said RobidouxRobideaux because he says that
the said Jeffrey is his slave, without this that the said Jeffrey
at the time of the commencement of the said suit was a
free person and of this he the said RobidouxRobideaux puts himself upon
the country &c Shother & Coseuzâ - âAnd the said Plff by his attorney

View original image: Page  096
[missing figure]
action thereof against him &c StrotherStrother & Coseuz for deft-" and
on the same day and year the follow replication to the aforsaid
Replication plea was filed to wit = âAnd the said Plaintiff, by his attorney
for replication to the aforesaid plea of the said defendant says -
that he ought not to be barred or precludeds from having his
aforesaid action thereof against the said defendant because
he says that at the _ of the committing of the aforesaid assault
& Battery & False Imprisonment he was not the slave of him
the said RobidouxRobideaux - And this the said plaintiff says prays may
be inquired of by the country PettisPettis for Plffâ = And afterwards
to wit on the seventh day of October in the year eighteen hundred and twenty threethe fo in the said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , the following
further precedings were had to wit "JeffrieJeffrie -vs- FrancoisFrancois Robi-
doux On motion of the Defendant by his attorney leave is given
him to amend his pleadingsâ Whereupon in the year last aforesaid
last aforesaid & on the thirty first day of the said month of Oc-
tober the following amended declaration was filed music pro tune by consent in the office
Declaration = of the said Clerk to wit "St Louis County = Circuit CourtCircuit Court Febru-ary Term 1823 - JeffrieJeffrie a Mulatto Boy by RachelRachel Camp his next
friend who sues as a poor person by PettisPettis their attorney complains
of Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux of a plea of trespass for assault & Battery
& false imprisonment. For that the said Defendant heretofore
to wit on the first day of October in the year Eighteen hundred and twenty at St LouisSt Louis to wit at the county aforesaid with
force & arms did then and there assault beat and ill treat
the said JeffrieJeffrie and did then and there seize and lay hold of
the said JeffrieJeffrie and then and there imprisoned the said Jef-
frie and then & there kept and detained him the said JeffrieJeffrie
in prison against his will & without any reasonable or probable
cause whatsoever & still does detains & imprison the said
JeffrieJeffrie against his will & consent & other wrongs to the said
JeffrieJeffrie the said defendant then and there did against the
peace and degnity of the State of MissouriMissouri to the great
damage of him the said JeffrieJeffrie of one thousand dollars
and therefore he sues &c - And for that the said defendant
heretofore to wit on the day and year aforesaid at the County aforesaid with force and arms did then and there assault, beat

View original image: Page  097
[missing figure]

does the like - PettisPettis -" and afterwards to wit at the June
Term of our said Court to wit on Thursday the tenth of June in the year eighteen hundred and twenty four - the following proceed=
ings were had in said cause to wit "= JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend
RachaelRachael Camp = vs = Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux = Now at this day come
the parties aforesaid by their respective attornies aforesaid and
thereupon also come a Jury to wit = HughHugh Richards, John Magoon
George HGeorge H C Melody, John Hoffa, John Andrews, Paul M Gratcoil
Robinson Kelly, More, Francis M Johnson Louis C Benoit, Alfred SkinnerSkinner , twelve good and lawful men who being
duly elected tried and sworn tried and sworn well and truly to try the
issue within joined between the parties aforesaid upon their oaths a=
Verdict foresaid do say that the said JeffrieJeffrie is the slave of the said JosephJoseph Robideaux
RobidouxJoseph Robideaux without this that the said JeffrieJeffrie at the time of the com=
mencement of this suit was a free person = Therefore it is considered
that the said plaintiff take nothing by his said writ and that
the said defendant go thereof without day =.â And the said Cause
was continued from term to term until Friday the twenty ninth of January eighteen hundred and thirty When the following
further proceedings were had therein to wit âJeffry = vs = Jo=
seph RobidouxRobideaux = On motion of Mr GeyerGeyer he is permitted by
the court to appear as the attorney of the said Jeffry and the
said attorney files the affidavit of RachelRachel Camp" which
said affidavit is in the words and figures following to wit
Affidavit " State of MissouriMissouri = St Louis Louis County = ss = This day came
before me RachelRachel Camp & on her oath says that Jeffry now
held as a slave by Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux is her grand son, he was
raised by ThomasThomas Francis DeroinFrancis De Rouin and born after the Americans took
possession of that part of Louisianna now called MissouriMissouri in
the year 1804 or 1805 = Jeffry was born in St LouisSt Louis and this affidawit
has been well acquainted with him from his infancy RachelRachel
her X mark Camp, Sworn to before me January 29th 1830 = G A BirdG A Bird
J P.â and on the same day and year last aforesaid the following
motion to set aside the verdict & reasons therefore were filed to wit=

Mo: to set aside
Judgment
"JeffrieJeffrie vsRobidouxRobideaux = Judgment in St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court = The said
JeffrieJeffrie by leave of the court first had and obtained by GeyerGeyer his attorney
moves the court, to set aside the judgment in the above cause, for

View original image: Page  098
[missing figure]
irregularity in this that it appears that the verdict was rendered
upon an issue not regularly made up, because the Plaintiff was
at the time of the filing of the aplication and when the verdict
and judgment was rendered, an infant under the age of twen-
ty one years and he did not appear by Guardian or next friend but by
attorney â Also because there was no guardian or next friend appointed
according to Law for said Jeffry, and said JeffrieJeffrie moves the court
that a rule be made on said RobidouxRobideaux to show cause why the
said judgment for the irregularities aforesaid and others should not
be set aside GeyerGeyer for Plffâ = And on the same day and year the
Rule Following further proceeding were had in said cause to wit=" JeffrieJeffrie - vs -
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux - On Motion of MrGeyerGeyer attorney for the plaintiff it
is ruled that said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux show cause at the next term of this
court why the Judgment entered at the June term of this court in the age
one thousand Eight hundred and and twenty four against said Plaintiff
should not be set aside for irregularityâ And the following said Cause was
Notice to Notice to the defendant aforesaid accordingly issued to wit = " State of MisMissouri=
souri sct. A a Circuit CourtCircuit Court begun and held at the city of St LouisSt Louis within
and for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis in the third judicial Circuit of the State ofMissouri
MissouriMissouri on the fourth monday of November being the twenty third day of said mouth in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred & twenty nine, were present the Honorable WilliamWilliam C CarrCarr Judge
of the Third Judicial District Circuit of the State of MissouriMissouri, Hamil
ton GambleArchibald Gamble Esquire Circuit Attorney, Robert SimpsonRobert Simpson Esquire Sheriff of
the county of St LouisSt Louis & Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk = Court adjourned
from time to time until Friday 29th February 1830= Friday 29th Jan-uary 1830 = Court met pursuant to adjournment present same Judge
Jeffry = vs = Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux On motion of Mr GeyerGeyer his is permitted
by the court to appear as the attorney of the said Jeffry and the said
attorney files the affidavit of RachelRachel Camp and afterwards
to wit on the twenty ninth day of January in the year and at the
term aforesaid - "On motion of Mr GeyerGeyer attorney for the plaintiff
it is ruled that the said Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux show cause at the next
term of this court why the Judgment entered at the June Term of this
Court in the year one thousand Eight hundred and twenty four against
said Plaintiff should not be set aside for irregularily = State of

View original image: Page  099
[missing figure]

MissouriMissouri, County of St LouisCounty of St Louisss = I Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk
of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the county of St LouisSt Louis do certify that the
above is a true copy of the orders made in the case of Jeffry
vs - Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux at the November Term of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis in the year Eighteen hundred and twenty nine as the same now remains in my Office SS Given under
my hand and the seal of the said Circuit CourtCircuit Court at office this
Thirteenth day of February Eighteen hundred and thirtyArchibaldArchibald Gamble
GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk" = On which said Notice is endorsed the following return
Return to wit "Served this Notice or order of Court upon JosephJoseph Robi-
doux by shewing to him the notice & further by reading to him the
same, at the city of St LouisSt LouisFebruary 13# 1830 = R SimpsonR Simpson Sheriff
by D E Cyler Depty Shff" And afterwards to wit on Friday the
twenty seventh day of June Eighteen hundred and thirty the follow-
ing further proceedings were had in said Cause to wit âJeffrey
vs = Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux = On mature deliberation it is considered
by the court that the motion of the said Jeffrey to set aside
the Judgment heretofore rendered in this case be overruledâ =
To which decision of the court overruling said motion the Plaintiff by
his attorney & af excepted and file afterwards to wit on the thirty
first day of August in the year eighteen hundred and thirty filed his
Bill of Exception which is in the words and figures following to wit
Bill of Exceptions âJeffrey = vs = Robidoux St LouisSt Louis Circuit = Be it [ remember ] that on the
to show cause why the Judgment rendered in this cause should not be
set aside for irregularity the said RobidouxRobideaux showed for cause nothing but
the record and proceedings in said Cause = The said Jeffrey showed that all
the authority which RachaelRachael Camp who prosecuted said suit as his guard-
ian or next friend had for so doing was derived from an order of which
the following is a copy = JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend RachelRachel Camp = vs =
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux Robert WashRobert Wash presents the petition of JeffrieJeffrie
praying that he may be permitted to institute a suit against
Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux for establishing his right to freedom and that
he may be permitted to sue as a poor person = thereupon the court
permit the said JeffrieJeffrie to sue as aforesaid and direction action
of assault and Battery and false imprisonment to be brought
in the name of the said JeffrieJeffrie by his next friend RachaelRachael Camp
against the said JosephJoseph Robidous and it is orderd by the

View original image: Page  100
[missing figure]
Court that the said defendant permit the said JeffrieJeffrie to have a
reasonable liberty of attending his counsel and the court when
occasion may require it and that the said petitioner shall not be
taken or removed out of the Jurisdiction of this Court or be sub=
ject to any seventy of treatment on account of his application
for freedom = The said Plaintiff also offered to prove that at the time
of the commencement of said suit and at the time of the condition of
the verdict & judgment he was an infant under the age of twen=
ty one years, namely that he was born the fourteenth day of May 1806 = The Court refused to hear the evidence, discharged
the rule & refused to set aside said judgment for irregularity
To the decisions of the court in refusing to hear the evidence
offered as aforesaid in discharging said rule & refusing to set
aside said judgments said Jeffry excepts & tenders this Bill of
exceptions which is signed and sealed and made part of the
records WillWill C CarrCarr Seal
[missing figure]
And afterwards to wit on the
first day of November eighteen hundred and thirty one, was filed
in the Office of the Clerk of the Circuirt Court aforesaid, a transcript of the opinion
of the Supreme CourtSupreme Court in this case which is in the words and figures
Opinion Sup Court following to wit "JeffrieJeffrie = vs= Robidous = In Error = It appears by
the Record that in the year 1822JeffrieJeffrie the Plaintiff in Error by RachelRachel
Camp his next friend by Robert WashRobert Wash Esqr. An Attorney as law
presented his petition to the Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St Louis County for leave
to sue as a poor person for his freedom = The leave was granted, the suit
was instituted and the proceedings afterwards were carried on by
Jeffrie & R Camp the next friend by their attorney - a trial was had
verdict and judgment were against JeffrieJeffrie , at a subsequient Term
of the court JeffrieJeffrie moved the court to set aside the Judgment on
the ground of the proceedings being irregular and produced evi=
dence to show that at the time the suit was instituted & judgment
rendered he was an infant under the age of twenty one years, the
court refused to set the proceedings aside & the whole case is brought
to this court by a writ of Error = The points made by the plaintiff
in error are, that the court erred in refusing to set aside the Judgment for irregularity
Secondly that the plaintiff appeared by a next friend and by at=
torney in the court below do that if he were an infant the

View original image: Page  101
[missing figure]

appearance by an attorney is error, and thirdly that if the record
does not shew the infancy of the Plaintiff then the Court must
take the cour truth to be that JeffrieJeffrie was an adult and that an
adult except in cases of coverture cannot appear by a next friend
on the first point it is not entirely clear that the court should have
set the proceedings aside for the irregularity was occasioned by the
act of the plaintiff or by the act of some one who pretended to act for
him, but on the second ground there is manifest error in the judgment
and proceedings = The law is that when an infant has cause of suit
the suit may be commenced by guardian or next friend previous=
ly appointed according to Law & when none has been appointed then
the guardianship or next friend may be made without any other
formality then the next friend acknowledging in open court that
he will act as such, or the evidence may be made by the acknowl-
edgment being in writing and filed with the declaration, no such
evidence exists in this case, there was therefore no lawful pro-
clein any yet one did in fact act - exist= Now if it did appear that
the plaintiff was an infant which it does not it would be error
to appear by an unauthorized person = This person appears by
attorney as well as by next friend, this would also be error if
the plaintiff were an infant, But so far as any thing appears
by the record we are bound to suppose that this person was
not an infant â nothing appears by which we could distin-
guish that this plaintiff was not of age any more than in
other cases except by a subsequent affidavit â in every call
the Court will take every plaintiff and every defendant to
be of full age till the point is made and the evidence heard and
though Judgment be rendered against an infant it is good till
reverses = In this case then for all the purposes for which the
party's age is to be now considered we take the plaintiff to
have been of full age at the time the suit was commenced - It
was unlawful therefore for R Camp to present herself as the
next friend of this man in the way she did = no one has a
right to bring a suit or do the business of another so as to
make his acts binding in Law upon that other person without
his or her consent = It is urged by the counsel for the defendant
in error that this was a proceeding under the statue which

View original image: Page  102
[missing figure]
authorized persons holden in slavery to sue as poor persons for freedom
We have no doubt that the proceeding was of that character = The act of
the legislature on that subject provides that when any person holden
in slavery shall wish to prosecute his suit for freedom he or she
shall shall present a petition to the court for leave to sue and if
the court shall be of opinion that the claim to freedom is well
founded, that leave shall be given to the petitioner to sue as a poor
person and the Court shall assign the petitioner Counsel, in this
case no counsel was assigned, but leave is given to sue by his next
friend R Camp = It is assumed that the plaintiff was an infant
and that R Camp was the next friend = This act respecting suits
for freedom leaves the common law as it was before its passage
as to the rights of infants to sue*= *If counsel had been appointed in this case still the question how shall an infant appear would be the subject of consideration. If counsel had been appointed
in this case and no pretended next friend had interfered the
there would have been a binding judgment until coersed= We
cannot see how this Judgment can be supported it is perhaps
both erroneous & irregular- irregularity is no cause of reversal
until the Court below have acted on the irregularity_that has
been done in this case = The Judgment is reversed with costs and
remanded to the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for further proceedings= M McGerk
George Tompkins = Judge WashWash having been counsel in the cause
gave no opinion = Saturday 30th April 1835 Jeffrey = vs= Joseph Ro=
bidoux Error from St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court = And now at this day come
the parties aforesaid by their respective attornies and the court now here being sufficiently advised of and concerning the premises consider that
the Judgement aforesaid in form aforesaid by the said Circuit CourtCircuit Court ren=dered be reversed and for nought held and esteemed and it is or-
dered by the Court that the cause be remanded to the said Cir-
cuit Court for further proceedings in said Cause in conformity
with the opinion of this court delivered in this case, and it is
further considered by the court that the said Jeffrey recover of the
said JosephJoseph Robidous his costs and charges by him about the
prosecution of his writ of error in this case expended and that
he have thereof execution = State of MissouriMissouri Third Judicial
district J Joseph C BrownBrown Clerk of the Supreme CourtSupreme Court for
the third Judicial District in the State of MissouriMissouri do certify

View original image: Page  103
[missing figure]

the foregoing is a true and full copy of the opinion of the said
Court delivered in the said case of Jeffrey = vs = Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux
and of the Judgment of the said Court rendered in the said case
as they remain in my Office Ss In testimony whereof I have
hereunto set my hand and seal of office at Office this twenty Eighth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty one - Jos: C BrownBrown Clerk" = And the said cause was
continued from Term to Term & year to year until the July term
of the said Circuit CourtCircuit Court in the year eighteen hundred and thir-ty six when on the twenty seventh day of August during
said Term the following further proceedings were had = to wit = "JeffrieJeffrie
by his next friend RachaelRachael Camp = vs = Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux = The Judge
of this court having been of counsel in various Causes in this court in=
volving the same principles as those contested in this cause it
is ordered that the venue thereof be changed to the county of JeffersonJefferson
in the Judicial District Circuit of this State and that
the clerk of this court make out and transmit to the clerk of the
Circuit CourtCircuit Court for said county of JeffersonJefferson , a complete transcript
of the record and proceeding in said cause together with all the
original papers appertaining to and filed in the same â

State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louisss I John RulandJohn Ruland Clerk of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
in and for said County certify the foregoing to be a true and com-
plete transcript of the Record and proceedings in the case of JeffrieJeffrie
vs = Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux as the same now remain of Record in
my Office

[missing figure]

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set
my hand and affixed the seal of said court
as Office in the City of St LouisCity of St Louis this 1st day of July 1837

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

View original image: Page  104
[missing figure]

JeffrieJeffrie
vsJoseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

Filed Aug. 8th 1837

A P. Bates Clerk

View original image: Page  104
[missing figure]

Transcript $ 4.59
Certft & Seal .50
5.09
1.50
FeesJohn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court $ 6.59

View original image: Page  105
[missing figure]
Joseph RobedouxJoseph Robideaux
adm
JefferyJeffery

And the said RobidouxRobideaux by
his attorny concerned and defends
the wrong and injury when & C. and
says that the said JefferyJeffery ought not to have
or mantain his aforesaid action
therof against him the said Rob-
idoux because he says that the said
JefferyJeffery is his slave, without this that
the said JefferyJeffery at the time of the com
mencement of the said suit was a free
person and of this he the said Rob
idoux puts himself upon
the County &c.

Snother & Cozing

View original image: Page  105
[missing figure]

And the said Plff
by his Attorney does the

37

109

61

View original image: Page  106
[missing figure]

RobidouxRobideaux
adm
Jeffrey

filed February 4th 1824

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clk
Page 5/9 Book 3

View original image: Page  107
[missing figure]

No39 October Term 1822

JeffrieJeffrie
vs

Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

HuryL Bates Clerk
JeffersonJefferson Circuit CourtCircuit Court
For including this
eight-$ 4.62 1/2
transmitting 30 sides-3.00

Filed 24th Aug: 1837

John RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

View original image: Page  108
[missing figure]
View original image: Page  109
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri
County of JeffersonCounty of JeffersonSS

Be it rememberer that at the August
Term of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for said County of JeffersonCounty of Jefferson
to wit on Tuesday the eighth day of said month in the year eighteen hundred and thirtysecond
was filed in the Office of the Clerk of said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court the accompanying transcript of the record
and proceedings in the case of JeffrieJeffrie by his next
friend RachaelRachael Camp against Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux .
Commenced in the Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St Louis County
and there recovered on our order of change
of venue to the County of JeffersonCounty of Jefferson, and at the
said August Term of said Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the
the County of JeffersonCounty of Jefferson on the said eighth day of August in the year eighteen hundred and thirty seven the following order was made
in cause.

View original image: Page  109
[missing figure]
JeffrieJeffrie vsJoseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux

Change of Venue from St LouisSt Louis

It appearing to the court that
that the change of venue awarded in this cause
had been improperly granted it is ordered that
the same be remembered to the County of StCounty of St Louis
LouisCounty of St Louis.

View original image: Page  109
[missing figure]

State of MissouriMissouri
County of JeffersonCounty of JeffersonSct

I HenryHenry P Bates Clerk of
the Circuit CourtCircuit Court within and for the County ofCounty of Jefferson
JeffersonCounty of Jefferson aforesaid do herby Certyfy the foregoing

View original image: Page  110
[missing figure]
to be a true and complete transenpt of the
record and proceedings in the Case of JeffrieJeffrie
vs.Joseph RobidouxJoseph Robideaux as the same new remains
of record in my Office.

[missing figure]

In testimony where of I have
here unto set my hand and
affixed my Official Seal
at Henschel avenue this 21st day of August in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty seven

HenryHenry P. Bates Clerk