Charles, a man of color v. Peter Verhager
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To the Honorable Luke Lawless
Judge of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St. Louis County:

In the State of MissouriMissouri

The Petition of negroCharlesCharles respectfully represents:
That he is held in slavery by PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen
of the city of St. LouisSt Louis in the State of MissouriMissouri : Your Pe-
titioner begs leave to state, that sometime in the year of our
Lord eighten Hundred and Thirty-seven. (he thinks in Feb-
ruary or March of that year) he was ordered directed and
sent into the State ofIllinois IllinoisIllinois by a certain JosephJoseph Rosati RosatiJoseph Rosati ;
who at that time claimed him, your Petitioner, as his slave
& exercised the power of ownership over him your Petitioner, for
the purpose of doing work in and about the House then
for fitting up for a Nunnery; that your petitioner did go
into that State for the purpose aforesaid and there remained
for the space of Ten or Twelve days, during which
time he (your Petitioner) was engaged in whitewashing the
House, in Painting and Plastering; that he (your petitioner)
afterwards returned into this State & has remained as he
was before, in the servitude and as the slave of the said
Joseph RosatiJoseph Rosati ; until within a few days past, when
the said Joseph RosatiJoseph Rosati having left this city, he, your
petitioner has been in the servitude and acting as the
slave of the said PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

Your Petitioner believes that the laws of the land do
therefore entitle him to freedom. To those laws he here
makes his appeal, and prays that your Honor will grant
him leave to sue as a poor person, in order to establish
his right to freedom; and that Tristen Polk and C. C.
CarrollCarroll Esquire may be assigned as his Counsel; and that he
may have reasonable liberty to attend his Counsel & this hon-
orable court, as occasion may require; that he be not removed
out of the jurisdiction of this court & that he be not subject to any
severity on account of his application for freedom, may it please your
Honor to grant him order to that effect. And as is duty bound; he will ever pray &c

May 16th 1840

negroCharlesCharles

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St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

NegroCharlesCharles
Petition for freedom

May 16th 1840 - Ordered: -
That negroCharlesCharles be allowed to
sue as a poor person to establish
his right to freedom : and that
TristenPolk & C. C. CarrollCarroll Esquire
be assigned him as Counsel: Also,
that said CharlesCharles have reasonable
liberty to attend his Counsel & this
court as occasion may require; &
that he be not removed out of the
jurisdiction of this court & that he
be not subject to any severity
on account of his application
for freedom

L E LawlessL E Lawless

Filed May 16 1840

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis Ss:

In the St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1840

CharlesCharles , a man of color, the plaintiff in this action
by his attorney TT Polk .PolkT Polk & C. C.CarrollCarroll ,, complains of
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen , the Defendant, of a plea of trespass for
that the said Defendant on the first day of May Eighteen Hundred and forty, at the said County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, with force
and arms, made an assault upon him the said Plaintiff
to wit, at the County aforesaid, and then and there beat,
bruised and ill-treated him, the said Plaintiff and then and
there imprisoned him the said Plaintiff, and kept and de-
tained him in prison there, without any resonable or probable
cause whatsoever, for a long time, to wit: for the space of twenty
days then next following, contrary to the laws and customs of this
State, and against the will of the plaintiff; and the said
Plaintiff avers that before & at that time of committing the a-
foresaid grievances, he was & still is a free person, and that
the said Defendant held and detained him and still holds
and and detains him in slavery against law & right and
against the will of the Plaintiff to wit: at the County
aforesaid; and other wrongs to the said Plaintiff then and
there did to the great damage of the said Plaintiff and
against the peaceanddignity of the State- Wherefore the
said Plaintiff saith that he is injured & hathsustained damage
to the amount of Five hundred Dollars & therefore
he brings this suit-

C. C. CarrollCarroll
T. PolkT Polk
for Plaintiff

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No.

In St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1840

CharlesCharles a man of color
vs
PeterPeter Verhagan

Narr.
Clerk will issue summons

C.C.CarrollCarroll
TT Polk .PolkT Polk
p.q.

May 1840
Filed May 16 1840

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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Petition filedPlff allowed to sue as poor person & counsel assigned 10 p 459

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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, ss.
THE STATE OF MISSOURIMissouri,

To the Sheriff of St. Louis CountyâGREETING:

We command you to Summon PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen if he be found
in your County that he be and appear
before the judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the first day of the next term thereof, to be held
at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, within and for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, on the third Monday
of July next, then and there to answer unto CharlesCharles a man
of Color of a plea of trespass
to the damage of said plaintiff of Five hundred
dollars: And have you then there this writ.

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Witness, JOHN RULANDJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said Court,
with the seal thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this Eighteenth day ofMay in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and forty

John RulandJohn Ruland Clerk.

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I acknowledge myself bound for all costs that may accrue in the above cause. Witness my hand and seal, at St. LouisSt Louis, this day of 18

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Executed this writ in the county of
St LouisSt Louis on the 19th day of May 1840
by offering to read it and the petition
& declaration and also the order of the
Honorable Judge to PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen the
within named defendant all of which he
said defendant refused to hear

Marshall BrothertonMarshall Brotherton Shff

By JosephJoseph . C. BrownBrown Dpty

Service $ 1.00
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No 203

St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1840

CharlesCharles a man of Color
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen
Summons

Suit for freedom
Dams - - $ 500

Carroll & Polk
pq

Filed May 18th 1840

John RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

Free
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Transfered to court of common pleas BK 12 p 319

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PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen
ads
CharlesCharles , a man of color
No 203

In the St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1840.

And the said defendant by his attorney,
comes and defends the force and injury when &c and
says that he is not guilty of the said supposed
trespasses above laid to his charge or any or
either of them in manner & form as the said
plaintiff hath ab in his said declaration
alleged and of this he the said defendant
puts himself upon the County &c

Primm p.d.

and the said Plaintiff does the like P.Q.
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No 203

St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1840

CharlesCharles
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

Plea
not guilty

Primm p.d.

Filed July 20 1840

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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THE STATE OF MISSOURIMissouri,

To the Constable of St. LouisSt Louis Township, in the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Greeting:

We command you to summon James FontbonneJames Fontbonne & John P. Fisher
that all excuses and delays being set aside they personally be and appear before the undersigned, a Justice
of the Peace within and for the County aforesaid, on the 31st day of Julyat ten o clock A. M. at his office, in the township of St. LouisSt Louis, to testify
on the trial of a case wherein CharlesCharles a man of Color is
plaintiff and Rev. PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen is
defendant on the part of the
Plaintiff and of this they are not to fail at their peril; and have you
then there this writ.

Given under my hand. this 31th day of July A. D. 1840

Justice of the Peace.

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CharlesCharles a man
of Color
vsSubpoena
Rev. PeterPeter Verhager

Justice ,,18

Witnesses

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne

John P. Fisher

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Executed this writ
By SummoningJamesJames Fontbonne
FontbonneJames Fontbonne and
John P Fisher
in St LouisSt Louis City
31st. 1840

Louis Breuil
constable
By C. H. Bryan
D. C.

Fee 50
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CharlesCharles a man of colour
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

In the CircuitCircuit Court CourtCircuit Court , for the CountyCounty of St Louis
ofCounty of St Louis St LouisCounty of St Louis State of MissouriMissouri.

To the above named defendant

You are hereby Notified, That Depositions of Witnesses to be read in evidence
in the above cause, on the part of the plaintiff will be taken at
the offices of Elihu H Shepard in the City of St LouisCity of St Louis
in the County ofCounty of St Louis St LouisCounty of St Louis and State ofMissouri MissouriMissouri on the Thirty first day of JulyInst between the hours of 8 o'clock
in the forenoon, and 6 o'clock in the afternoon: and that the taking of said depositions, if
not completed on that day, will be continued from day to day at the same place and between
the same hours, till completed.

CharlesCharles by his Attys
C. C. CarrollCarroll T. PolkT Polk

July 27 1840

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I acknowledge service of the above notice July 27, 1840

WilsonWilson Primm atty
for defdt.

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Depositions of witnesses produced swornand
examined at the office of R Shepard
in the City of St LouisCity of St Louis in the county of St LouisSt Louis &
StateMissouri ofMissouri MissouriMissouri Elihu H. Shepard a
Justice of the Peace within and for the county of
St. LouisSt Louisand StateMissouri ofMissouri MissouriMissouri in a certain
cause now pending in the CircuitCircuit Court CourtCircuit Court
for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louisand State of MissouriMissouri
between CharlesCharles as man of Colour- Plaintiff
and and PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen Defendant
on the part of the Plaintiff

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne priest of lawful age being
produced sworn and examined on the
part of the plaintiff deposeth and saith
that he is acquainted with both plaintiff
and defendant in this case about four
years and three months and at the time he
became acquainted with the parties the
RevJoseph RosatiJoseph Rosati was Bishop of this
[ Diocess ] in which St. LouisSt Louis is and
resided in this city until he left here
in the month of May last say about
the 12th. CharlesCharles the plaintiff belonged to
the Bishop Rosati. The Bishop Rosati

the defendant in this case left his spiritual
business to be transacted in his absence
to the Rev PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen the defendant and his
temporal affairs to Judge Many P LeducP Leduc
In the house hold affairs MrVerhagenVerhagen
has the general contract and therefore
has the direction of CharlesCharles the plaintiff in
this suit- In the spring of the year 1836

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I was at CahokiaCahokia in the state of IllinoisIllinois
and saw CharlesCharles at work there at
the Bishops house for the sisters with
the permission of the Rev Bishop Rosati
and the Bishop knew that CharlesCharles was
there he had told me before that CharlesCharles
would go to work for this deponents
sister, Some gentleman came over for
him in a cart but I do not know
that it was Mr. Gaddeau or not
CharlesCharles was a Cook in the Bishop's house
at St. LouisSt Louis and Wililam his the plaintiff
`` Brother Cooked in his absence and
lived about the house My sister one
of the sisters of St. Joseph at CahokiaCahokia depends
on the Bishop and I presume she
asked for CharlesCharles to come and assist
her The Bishop told CharlesCharles that he
wished him to paint the house in
which the sisters resided in CahokiaCahokia
The deponent is a Catholic Priest

Sworn & Subscribedbefore
me this 31st day of July 1840ElihuShepardJustice
of the Peace St Louis County

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne Priest.

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State of MissouriMissouri

I ElihuShepard a Justice of the peace
within and for the county of St. LouisSt Louis and state
of MissouriMissouri do hereby certify that JamesJames Fontbonne
FontbonneJames Fontbonne priest the deponent whose place
of residence is in the city of St LouisSt Louis in the
County of St LouisCounty of St Louisand State of MissouriMissouri

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was by me sworn to testify the whole
truth of his knowledge touching the matter
in controversy, in the cause aforesaid
that deponent was examined and his examination
reduced to writing by me and
subscribed by him said deponent in
my presence on the thirty first day of July,1840 between the hours of eight
o clock in the forenoon, and six
O'clock in the afternoon at that day
at the office of ElihuElihu W Shepard WElihu W Shepard .ShepardElihu W Shepard in the
city of St LouisSt Louis in the CountyCounty of St Louis ofCounty of St Louis St. LouisCounty of St Louis
and state of MissouriMissouri

Given and certified this 31st day of July 1840

ElihuElihu W Shepard WElihu W Shepard ShepardElihu W Shepard Justice
St Louis County

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State of MissouriMissouri

I ElihuElihu W Shepard WElihu W Shepard ShepardElihu W Shepard a Justice of the peace
within and for the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis and
StateMissouri of MissouriMissouri do certify that in pursuance
of the annexed notice came before me
at the office of ElihuElihu W Shepard WElihu W Shepard .ShepardElihu W Shepard in the
City of St LouisCity of St Louis in the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
and State of MissouriMissouriJamesJames Fontbonne FontbonneJames Fontbonne
priest was there by me sworn
and examined and such examination
reduced to writing and subscri-
bed by him in my presence- and his
deposition is now herewith returned
at the city and County of St LouisCounty of St LouisMo
this 31st day of July 1840Shepard Justice

St Louis County MissouriMissouri

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Opened & filed Nov: 17 1840.

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

CharlesCharles , (a man of color)
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen , dft

Costs of Justice Shepard $ 1.50

L. Dubreil Const: .50

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COUNTY OF ST. LOUISLouis , SCT.
THE STATE OF MISSOURIMissouri,

To any Judge or Justice of the Peace or other Judicial officer of the State ofIllinois IllinoisIllinois
GREETING.

We, reposing special trust and confidence in your integrity and circumspection, do au-
thorize and require you, that you cause to come before you, such person or persons as
shall be named to you by CharlesCharles a man of colour, his

Attorney or Agent, and him or them examine upon his, her or their corporal oath, (to be
by you administered,) touching their knowledge of any thing that may relate to a certain
matter of controversy, now pending in our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis,
wherein CharlesCharles a man of Colour is
plaintiff and PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen is
defendant on the part of the plaintiff and having
so reduced the said depositions so taken by you as aforesaid in writing, you are required
to send the same, together with this commission, enclosed under your seal, to our said
Circuit CourtCircuit Court , with all convenient speed.

[missing figure]
Witness, JOHN RULANDJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this tenth day of June in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred andthirtyforty

John RulandJohn Ruland

Clerk C.C.

by Wm Ames Depty

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Opened & filed April 21st 1841

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

CharlesCharles a man of Colour
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen
Dep for plff

Dedimus to IllinoisIllinois

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Deposition of witnesses produced sworn and
examined, at the office of François LaFrancois La Grange croix in the
Town of CahokiaCahokia in the county of St ClairSt Clair and State ofIllinois
IllinoisIllinois, before me François LaFrancois La Grange croix a Justice of the
peace in a certain cause now pending in the St. LouisCircuit Court
Circuit CourtCircuit Court State of MissouriMissouri, between Negro
CharlesCharles plaintiff and PeterPeter defendant
on the part of the plaintiff

François Nadeau of lawful age, being produced, sworn
and examined, on the part of the plaintiff deposeth
and saith

That a few days after Nuns, or Sisters, came to live in
CahokiaCahokiaI went over to St. LouisSt Louis and Brought over
on this side of the river a negro man by the name of CharlesCharles
at the Nuns. I suppose this was either in march or april in the year of 1836 after the said CharlesCharles came
to the Nuns. I saw him at work at the said Nuns
that is to say I saw him plaster paint and white wash
and to the Best of my recollection he remained there
fifteen or sixteen days, and Directly after the said CharlesCharles
came come to the Nuns he went to work, I always
since I have come to St. LouisSt Louis known the said
CharlesCharles to be a slave of the Bishop of St. LouisSt Louis and
I Believe that the said CharlesCharles came over by the
consent of his master the Bishop

his
François Nadeau
mark

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I François LaFrancois La Grange croix do hereby certify, that François Nadeau
the deponent, whose place of residence is in St. Clair county
in the State of IllinoisIllinois was by me sworn to testify the
whole truth of his knowledge touching the matter in
controversy in the cause aforesaid, that deponent was
examined, and his examination reduced to writing, and
subscribed by said deponent, in my presence on the

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Thirteenth day of June in the year eighteen hundred and forty between the hours of ten oclock in the fore
noon and six o clock in the after noon at the office
of François LaFrancois La Grange croix in the town of CahokiaCahokia in the county
of St. Clair and State of IllinoisIllinois

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Given and certified the 13th day of June 1840

François LaFrancois La Grange croix
Justice of the peace

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[missing figure]

FrançoisFrançois Demette of lawful age being produced, sworn
and examined on the part of the plaintiff deposeth
saith. about [ for year ] ago I was passing
by the house of the [ Nunes ], or sister, in the town of
CahokiaCahokia. and I saw CharlesCharles a Negro man belong-
ing to the Bishop in St LouisSt Louis, at work as I believed
but I do not know [ weather ] is was painting or
whitewashing. and I [ freequently ] saw him walk-
ing in the street of CahokiaCahokia. I Believe that the
said CharlesCharles came in CahokiaCahokia by the consent of
his master for I saw Mr Rosati the Bishop
of St LouisSt Louis. in CahokiaCahokia: and the said CharlesCharles . -
came in CahokiaCahokia too, and work one day and a half
while the Bishop was present. this was about the first or second day of June in 1839.

FrançoisFrançois his mark Demette

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I François LaFrancois La Grange croix, a Justice of the peace do hereby
certify. that FrançoisFrançois Demette the deponent, whose
place of residence is in the town of cahokia in StSt Clair ClairSt Clair county
in the state of IllinoisIllinois was by me sworn to testify the
whole truth of his knowledge touching the matter
in controversy in the cause aforesaid, that deponent
was examined, and his examination reduced in writing and
subscribed by said deponent, in my presence on the thirteenth day of June in the year eighteen hundred forty between
the hours of ten oclock in the forenoon and six oclock of
the afternoon, at the office of FrançoisFrançois Lacroix in the town
of caholia in the county of StSt Clair ClairSt Clair and State ofIllinois IllinoisIllinois
Given and certified the 13th day of June 1840

[missing figure]

François LaFrancois La Grange croix
Justice of the peace

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François Vaudrie. of lawful age being produced
sworn and examined. on the part of the plaintiff
deposeth and saith. that about four [ year ] ago I
[ known ] Negro CharlesCharles which is plaintiff in this cause
to have work at the Nuns, or sister of the Town of CahokiaCahokia
for I waited on him while he was plastering. I also
have helped him in painting and white washing.
and more I recollect that the said plaintiff have
work at the said nuns sixteen days. and during
that time I saw Mr [ Faunban ] come to the Nuns
and saw the said CharlesCharles (plaintiff) working.

FrançoisFrançois his mark Vaudrie

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I, François LaFrancois La Grange croix> a Justice of the peace do hereby certify. that
François Vaudrie the deponent, whose place of residence is
St ClairSt Clair county in the State of IllinoisIllinois, was by me sworn to
testify the whole truth of his knowledge touching
the matter in controversy in the cause aforesaid that
deponent was examined and his examination reduced to
writing, and subscribed by said deponent. in my presence
on the thirteenth day of June in the year eighteen hundred and forty, between the hours of ten oclock in
the forenoon and six oclock of the after noon at the
office of FrançoisFrancois La Grange LaFrancois La Grange croix, in the town of cahokia in
the county of St ClairSt Clair and State of Illinos

Given and certified the 13th day of June 1840

François LaFrancois La Grange croix

[missing figure]

Justice of the Peace

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[missing figure]

I François LaFrancois La Grange croix a Justice of the peace within
and for the county of StSt Clair ClairSt Clair in the State of IllinoisIllinois
do certify. that in pursuance of the consent of the
parties notice, came before me, at the office of FrançoisFrancois La Grange
LaFrancois La Grange croix in the town of CahokiaCahokia in the county and state
last aforesaid, François Nadeau, François Demétte
and François Vaudrie who were there by me sworn
and examined, and such examination reduced to writing
and subscribed by them, respectively in my presence
and their said depositions are now herewith return
ed

[missing figure]

Given at CahokiaCahokia in the county of StSt Clair ClairSt Clair
and State of IllinoisIllinois this 13th day of June 1840

François LaFrancois La Grange croix
Justice of the peace

Fees of the within
$ 10. to 8.18 3/4
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[missing figure]

Notice was waived by me in taking the
foregoing depositions

WilsonWilson Primm
atty for defdt

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[missing figure]

State of IllinoisIllinois
County of StCounty of St Clair. ClairCounty of St Clair
ss

It is hereby certified that François L Croixbefore
whom the forgoing depositions were taken was on the this tenth day of June A D Eighteen hundred and forty an acting
Justice of the Peace within $for said County of St ClairCounty of St Clair $ still
is an acting Justice of the Peace in $ for said county duly com-
missioned $ qualified and acting as such, that forth
& on one to all his acts as such in all

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[missing figure]
elsewhere

[missing figure]

In Testimony whereof I James MJames M .
ReynoldsReynolds Clerk of the County Commissioners
in and for StSt Clair County. ClairSt Clair County CountySt Clair County
the same being a Court of Record & having a seal
have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed
the seal of office this sixteenth day of July Anno Domini Eighteen hundred forty.

J. M. ReynoldsReynolds
Clk

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COUNTY OF ST. LOUISLouis , SS.
THE STATE OF MISSOURIMissouri,

TO James FontbonneJames Fontbonne
GREETING:â

You are hereby commanded, that, setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, you appear before our

ST. LOUISLouis COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, on the 19th Inst-
then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain cause pending in said court, wherein
CharlesCharles (a man of Colour) is plaintiff and
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen is defendant on the part of the
plaintiff and herein you are in no wise to fail.

[missing figure]
WITNESS, JOSEPH W. WALSH, Clerk of our said Court, with the seal
thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this
16th day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty- one

J. W. WalshW Walsh CLERK.

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[missing figure]

Executed
M. BrothertonM Brotherton Shff

Fee 50 cts
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[missing figure]

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne
vs
CharlesCharles (a man of color)
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

Wit for Plff
James FontbonneJames Fontbonne

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[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Ss.
The State of MissouriMissouri,

To James FontbonneJames Fontbonne
Greeting:â

You are hereby commanded, that, setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, you appear before our

St. LouisSt Louis Court of Common Pleas, at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, on the15th day of December 1841 then and there to testify, and the truth to say in a certain cause pending in said court, wherein
CharlesCharles (a man of Color) is plaintiff and
PeterPeter [ Verhaegen ] is defendant on the part of the
Plaintiff and herein you are in no wise to fail.

[missing figure]
Witness, Joseph WJoseph W . WalshWalsh , Clerk of our said Court, with the seal
thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this
29th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-one.

J. W. WalshW Walsh Clerk.

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No. 75. A

Novr: Term 1841

CharlesCharles a man of Color
vs
PeterPeter [ Verhaegen ]
Spa

Summon for Plff

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne

15th December

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[missing figure]

Writ executed, there being no Court

M BrothertonM Brotherton Sheriff

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[missing figure]

County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Ss.
The State of MissouriMissouri,

To James FontbonneJames Fontbonne
Greeting:â

You are hereby commanded, that, setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, you appear before our

St. LouisSt Louis Court of Common Pleas, at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, on the17th day of February 1842. then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain cause pending in said court, wherein
CharlesCharles (a man of color) is plaintiff and
PeterPeter [ Verhaegen ] is defendant on the part of the
plaintiff and herein you are in no wise to fail.

[missing figure]
Witness, Joseph WJoseph W . WalshWalsh , Clerk of our said Court, with the seal
thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this
11th day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty- two

J. W. WalshW Walsh Clerk.

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[missing figure]
No 75 -A-

Feby Term 1842

CharlesCharles (a man of Color)
vs
PeterPeter [ Verhaegen ]
Spa

Sum: for ptff

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne

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[missing figure]

not Found
M BrothertonM Brotherton
Shff

Fee. 12

17th February

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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Ss.
The State of MissouriMissouri,

To James FontbonneJames Fontbonne
Greeting:â

You are hereby commanded, that, setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, you appear before our

St. LouisSt Louis Court of Common Pleas, at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, on thethird day of May 1842 then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain cause pending in said court, wherein
CharlesCharles (of Color) is plaintiff and
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen is defendant on the part of the
plff - and herein you are in no wise to fail.

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Witness, Joseph WJoseph W . WalshWalsh , Clerk of our said Court, with the seal
thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this
16th day of april in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-two.

In WalshWalsh Clerk.

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No 75 Augt

May Term 1842

CharlesCharles (of Color)
vs
P. Verhagen

Spa for plff
for 3d May 1842

James FontbonneJames Fontbonne

This witnesses is a
Vide Pethe and is
material
Belt fuss made about
him last court 19 2.12 1.50 90 471
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Excuted
M BrothertonM Brotherton
Shff

Fee .57
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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Ss.
The State of MissouriMissouri,

To the Sheriff of the County of St. LouisCounty of St LouisGreeting:

We command you to attach PeterPeter Fonbonne
if he be found in your County, and him safely keep, so that you have his body before the
Honorable Judge of the St. LouisSt Louis Court of Common Pleas, at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, on the sixth
Inst then and there to testify and the truth to say, in a certain cause pending in said
Court, wherein CharlesCharles (a man of Colour is plaintiff and
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen is defendant; and, further, to answer
for a contempt by him committed in not attending said Court as witness, although regularly
summoned so to do on the part of the said plaintiff

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Witness, Joseph WJoseph W . WalshWalsh , Clerk of our said Court, with the seal
thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this
third day of May Inst in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-two

J.W. WalshW Walsh Clerk.

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CharlesCharles (a man of color)
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

Attach for PeterPeter

Fonbonne for Friday
next the 6th first

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Executed
M. BrothertonM Brotherton
Shff

Fee $ 1.00 Abides suit
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If the jury shall believe from the evidence
that petitioner CharlesCharles was sick at the time
he went to the state of IllinoisIllinois and that he went
there for the purpose of [ recruting ] his health, then
that does not constitute such
a residence as is contemplated by the ordinace
of 1789 or the Consitution of IllinoisIllinois.

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refused

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If the jury believe that the Plaintiff (being a
slave) was sent by his master, living in MissouriMissouri, to the
State ofIllinois IllinoisIllinois or went there with the Consent of his
master and that either by the direction or consent of his
master he was employed in painting, plaistering, and white-
washing the House of his master in IllinoisIllinois remaining there severaldays. he is entitled to his
freedom under the Constitution of that state and this is the
case whether said slave went over and performed said work
voluntarily or not, it all being done either by the direction
and consent of the master

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CharlesCharles (a man of color)
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

We the Jury find that
the Defendant is guilty
of the trespass in manner and form as the plaintiff has
in his declaration alleged

RichdELee.Foreman

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CharlesCharles (a man of Color)
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen

In the St LouisSt Louis Court of
Common Pleas. Term1841.

The defendant in this case, moves
the court to grant him a new trial for the following
reasons:-

The verdict is against law,

The " " " evidence

The " " " law, and evidence.

The court erred in its instruction to the jury.

The court erred in its refusal to instruct the
jury as prayed for on behalf of defendant.

Primm& TaylorTaylor for
Defendant.

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75 Aug 41

CharlesCharles
(a man of color)
vs
PeterPeter VerhagenVerhagen .

Motion for a new
trial.

Primm&TaylorTaylor
for defendant.

Filed 9th May 1842.

JW WalshW Walsh clerk

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Wm L Kid

Jos. Murphy

HarryHarry W. Chaubey

R. D. Lacy

Zacharias n Roberts

Geo L. Coff

Saml Nouile

Wm Mills

Ben F. Buchanan

CharlesCharles Engles

Richd E Lee

Robt

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