Israel/Israil, a man of color vs. William Rector, Issac Luther
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To the Honourable Alexander Stewart Judge of the circuit
court in the third Judicial circuit for the state of
MissouriMissouri,

Your petitioner[ IsraelIsreal ] a slave, upon each to your
honor that he belongs to and is under the control
of WilliamWilliam Rector who is a resident and citizen
of the state, and by whom authority and direction
he was removed to the state of IllinoisIllinois where he
remained & several months from term to term eighteteen months at
the special direction and under the authority of the
said Rector, his affairs and
his plantation situated in the said state of IllinoisIllinois
and your Petitioner further upon into that by his
frequent residence in the state aforesaid under the
direction and authority aforesaid, he became
entitled to his freedom under the laws of that
state, and your petitioner prays that if your
honor should be of opinion that this petition
contains sufficient matter to authorize the comment
of a suit by him the said [ IsraelIsreal ] for
his freedom, that you make an order that he
be permitted to sue as a poor person to establish
his freedom aforesaid, and assign him the said
petitioner counsel for that purpose.

IsrealIsrael

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Petiton of [ Ireal ]
to sue for his Freedom

filed Decr 3rd 1825

A. GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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To the Honourable Alexander Stewart Judge of the
Circirt Court within and for the county of St LouisSt Louis

The Petition of IsrealIsrael a man of color respectfully
upon to your honor that he has filed his petition and
and attained leave of your honor to commence
suit as a poor person for the purpose of obtaining
his freedom, he further that he is in the custody
of John H. Walker the sheriff of this county & restrained
from experiencing that liberty which the laws of his country
to him, that he is and advertised for
sale to satisfy several Executions in the hands of the
said sheriff against a certain WilliamWilliam Rector who
set up a pretended claim to your petitioner as his
slave, and that unless a special order is made by
your honour to have him and from confinement
he will be to be sold, and doomed to a
lasting and ignominiousslavery contrary to right
justice and the law of the Land, and that your
honor may be better advised of the grievances
aforsaid and make such order therein as you
may think must and proper, your petitioner prays
that you cause his body to be brought into court
by a word of HarlemCopan and death with accordingly

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IsrealIsrael his
mark.

Sworn to & Signed in
open court Dec 14th 1825

A. GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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Petition for
Habeas Corpus

IsraelIsrael

Dec 14 1825

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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, SCT.
State of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St Louis County....Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon
Augustus` H EvansH Evans for
WilliamWilliam Matthew
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, the be and appear in proper person before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court ,
on the 15th day of Decr at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to
say in a certain matter of controversy, now pending in our said court, whereinrespond to Habeas
Corpus obtained by plaintiffIsrealIsrael a man of color
defendant, on the part of the and have you there this writ.

Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the CityCity of St Louis
of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 14th day of Decr in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty five

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk, C. C.

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Subpoena
for
AugustusAugustus H EvansH Evans
M Moilburn.

To testify upon
return of Habeas
Corpus obtained
by IsrealIsrael
15th Decr 1825

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

In the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
March term 1826.

IsrealIsrael a free man of color held in slavery
who is permitted by the court to sue by AugustusAugustus H. EvansH Evans
his next friend as a poor person by his Attorney Shothen
assigned as counsel by the court, complains of WilliamWilliam
Rector of a plea of trespas. For that the said WilliamWilliam
heretofore towit, on the first day of october in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and twenty five with force and arm at the county of St LouisSt Louis aforesaid
am assault did make upon the body of the said
IsrealIsrael and then and there break, burned and illtreated
him the said IsrealIsrael , and then and there imprisoned
him the said plaintiff, and kept and detained
him in prison against his will, and without any
reasonable as probable cause whatever, and has
even since kept and detained him in prison con
trary to the laws of this state. And the said IsrealIsrael
overs that before and at the time of the com meetting
the grievance aforesaid he was and still is a free
person, and that the said Rector held and detained
him and still holds and detains in slavery. And
the said Rector other then and there did
to the said plaintiff against the peace of the
state. Wherefore the said plaintiff says he
is injured and has sustained damages to the
am amount of eight hundred dollers, and therefore
he sues &c.

T. Shothen
pro. que.

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The within named WilliamWilliam Rector is not to be found in my County neither
has he a Place of abode in my County known to me at which I could have
a copy of this writ and Declaration

March 11th 1826

John K. WalkerJohn K Walker Sheriff

Mon Est $0.50
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No.21 March term 1826

IsraelIsrael a man of color
vs nar.
WilliamWilliam Rector

This is an action of her trespass
Assault & Battery. false
imprisonment & damages
$800. The cleark will issue
a summons.

Shother.

Filed February 14th 1826

A. GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
The State of MissouriMissouri

To the Sheriff of said County
Greeting

We command you to Summon WilliamWilliam Rector
that he be and appear before the Judge of Our CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court at the next Term thereof to be held at the
City of S LouisS Louis within and for the county fo St LouisSt Louis
on the fourth Monday in March meet then and
there to answer unto IsrealIsrael a free man of color held
is slavery who is permitted by the court to sue by Au
gustus H EvansH Evans his real friend as a poor person of
a plea of trespas to the damage of said plain
tiff of Eight hundred dollars. And have you then there
this writ

Witness Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of
our said Court of office this 14th day of February 1826.

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clark

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Isaac A. Luther impladed
with WilliamWilliam Rector
ads
IsraelIsrael , a man of color

In the writ court, July Term 1826.

And the said IsaacIsaac , who has
him made a party, & impliaded with WilliamWilliam Rector
by the said IsraelIsrael , in his action, comes & defends this
wrong & injury when &I. and saith that he is in no
wise guilty of the said supposed several trespases in
the plantiffs declaration above alledged, and for plea
in this behalf, the said LutherLuther saith, that he became
the purchaser of the said IsraelIsrael , as a slave, at Sher
iffs sale, same term in the year Eighteen hundred &
twenty five, in the town of St. LouisSt Louis, who was sold, by the
Sheriff of said county of St LouisSt Louis, by virture of a writ
of Execution, against the WilliamWilliam Rector, as the slave
of the said Rector; that in business of said sale, the
said IsraelIsrael came into the posession of said LutherLuther
as the purchaser at said sale, of all the sight &
which said Rector have in aged to said IsraelIsrael
that said IsraelIsrael informed the whither that he was & is a
free man I now and at the time of the sale afore
said, by virtue his sentence, for a of years in
the state of IllinoisIllinois. And the said LutherLuther saith, that
he hath taken some trouble to engrain into the nature
& legality of the claim of said IsraelIsrael to his freedom
as set forth in his said declaration, and an full
, as aforesaid, the said LutherLuther saith that him
cannot deny hat that the said IsraelIsrael is a free
man as he both in his said declaration
set forth; and whether he the said LutherLuther is guiltty
of the trespases in said declaration mentioned, he
puts himself upon the county, &c.

J. C. Mc GirkMcGirk , Atto
for Dept

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G. A. Luther
adg
IsraelIsrael
Plea.

Filed 25th July 1826

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

Withdrawn
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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

In the circuit court
July term 1826

IsraelIsrael a freeman of color held a slave
by who is [ permited ] by the court to
by Augustus Evans his next friendas a poor
honor by his attorneyjudged as council by the
court Complains of Isaac. A Luther of a pleaof
trespas. For then the said Isaac. A Luther
to wit on the first day of may in the year of our Lord 1826 with force andarms at
the county of St LouisSt Louispreformed an assualt
further body of the said IsraelIsrael and then
and there hat;hurt and illtreated him the
said IsraelIsrael and then and there imprisoned
him the said IsraelIsrael till and left & allowed
himin prisonhim imprisoned against his will and with
out any reasonable or probablecausewhatever
and has Left him andblamed
him in prison contrary to the laws of this
state and the said IsraelIsrael owns that you and
it then of of thegrievances
he was and still is a free person

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No. 21

St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
March Term 1826

IsraelIsrael a man of
Color
vs
WilliamWilliam Rector
& IsaacIsaac C. A.
implecaded

Supplemental or
amended declaration

filed July 26 1826

A GambleArchibald Gamble Clk

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Isaac AIsaac A Luther . LutherIsaac A Luther impleaded
with WilliamWilliam Rector
ads
[ IsraelIsrail ], a man of Color

Ss In the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1826

And the said IsaacIsaac A Luther
AIsaac A Luther . LutherIsaac A Luther , who has been made party & impleaded with
the said WilliamWilliam Rector, by the said IsrailIsrael , in his amend
ed dutoration, by his attorny,, comes and defends
they wrong & injury when & and for plea to the
half southauthor of the said IsrailIsrael , saith that
he is not guilty of the said severalTrespasses, in
manner and form over alledged in said declara
tion, his cause he saith, that that an
the Second day of February in the year Eight teen hundred and twenty six in the said I
saac became the purchaser of the said IsrailIsrael
as a slave, the property of the said WilliamWilliam
Rector, at sheriff sale, in the county & city
of St LouisSt Louis, which said Sheriffs sale was made
by the sheriff of said County, under & by virtue
of a writ of Execution, issued from the Clerks
office of the county Circuit Court of the
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis against, against the said
Rector, and thereby obtained & pur chased all the
rightthither& interest and Claim, which said
Rector had in & to said IsrailIsrael as a slave
and that said IsaacIsaac took pocession of the
said IsrailIsrael , as a slave, in accordance to
the said sale, and has kept and detained
him the said IsrailIsrael as his slave from
the time said sale was made up to the
present day; and the said LutherLuther saith,
that since he the said LutherLuther purchased
the said IsrailIsrael , as aforesaid, the said IsrailIsrael
informed him the said LutherLuther that he the
said IsrailIsrael is a free man, andis not
a slave, according to the law of the land;
that the said LutherLuther after, after a full enquir
y into the said Clain of said IsrailIsrael to his
freedom, saith that he cannotdeny but that
the said IsrailIsrael is a free man, as he hath
in his said declaration alledged, but stays &
remains with the said LutherLuther as a slave, of his
own accord & consent, without any constrant
or compulsion of him the said LutherLuther ,

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and whether he the said LutherLuther is guitty of the
said several trespasses in said declaration, in
manner and form therein alledged
, his puts himself upon
the country - &.

J. C. McGirkMcGirk

Atto for Defendant
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Isaar A. Luther
impo &
ads
IsraelIsrael , a man of colour
Plea to ammended
declration

Not guilty
G. C. McGink
atto for p; defr

Filed 27th July 1826

Arch GambleArchibald Gamble Clark

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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.
State of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of Saint LouisSt Louis County....Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon JamesMilligan John 13thTreat
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of our CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , on the for day of at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there to
tesify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy, now pending in our said court, wherein IsrealIsrael
is plaintiff, and Isaac A. Sioher
impleaded is defendant, on the part of the Plaintiff and
have you then there this writ.

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Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 16th day of August in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty six

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk C.C.
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August Term1826 July Term

IsrealIsrael
vs.
Isaac A Sioher
for
James Mulligan
& John 18th Ariat
for
Plaintiff

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Served this writ on John BJohn B . on the 16th Augt 1826.

Ona MatherShiff
By

OmoMcKnightMcKnight sheriff

fees. 50 cts
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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.
State of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of Saint LouisSt Louis County....Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Thomas Thruston
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of our
Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on theforthinthday of at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there
to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy, now pending in our said court, wherein
IsrealIsrael is plaintiff, and Isaac
A Litchesimpleaded is defendant, on the part of the
Plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at
the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 22nd day of August in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty six

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk C.C.
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Executed this writ on Thos W. ThurstonAugt 23d 1826

Ind Tsimonds Jr D. Shff

service $0.50
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July Term 1826

IsraelIsrael
vs
Isaac A. Luther
for
Thomas Thruston
for Plaintiff

22d August

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Israel a personof color
vs
Isaac AIsaac A Luther LutherIsaac A Luther

And the saidIsraelIsrael person
of color a his were paid to the
IsrealIsrael of the said Isaac AIsaac A Luther LutherIsaac A Luther

the county the

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IsraelIsrael
vsLutherLuther

filed July August Term 1826

A. GambleArchibald Gamble Clk

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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.
State of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of Saint LouisSt Louis County....Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to Summon Schabud Allen John Hunter
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, he be and appear in proper person before the Judge of our
Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on theforthwithday ofat the Court houseat the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, then and there
to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy, now pending in our said court, wherein IsraelIsrael
is plaintiff, and
S. A. Setcher impleaded is defendant, on the part of the
plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

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Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , at
the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 4th day of August in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty six

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk C.C.
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July Term 1896

IsrealIsrael
vs
J A Sioher
for
&
John abud Allen
John Thruston

for Plaintiff

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Served this writ on AllenAllen on the
10th AugstJonah WalkerShff
HunterHunter not founds By

D Shff

fees