Virginia vs. Francois Menard, Andre Landreville
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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis
Sct.

In the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
November Term 1827..

VirginiaVirginia a free girl of color held in slavery who is
permitted by he court to sue byAlexis AmelinAlexis Amelin
her next friend as a poor person by her attorneys
John M BassJohn M Bass & IsaacIsaac C McGirkMcGirk assigned as Counsel
by said writ complains of Francois MenardFrancois Menard & AndreAndre Laundreville
LandrevilleAndre Laundreville of a plea of trespass with force & arms for that the said defendants
heretofore to writ on the first day of Jany in the year of our lord one thousand eight hundred twenty seven
with force & arms at the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louisaforesaw unlawfully
an assault did make in & upon the said VirginiaVirginia
and then and there beat bruised &ill-treated the said
VirginiaVirginia and then & there imprisoned her and kept
and detained, her in prison without any reasonable
or probable cause whatsoever, and have ever
since kept & detained her the said VirginiaVirginia in prison
and do still, detain & keep her in prison against her will contrary to the laws of the state and the plaintiff avers that before & at the time of the committing thegrievances aforesaid she was &
still is a free person and that the defendants held & detained her & still hold & detain
her the said plaintiff in slavery and
other wrongs then and there did to the said VirginiaVirginia
against the peace of this state wherefore the said VirginiaVirginia
says she is injured & has sustained damage
to the amount of five hundred dollar and therefore
shesues &c

Bass & McGirk
Alty P. Q.

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The State of MissouriMissouri
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis

To the Sheriff of St. Loui County Greeting

We command you to summon Francois MenardFrancois Menard and Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville
that they be and appear before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court at the next term
thereof to be held at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis within and for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis on
the fourth monday of November next then and there to answer unto VirginiaVirginia
who sues by AlexisAlexis Amelin AmelinAlexis Amelin her next friend of or plea of Trespass to the damage of the
said plaintiff Five hundred Dollars and have you then there two writ

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Witness Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of our said Court at office
this fourth day of August One thouand Eight hundred and twenty seven

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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Executed this writ on Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville Augut 8th 1827 in the CityCity of St Louis
of St. LouisCity of St Louis by informing him of the Content thereof and his acknowledging
the service of the same Francois MenardFrancois Menard not found in my
County Nov. 10th 1827

S. Simpson Sheriff

FrancoisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard not found
July 1.2.1828

R. SimpsonR Simpson Shff

Service $1.00
non Est 50
1.50 1 . 50 8th Augt
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No 14

In the St. Louis CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court
Novi Term 1827.

VirginiaVirginia a free girl of Color
vs
Francois MenardFrancois Menard
&
Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

This is an action of
assault & Battery and
false imprisonment.

Let a summon issue
Bass & McGirk
P. Q.

filed 4h August 1827

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

amended declaration filed 18h December 1827

Arch GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit CourtJuly Term 1827

John M BassJohn M Bass presents to the Court the petition of ElizabethElizabeth , VirginiaVirginia and VictoireVictoire Children
of MaryMary a colored woman praying that they may be permitted to institute suit
against Francois MenardFrancois Menard and Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville for Establihing their right to freedom
and that they may be permitted to sue as poor persons - therefore the Court permit
the said ElizabethElizabeth , VictoireVictoire and VirginiaVirginia to sue as aforesaid and direct that an action
of assault and Battery and false imprisonment be commenced against the said
defendants by their next friend in the names of the said ElizabethElizabeth , VictoireVictoire and
VirginiaVirginia and assignJohn M BassJohn M Bass and IsaacIsaac C McGirkMcGirk as their Counsel and it is
ordered by the Court that the said defendants permit the said plaintiffs to have a
reasonable liberty of attending their counsel and the Court when occasion may require
it and that the said plaintiffs shall not be taken or removed out of the jurisdiction of this court and that the said plaintiffs shal not be subject to any severity of
treatment on account of their said application for freedom

A True Copy of the order

Arch GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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The State of MissouriMissouri
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County Greeting

We command you to summon Francois MenardFrancois Menard that he be and appear before the judge
of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court at the next term thereof to be held at the City of St. Loui within and for
the county of St. LouisSt Louis on the fourth monday of July next then and there to answer
into VirginiaVirginia who sues by Alexis AmelinAlexis Amelin her next friend of a plea of trespass to the damage
of the said plaintiff of Five hundred dollar and have you then there
this writ

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Witness Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of our said Court at Office
this 9h day of May 1828

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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VirginiaVirginia
vs
FrancoisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard
&
Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

St.Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

The last named defendent will take notice
that on May 13th the day of this month between the hours of
9 O clock in the forenoon and 5 O clock in the afternoon of
that day at the of fice of J.V. in this city we stillall proceed
to take the depositions of witnesses to be read in the above
suit in behalf of the Plaintiff

St LouisSt Louis6th of Nov: 1827.

Bass & Mc Girk
Attys for Pltff

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Verginia
vs
Menard & Landreville.
notice

Served a copy of the within notice
on Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville Nov 8th 1827
in St LouisSt Louis

JnJohn Simonds Jr SimondsJohn Simonds Jr JrJohn Simonds Jr . Dp Sheriff

Service $ 0.50
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November 1827

Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

VirginiaVirginia

And the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville by
his attorney causes &
defends this force and injury whereforeand
says he is not guilty of the said supposed
trespass assaults & batteryimprisonments &
detentions above said to his charge or any
part thereof in manner and form as the
said VirginiaVirginia by her next friendAlexisAlexis Amelin
AmelinAlexis Amelin hath above thereof a
gainst him and of this he the said
Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville puts himself upon the
County- and the Plaintiff doth the like McGirk & BassforPltff

And for further plea in this he
half the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville says the
said VirginiaVirginiaought not to have or
maintain her aforesaid action against him because
he says that he the said AndreAndre at
the times mentioned in this declaration
had not nor claimed to have her hath he nor
doth he now claim to have but disavowethanddisclaimeth
to have anytitle claim
or interest in and to the said VirginiaVirginia and
this the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville is readyto
verify wherefore he prays Judgement if the
said Plaintiff ought to have or maintain this
aforsaid action against him

attorney fordefendent

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No 14

November Term 1827

VirginiaVirginia
vs Plea
LandrevilleLandreville

Filed Nov 29th 1827

A GambleArchibald Gamble clk

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VirginiaVirginiavsA LandrevilleA Landreville

and the said, VirginiaVirginia for replication
to the plea of the said LandrevilleLandreville secondly above pleaded says that
She ought not to be barred & precluded from having & maintaining her
action aforesaid against the said LandrevilleLandreville because she says that
the said LandrevilleLandreville at the said several times in her said declaration
mentioned & before the said several times did claim to have & hold
the said VirginiaVirginia as a slave & does still claim the said VirginiaVirginia
as a slave and of this she the said VirginiaVirginia puts hereof upon the county & C.

Bass & McGirk
for Pltff.

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VirginiaVirginia
vs
LandrevilleLandreville

Rep filed Decr 2nd 1828

A G Clk