Charles, a man of color v. Belina Christy and Melanie Christy
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To the Hon, the Circuit Court of the County of S LouisCounty of S Louis

CharlesCharles , a man of color, respectfully
represents, that he was born at the village
of CahokiaCahokia, St ClairSt Clair County CountySt Clair County in the state
of IllinoisIllinois in the family of JosephJoseph
Esq, whose servant the mother of your
petitioner was, that your petitioner is
now about the age of twenty three
years old, that when about the age of eleven
years, your petitioner was levied on by the
Sheriff of St ClairSt Clair County CountySt Clair County in said State of IllinoisIllinois
on an execution against said , and
sold byvirtue thereof to one AlfredAlfred Cowles
with whom your petitioner continued to
reside until about four years ago, when the
said Cowles sold your petitioner to Ebenezer
Pickering, who about three years ago
sold him to SamuelSamuel ChristyChristy , who has since
deceased, that Belina the widow of said
ChristyChristy , now pretends to claim you petitioner
as her property, and restrains him of his just
rights, liberty & freedom, which he is informed
and believes under thesefacts he has a legal
right to - & he therefore prays this honorable
Court to grant him leave to sue as a poor
person, in order to establish his right to
freedom in an action of false imprisonment
against the said BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy , & he will pray
&c.

CharlesCharles his mark

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State of MissouriMissouri
St Louis County ss.

CharlesCharles , a man of color, being
duly sworn says that the facts set forth in
the annexed petition are just & true, to the
best of his knowledge & belief

CharlesCharles his mark

Sworn to & subscribed
the 24 July 1841
Before:

Geo AGeo A Hyde HydeGeo A Hyde J.P

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The Court being of opinion that the forgoing
petition of CharlesCharles , a man of color, contains
sufficient matter to authorize the commencement
of a suit, makes the following orders.

First, That CharlesCharles a man of color, be allowed to
sue as a poor person to establish his right
to freedom, and assigns him Risque Murdoch
& King as his counsel

Second. That the said CharlesCharles have reasonable liberty
to attend his counsel and the Court as
occasion may require; that he be not removed
out of the jurisdiction of the Court and that
he be not subject to any severity on account
of his application for freedom.

BryanBryan Mullanphy MullanphyBryan Mullanphy Judge
of the 8th Judicial CircuitCircuit Court
of MissouriCircuit Court

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In Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St Louis County
March Term 1841

State of MissouriMissouri
St Louis County ss.

CharlesCharles a man of color
complains of BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy of a plea of
trespass, for that the said defendant
on the first day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty one, at St LouisSt Louis to wit at the County
aforesaid made an assault upon the said
plaintiff, and then and there imprisoned
him the said plaintiff and kept and detained
him in prison there, without any reasonable
or probable cause whatsoever for a long
time to wit for the space of twenty three
days there next following, contrary to
the laws of this state and against the
will of the said plaintiff. To the damage
of the said plaintiff one dollar and
therefore he brings suit &C.

Risque Murdoch & King
Attys for Plff

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In St LouisSt LouisCir. CourtCircut Court
March Term 1841

CharlesCharles , a man of color
vs
Belina ChristyBelina Christy .

Suit for freedom
Narr in false imprisonment

Risque Murdoch & King
Plffs Attys

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> County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, ss.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To the Sheriff of St. Louis CountyâGreeting:

We command you to summon Belina ChristyBelina Christy if
she be found in your county, that she
be and appear
before the judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the first day of the next term thereof, to be
held at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, within and for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, on the third Mon-
day of March next, then and there to answer unto
the petition
ofCharlesCharles a man of color, of a plea
of trespass
to the damage of said plaintiff of one
dollar: And have you then there this writ.

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Witness, John RulandJohn Ruland . Clerk of our said Court,
with the seal thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the
City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 25th day ofFebruary in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and forty one.

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk.

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The Court being of opinion, that the foregoing petition of
CharlesCharles , a man of color, contains sufficient matter to
authorize the commencement of a suit makes the
following orders.

First That CharlesCharles a man of color be allowed to sue
as a poor person to establish his right to freedom and as
-signs Messrs. Risque, Murdoch & King as his counsel.
Second that the said CharlesCharles have reasonable

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liberty
to attend his counsel and the court as
occasion
may require: that he be not removed out of the juris-
diction of the Court, and that he be not subject to
any severity on account of his application for freedom.

Bryan MullanphyBryan Mullanphy , Judge of the 8th
Judicial Circuit of MissouriCircuit Court

a true copy of the order

attest Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clk

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plea stricken out by order of courtBK 12 p 410 - venue change to St LouisSt Louis
Court of Com Pleas BK 13 p 204

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No. 343

St Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
March Term 1841

CharlesCharles (of color)
vs
Belina ChristyBelina Christy
Summons

Suit for freedom

Risque, Murdoch & King

Filed 25th Feb 1841

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clk

Free 1
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Executed this writ in the county of St LouisSt Louis on the
25th day of February 1841 by
offering to reading
it and the Petition Declaration and order of the Court
to Belina ChristyBelina Christy the defendant

Marshall BrothertonMarshall Brotherton Sheriff
By HenryHenry B Belt Depty

Service $ 100
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In the Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St Louis County
March Term 1841

State of MissouriMissouri
St Louis County ss

CharlesCharles , a man of color
vs
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

And now at this day
comes the said plaintiff and by Care of the Court
first had andobtained files an amended
declaration as follows.

CharlesCharles a man of color complains of
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy of a plea of trespass for that
the said defendant at St LouisSt Louis to wit at the County
aforesaid, on the first day of February in the year eighteen hundred & forty one with force and arms
assaulted the said plaintiff and him then and there
took and imprisoned and restrained him the said plaintiff
of his liberty and held him in servitudefrom the
said day and year last aforesaid until the twenty fifth day of February in the year aforesaid . And
the said plaintiff avers that at the time of the
committing of the said grievances, the said plaintiff
was and still is a free person and that the
defendant held, and still holds him the
said plaintiff in slavery, against the law of
the land, and against the will of the said
plaintiff, and other wrongs to the said plaintiff
within that time did, against the peace
and to the plaintiffs damage one dollar
and therefore he brings suit

Risque Murdoch & King
attys for Plff

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In Cir. CourtCircut Court St LouisSt LouisCo
March T. 1841

CharlesCharles , a man of color
vs
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

AmendNarr

Filed by leave of Court February 26 1841

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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To the Hon. the Circuit Court of the CountyCounty of St Louis
of St. LouisCounty of St Louis.

CharlesCharles a man of color respectfully
represents that at the present
term Novr Term 1841 of the St Louis CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , your petitioner by leave of this honorable
Court brought a suit in False imprisonment against
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy for the purpose of establishing his
right to freedom_ that the writ issued in said
Cause, was duly served on the said defendant
by the Sheriffsof said County some time during the
lastweek - that after the said service of
the said writ with the ordersthereonendorsed
as provided by the secondsection of the act
entitled ``An act to enable persons held in
slavery to sue for their freedom'' upon the said
defendant, the said petitioner was forcibly
seized in the publicstreets of the City ofCity of St Louis
St LouisCity of St Louis on Sunday the 28th day of March 1841 by one John HJohn H . Deck and one PeterPeter
a watchman of St LouisSt Louis, who pretending to act
under the authority of the defendant BelinaBelina Christy
ChristyBelina Christy , and carried the said petitioner
across the river MississippiMississippi into the state
of IllinoisIllinois and out of the jurisdiction
of this Court, and was taken to the jail
of StSt Clair County ClairSt Clair County CountySt Clair County, IllinoisIllinois for imprisonment
but the jailorof said County refused to take
Charge of your petitioner on the ground that there
was no offensealledged against your :
Your petitioner states that during last night he
escaped from the custody of those who confined
him at Belleville and has returned to the
City of St LouisCity of St Louis in MissouriMissouri, and now claims the

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protection of this honorable Court, and
that he may be brought up under a warrant
before this honble Court, and that defendant
be compelled to enter into recognizance
as the said law provides. your petitioner
states that he believes that he will be again taken
out of the jurisdiction of
this Court unless the said
warrant issues

CharlesCharles a man of Color

by RisqueMurdoch & King
hisAttys

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State of MissouriMissouri
St Louis County Ss

CharlesCharles a man of Color
being sworn says that the facts set forth
in the forgoing petition arejust & true

Sworn to & subscribed
the 1 March 1841
Before

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

CharlesCharles his mark a man of color

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CharlesCharles a man of color
vs
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

Filed March 1st 1841

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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warrant ordered to being plff before the courtBk 12 p 121

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Stricken out by order of court

N. S. Doughty Dpty Clk

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St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit CourtMarch Term 1841

CharlesCharles
vs.
Belina ChristyBelina Christy

And the said defendant
in her own proper person comes and says that
this Court ought not to have or take further
cognizance of the actions aforesaid because she
says that the said ()
trespasses and false imprisonment in the
declaration mentioned and the said holding in
slavery therein mentioned, were done in the
State ofIllinois IllinoisIllinois & not elsewhere & by reason
of a claim to the services of said plaintiff
under the laws of that State: and the said
plaintiff so being held by defendant to service
in IllinoisIllinois, under color of the laws thereof,
escaped & ran away from defendant
to the State ofMissouri MissouriMissouri, against the will
of defendant & brought this suit: he the said
plaintiff never having resided in the State ofMissouri
MissouriMissouri at any time and this the defendant
is ready to verify, wherefore she
prays judgment&c.

SpaldingSpalding & TiffanyTiffany
attys for deft

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St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

CharlesCharles
vs.
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

plea

SpaldingSpalding & TiffanyTiffany
attys

Filed March 20. 1841

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland Clk

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St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit CourtMarch Term 1841

CharlesCharles
vs
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

And the defendant by
her attorney comes and defends the force and
injury when &C. and says that she is not
guilty of the said supposed trespass and false
imprisonment in manner and form as
the said plaintiff hath above thereof complained against her, & of this she puts herself upon the country &.C.

SpaldingSpalding & TiffanyTiffany
attys for Deft

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343

St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

CharlesCharles
vs
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

plea

SpaldingSpalding & TiffanyTiffany
attys for deft

Filed March 20. 1841

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland Clk

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CharlesCharles , of color
vs
ChristyChristy
Suit for freedom

And the said plaintiff as to the
plea of the said defendant, and
whereof she puts herself upon the
Country doth the like

F.BF B Murdoch .MurdochF B Murdoch
atty for Plff

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CharlesCharles , (of color)
vs
BelinaBelina Christy ChristyBelina Christy

Repn to

Filed July 19 1841

Jn RulandJohn Ruland clerk

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CharlesCharles (a man of color)
vs
MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

To the Hon St. Louis CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court your petitioner MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy respec-
fullyavers a change of venue may be awarded
in above named case, pending in the St. LouisCircuit Court
Circuit CourtCircuit Court, for the following cause,= because
the Judge of the said Court has prejudicesagainst
the petitioner's defense to the said suit.

MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

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County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
ss.

MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy this day personally appears
before the undersigned, & makes oath to the fact
in the foregoing petition & states that she has just cause
to beleive that she cannot receive a fair trial in
the case above mentioned, & on account of the
cause alleged in said petition.

Given under my hand, this Eighteenth day of October,A.D. Eighteen hundred and forty one.

KretschmarKretschmar
Justice of the peace.

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CharlesCharles (a man of color)
vs
MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

Affidavit for change of
venue

Filed October 23d 1841

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, ss.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To Dr. C. Tiffin, Joseph Basil
Pamlin
Jn Paca

Greeting:â

You are hereby commanded, that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, you appear
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the fifth day of January 1842
at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then and there to testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said Court,
wherein CharlesCharles a man of Color is
plaintiff B. Christy is
defendant on the part of the plaintiff
and herein you are in no wise to fail.

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Witness, John RulandJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said Court, with the
seal thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
this 31st day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty- one

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland

Clerk, C.C.
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CharlesCharles
vs
ChristyChristy

Subpoena for
Witnesses

Dr. Tiffin
Jno Paron
Jos: Pamlin
Executed
M. BrothertonM Brotherton
Shff

Fee 150
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Served this subpa on all
the witnesses this day
3 Jany 1842

F. B. MurdochF B Murdoch

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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, ss.
The State Of MissouriMissouri,

To Miggins of the house of Christy & Wiggins
and Dr C. TiffinTiffin
Greeting:â

You are hereby commanded, that setting aside all manner of excuse and delay, you appear
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the fifth day of January 1842
at the city of St. LouisSt Louis, then and there to
testify and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy now pending in our said Court,
wherein CharlesCharles , a man of Color) is
plaintiff and B. Christy is
defendant on the part of the plaintiff
and herein you are in no wise to fail.

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Witness,
John RulandJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said Court, with the
seal thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the city of St. LouisSt Louis,
this 3d day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty- two

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland

Clerk, C.C.
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Executed

M. BrothertonM Brotherton
Shff

Fee $ 1.00
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CharlesCharles
vs
B. Christy
Subpa

For

Dr C. Tiffin
W S Miggins

of the firm of ChristyChristy &
Miggins.
â To appear 5 Jany 1842
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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, sct.
State Of MissouriMissouri,

To the Sheriff of St. Louis CountyâGreeting:

We command you to attach Dr C. TiffinTiffin
by his body and him safely keep, so that you have his body
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , now in session at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, within and for
the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, on the 6th day of January 1842 then
and there to testify, and the truth to say in a certain matter of controversy, now pending in
our said Circuit CourtCircuit Court , between CharlesCharles of Color is
plaintiff, and Belina ChristyBelina Christy is defendant wherein
the said Dr. C. TiffinTiffin has heretofore been summoned
on the part of the said plaintiff

Witness, John RulandJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court , at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, this 6th day ofJanuary in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty two

Jn RulandJohn Ruland

Clerk, C.C.
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CharlesCharles
vs
ChristyChristy

Attachment
for Dr C. TiffinTiffin

Not found

M. BrothertonM Brotherton
Shff

Fee .50 C
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CharlesCharles , a man of color
vs
MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

To the Hon. the Saint Louis CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court

Your petitioner MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy the
defendant in the above named case respect
fully asks that a change of venue may
be awarded therein for the following
reason- Because the Judge of said
court is prejudiced in said case.

MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis
sct

MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy the above
named petitioner this day personally
appears before the under signed and
makes oath to the truth of the foregoing
petition, and that she has just
cause to beleive that she cannot receive
a fair trial in the above case, on account
of the causesalledged in the
said petition.

MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

Sworn to and subscribed before me,
this sixth day of January, A.D. Eighteen hundred and forty two

. KretschmarKretschmar

Justice of the peace St Louis County, Mo.
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CharlesCharles , a man of color
vs
MelanieMelanie Christy ChristyMelanie Christy

Petition for change
of venue

Filed January 6 1842

Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk