Mary, a woman of color vs. Francois Menard, Andre Landreville
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To the Honorable Circuit Court of the CountyCounty St Louis

St. LouisCounty St Louis county July term 1827

The petition of MaryMary , a woman color,
represents, that she was born in KaskaskiaKaskaskia
in the now state of IllinoisIllinois in the family and
possession of one Michel Bienvenu there are
that your petitioner is now
about twenty six or seven years old
is informed and believes; that she was reared and
brought up in a state of slavery in KaskaskiaKaskaskia
in the possession of said Bienvenu and remained
in his family till his death, after which, your
petitioner was sold as a slave to FrancoisFrancois Menard
MenardFrancois Menard an inhabitant of IllinoisIllinois at that time that said MenardMenard held your petitioner in slavery
in IllinoisIllinois until about three years ago, where
he brought your petitioner to St. LouisSt Louis, and put
her in the possession custody and care of AndreAndre Laundreville
LandrevilleAndre Laundreville of the city and county of St. LouisSt Louis; that
your petitioner was hired out by said LandrevilleLandreville in St. LouisSt Louis and her wages
still continues to claim the direction and control
of your petitioner as a slave, either for his
own use or profit or as the agent of said
MenardMenard and that she is still held in state of
slavery, by said LandrevilleLandreville and MenardMenard . And your
petitioner represents, that she now has three in
fant childrens to wit one girl, named VirginiaVirginia
who is now upwards of seven years of age, one girl

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named VictoireVictoire , who is upwards of six years
old and one little girl named
ElizabethElizabeth who is about three years of age, who are
all held and claimed as slaves by said MenardMenard
and LandrevilleLandreville And your petitioner represents
that she is advised--that being born in
the now state of IllinoisIllinois and having been brought
up there, that she and all her infant children
are according to the Laws of the land en
tittled to their freedom from slavery, to exercise
and enjoy their natural liberty, of which they have
been unjustly deprived. And your petetioner represents,
that she can prove and establish the
fact of her birth and residence in IllinoisIllinois by
persons who reside there. Your petitioner therefore
prays that their honorable Court will permit and order
that your petitioner be allowed and permitted to in-
stitute suits for the freedom of her self and her
said children against the said MenardMenard and LandrevilleLandreville in and that
permitted to sue as poor persons, according to
the form of the statute in that case made
and provided, and your petitioner will ever pray

MaryMary her

X

mark

PeterPeter Ferguson

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

Personally approved her
for the undersigned
a justice of the peace within and for the
county and state aforsaid, MaryMary , a woman
of colour, the same person who subscribed the
petition who being sworn by
upon his approval saith
facts set forth upon in the foregoing petition
by her subscribedas stated upon her own
knowledge are true, and that stated upon
the information and heresay of others, she
verily believes are true and can be proved, and
further, that she know of no person to whom
can prove the facts stated in her petition
to whom she thinks she could safely confide
her intention of instituting a suit for her freedom
without in- curring the hazard of living deprived
of the opportunity of making this application
by being sent out of the jurisdiction of this court
sworn to and subscribed

MaryMary

X

mark

PeterPeter FergusonFerguson Justice of the peace
County St. LouisCounty St Louis

Witness Madam La Chappel-- St. LouisSt Louis at RocheblaveRocheblave Madam RocheblaveRocheblave - St. LouisSt Louis John Edgar- KaskaskiaKaskaskia
Henry Bienvenu, Mr Pagie
Louis Biatt

KaskaskiaKaskaskia

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no 7 November Term 1827
MaryMary and her 5 childern
vs
FrancoisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard and
AndreAndre Land -reville

Petition to be permitted
to sue for their
freedom

FiledJuly 21st 1827

A G Clerk

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis.

ss.

In the Council court November term 1827.

MaryMary a free girl of color held in slavery who is permitted
by the court to sue as a poor person by the attorneys
John M. Bass & Issac McGirk assigned as counsel by said
court complains of one Francois MenardFrancois Menard & Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville
of plea of Trespass with force & arms, for that they the said defen
dants herefore to wit on the first day of January was in the year of one lord eighteen hundred & twenty seven much force
& arms at the county of St. LouisSt Louisaforesaid unlawfully an assault did
make in & upon the said MaryMary , and then & there beat
bruised & ill - treated her the said MaryMary and then
& there imprisoned her and kept & detained her in prison
without any reasonable or probable cause whatsoever and
have ever since kept & detained her the said MaryMary in
prison & do still keep & detain her in prison against
her will contrary to the laws of this state and the said plaintiff avers that before and of the time of the committing the grievances
aforesaid she was & still is a free person and that the defendants held & detained her and still hold & detain her in slavery her the said MaryMary .
and other wrongs then & there did to the said MaryMary against the
peace of this state therefore the said MaryMary says she
is injured and has sustained damage to the amount
of five hundred dollars & therefore she sues

Bass & McGirk, PQ

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County St. LouisCounty St Louis

The State of

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County Greetings

We command you to summon FrancisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard and AndreAndre Laundreville LandrevilleAndre Laundreville that
they be and appear before the judge of our circuit court at the next term therof
to us held as the city of St. LouisSt Louis within and for the county of St. LouisSt Louis on the
Fourth Monday of November next time and these to answer untoMaryMary
of a plea of Trespass to the damage of the said plaintiff of Five hundred
Dollars and have yoU
then there this writ

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Witness Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of our said
Court at office this 31st July 1827

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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Executed this writ on AndreAndre Laundreville LandrevilleAndre Laundreville august 1827
by reading to him the declaration, writ & order of court
Francois MenardFrancois Menard not found in my county Nov 10th 1827

R. SimpsonR Simpson Sheriff

Francois MenardFrancois Menard not found


R. SimpsonR Simpson Sheriff

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Service $1.00
non Est 50
1.50

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No 7

St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
November Term 1827

MaryMary
vs
Francis MenardFrancois Menard &
AndreAndre Laundreville LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

To the clerk
This is an action of Trespass, assault & Battery and false imprisonment.
Issue a summons for the
Defendants

Bass & McGirk Atty PQ

Filed 31st July 1827

ArchArchibald Gamble GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

Amended Declarations filed 18th December 1827

ArchArchibald Gamble GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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H. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1827
Tuesday July 31st 1827

John M. Bass presents the petition of MaryMary praying that she may be permitted to
institute suit against Francois MenardFrancois Menard and Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville to establish her
right to freedom and that she may be permitted to sue as a poor person, therefore
the Court permits the said MaryMary to sue as aforesaid and direct that an action of
assault and battery and false imprisonment be commenced against the said
Francis MenardFrancois Menard and Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville in the name of the said MaryMary and
assign John M. Bass esquire as her counsel and it is ordered by the court that
the said defendands permit the said MaryMary to have a reasonable liberty
of attending her counsel and the court when occasion may require it and
that the said MaryMary the plaintiff shall not be taken or removed out of the
Jurisdiction of this Court and that she shall not be subject to any severity
of treatment on account of her said application for liberty
A true copy of the order

Arch GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis

The state of MissouriMissouri

To the Sheriff of H. Louis County greetings

We command you to summon Francis MenardFrancois Menard that he be and appear before the Judge of
our Circuit court at the next term thereof to be held at the city of the St. LouisSt Louis within and for the
county of St. LouisSt Louis on the fourth monday of July next then and there to answer unto MaryMary
of a plea of Trespass to the damage of the said MaryMary of five hundred dollars and have you
then show this writ

Witness Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk of our said Court at office
this Ninth day of May Eighteen hundred and twenty Eight

Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble Clerk

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MaryMary
vs
FrancisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard
&
Andre LaundrevilleAndre Laundreville

St. LouisCircuit Court CircuitCircuit Court CourtCircuit Court

M. AndreAndre Laundreville LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

Take notice that on the
18th day of the present month between the hours
of 9 o clock in the forenoon and 5 o clock in the afternoon
of that day, in the office of J VJ V Garnier GarnierJ V Garnier Esquire
in this city we shall proceed to take the depositions
of witness to be read in the trial of the above
suit in behalf of the plaintiff

St. LouisSt LouisNovr 6th 1827

Bass & McGirk Attys

for Plaintiff
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MaryMary
vs
Menard
& Landreville

notice

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Served a copy of the within notice on Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville November 8th 1827 in St. LouisSt Louis

In for

Ln Simonds Deputy Sheriff


Service.50
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MaryMary
vs
FrancisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard
&
Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

Mr. Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville

Take notice that on the
13th day of the present month between the hour
of nine o clock in the afternoon and five o clock in the
afternoon of that day at the office of J V GarnierJ V Garnier Esquire
in this city we shall proceed to take the depositions
of witnesses to be held in the trial of the above
suit- in behalf of the plaintiff

St LouisSt LouisNovember 6th 1827

Bass and McGirkMcGirk Attys

for pltff
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Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville vs.
MaryMary
November term 1827

And the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville by his attorney
comes and defends the
force and injury whereto And says he is
not guilty of the said supposed Trespass
assaults and Battery and imprisonment and detention
above laid to his charge or any part thereof
in manner and form as the said MaryMary by
her next friendAlexis AmelinAlexis Amelin
thereof impleaded against him and of this
he the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville puts
himself the county

And the said plaintiff cloth the like
McGirk & Bass for plaintiff
And his further plea in this behalf
the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville the says the
said MaryMary ought not to have or maintain
her aforesaid action thereof against him
because he says that he the said Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville at the times mentioned in
the said declarations had not nor declared
to have nor hath been nor doth he now declare
to have but disavoweth and disclaimeth
to have any title claim or interest in and to
the said MaryMary and this the said
Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville is ready to verify wherefore

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he prays judgement if the said plaintiff ought to have or maintain her aforesaid action
against him


Attorney for defendant
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MaryMary vs
LandrevilleLandreville , Plea

filed November 29th 1827

A gamble clerk

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis

ss.

In the Circuit court

Deposition taken by virture of a notice
on the thirteenth day of November in the year eighteen hundred and twenty seven and by consent at the dwelling
house of Madame RocheblaveRocheblave between the hours of nine
oclock in the forenoon and five o clock in the afternoon of the
same day and to be read in evidence on the case now pending in the Circuit Court of the county of St. LouisSt Louis
in which MaryMary , a woman of color who has for her freedom
is plantiff and Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville who is impleaded with
FrancisFrancois Menard MenardFrancois Menard is defendent on the part of the plaintiff

Marie Louise LaChapell being duly sworn on her oath Saith
that she is acquainted with MaryMary the above named plantiff and
she knew her as the slave of the late Michel Bienvenu that she knew
her from her birth that she was born at KaskaskiaKaskaskia in the
state of IllinoisIllinois has known her ever since and still knows her
to be the same at whose birth the attended

Sworn to on the day and
year and at the place first above
mentioned the plantiff being present
and the defendent having appeared
and afterwards with

Before

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MarieMaria Louisa Rocheblave LouiseMaria Louisa Rocheblave RocheblaveMaria Louisa Rocheblave being also duly sworn on her oath
saith that she has known MaryMary the above named plaintiff
and has Known her from the day she was born, that she
was born at KaskaskiaKaskaskia in the State of IllinoisIllinois but she can not tell the day
or year, knew her as the slave of the late Michel Bienvenu
has seen her in this place but can not tell how long
she has resided there

Marie Louise RocheblaveMaria Louisa Rocheblave

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Sworn to and subscribed on the day and year, at the
place and between the hours first above the
plaintiff being present and the defendent having appeared
but with drew before the taking of the depositions before

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The Clerk of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court
St. Louis County

MaryMary vs LandrevilleLandreville depostitions

filed 3rd December 1827

A gamble Clerk

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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.

The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of Saint LouisSt Louis County-Greeting.

You are herby commanded to summon David Massey
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, he be and appear in proper person before the Judge
of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , forthwith at the City ofCity of St Louis
St. LouisCity of St Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our
said Court, wherein MaryMary is plaintiff,
and LandrevilleLandreville impleaded is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff; and have you then there this writ.

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Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 2nd day ofDecember in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty eight

ArchibaldArchibald gamble

Clerk C.C.
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MaryMary vsLandrevilleLandreville

plaintiff
for David Massey

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Executed this writ upon David Massey
by his acknowlegment of serviceDecr 2nd 1828

R SimpsonR Simpson Sheriff

Deputy
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MaryMary vsA LandrevilleA Landreville

And the said MaryMary for replication to the plea
of the said LandrevilleLandreville secondly above pleaded say that she
ought not to be barred and precluded from having and maintaing
her action aforesaid against the said LandrevilleLandreville for she
says that the said at the said times in her
said declaration mentioned and before the said several times
did claim to have and hold the said MaryMary as a slave and doth
still claim the said MaryMary as a slave and of this she the said
MaryMary puts herself upon the county

McGirk & Bass Attorneys

for plaintiff
And the defendantdoth the like

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MaryMary
vs. LandrevilleLandreville

refiledDecember 2nd 1828

A G Clerk

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County Of St.LouisSt Louis, Sct.

The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of Saint LouisSt Louis County - Greeting.

You are hereby commanded to summon & MarieMaria Louisa Rocheblave
Louis RocheblaveMaria Louisa Rocheblave , Madame La ChappelleLa Chappelle
that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, they be and appear in proper person before the Judge
of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , Forthwith, at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our
said Court, wherein MaryMary is plaintiff,
and AA Landreville LandrevilleA Landreville impleaded is defendant
on the part of the plaintiff; and have you then there this writ.

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Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court ,
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 3rd day ofDecember in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty eight.

A GambleArchibald Gamble

Clerk C.C.
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november 1828
MaryMary
vs LandrevilleLandreville

Madame La Chapelle
M.L Rocheblave
forthwith

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Executed on M L. Rocheblave and
Madame La ChappelleLa Chappelle Decr 3. 1828
by reading to them the same on
John BJohn B PerronDecr 3. 1828.
Service 1.50

R SimpsonR Simpson Sheriff


Deputy Sheriff

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County Of St. LouisSt Louis, Sct.

The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To The Sheriff Of St. Louis County--Greeting:

You are hereby commanded to summon Charles Dumont
that, setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, he be and appear in proper person before the Judge
of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , forthwith, at the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our
said Court, wherein MaryMary , woman of color plaintiff,
and Andre LandrevilleAndre Laundreville is defendant,
on the part of the plaintiff and have you then there this writ.

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Witness, Archibald GambleArchibald Gamble , Clerk of our said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, this third day ofDecember in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty eight

Agamble

Clerk C.C.
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MaryMary
vs
AA Landreville . LandrevilleA Landreville

for Charles Dumont forthwith
for pltff

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Executed this writ upon Charles Dumont by reading the same to him Decr 3rd 1828
Service 0.50

RR Simpson . SimpsonR Simpson Sheriff

D. Deputy