To the Hon. the Judge of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St Louis
Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo , a male child of color aged about
ten months, respectfully shows to your honor that he is the
son of VicaVica a woman of color, who was formerly the property
of FelixFelix Walker WalkerFelix Walker of the State ofMississippi MississippiMississippi. That the said
WalkerWalker sometime in the spring of the year eighteen hundred and
forty one took the said VicaVica mother of your petitioner to
JacksonJackson County CountyJackson County in the State of IllinoisIllinois where the said
VicaVica was held to labor and as a slave by the said WalkerWalker
for several months both before and after your petitioners birth,
that several months after the said VicaVica was so summoned
by said WalkerWalker to the said State of IllinoisIllinois, that she gave
birth to your petitioner in the said county of JacksonJackson in the StateIllinois
of IllinoisIllinois, on or about the seventh day of June
that for several months after the birth of your petitioner
the said VicaVica continued to remain in the County and state
last named and there kept your petitioner that the said
VicaVica and your petitioner were subsequently brought to the city of St LouisSt Louis in
the State of MissouriMissouri by one Benjamin Dill son in law of the
saidWalkerWalker and placed in the home of one
in said city that said to hold and to be
entitled to the said VicaVica & your petitions to one Lyman
B Shaw who under such and right
sold the said VicaVica and your petitioner to GeorgeGeorge Charles CharlesGeorge Charles &
SamuelSamuel Robart as your petitioner believes- that your petitioner
is now in the custody of James Mellody. Your petitioner
states that the said John & H Shaw Lyman B Shaw
and SamuelSamuel HobartHobart all to have some right of property
in your petitioner as a slave- your petitioner states that the
said CharlesCharles has made efforts to obtain possession of your
petitioner to separate him from his mother the said VicaVica &
to remove him as he believes out of the jurisdiction of the
said court - Believing that he is free and entitled to his
freedom, your petitioner begs your honor to allow him to
sue for his freedom as a poor person by his next friend ChesleyChesley Evans
EvansChesley Evans and that your honor will make such other and
further orders as the law requires to secure to you petitioner
jurisdiction of said court - your petitioner states further
that his mother the said VicaVica is the daughter of a mulatto woman
by an Indian man and that the father of your petition
is a white man so that the proportion of African blood
your petitioner is about one eighth.
Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo(of color) by
Murdoch his attorneys
State of MissouriMissouri
St Louis County of
VicaVica a woman of color being
duly sworn says that the matters and things in
the foregoing petition of Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo contained are
true to the best of her knowledge and belief.
mark the 29 April 1842
John RulandJohn Ruland Clerk Cir Ct By
N. S. Doughty Depty
The undersigned judge of the Circuit CourtCircuit Court of St Louis
County being satisfied that the petition of Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo
a child of color contains sufficient matters to authorize
the commencement of a suit, do make the following orders. That the said Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo be allowed to sue
as a poor prison to establish his right to freedom and
do assign Messrs King & Murdoch as his counsel
Second: that the said Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo have reasonable liberty
to attend his counsel and the Court as occasion may
require; that he be not removed out of the jurisdiction
of the court and that he be not subjected to any severity
on account of his application for freedom.
Bryan MullanphyBryan Mullanphyby Judge of the 8th JudicialCircuitCircuit Court of MissouriCircuit Court
In the St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July term 1842.
State of MissouriMissouri
St. Louis County ss.
Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo , a boy of color
who sues by his next friend Chesley EvansChesley Evans complains of John
H. Sparr, George CharlesGeorge Charles , SamuelSamuel HobartHobart & George HGeorge H .C.
MellodyMelody of a plea of trespass and false imprisonment &c
For that the said defendants on the twenty eighth day of April in the year eighteen hundred and forty two at the
County aforesaid upon said plaintiffs an assault did
make and him the said plaintiff did strike bruise and
otherwise ill treat and him then and there did
imprison & so detained him in imprisonment for a long
time to wit from the day & year last aforesaid to this day
contrary to the statutes in such case made and provided
and against the peace and dignity of the state aforesaid.
And the said plaintiff avers that before and at the
time of the committing of the grievances aforesaid, he
the said Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo was and still in a free
person, and that the said defendants held and still
hold him in slavery.
To the plaintiffs damage
one dollar & therefore he brings suit &c.
King & Murdoch.
John H. Sparr, GeorgeGeorge Charles
CharlesGeorge Charles , SamuelSamuel HobartHobart
and MellodyMelody .
Petition for freedom
Narr in false imp.
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, ss.
The State of MissouriMissouri,
To the Sheriff of St. Louis County--Greeting:
We command you to Summon John H SparrJohn H Sparr , George CharlesGeorge Charles
SamuelSamuel HobartHobart and George HGeorge H .C. MelodyMelody if they be
found in your County that they be and appear
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the first day of the next term thereof, to be
held at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, within and for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, on the third Monday
of July next, then and there to answer unto Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo
a boy of color who sues by his next friend Chesley EvansChesley Evans
of a plea of trespass and false imprisonment
to the damage of said plaintiff of one
dollars: And have you then there this writ.
with the seal thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this Twenty ninth day ofApril in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and forty two.
Jn RulandJohn RulandClerk.
I acknowledge myself bound for all costs that may accrue in the above cause
Witness my hand and seal, at St. LouisSt Louis, this day of
order to hire out petitioner rescinded & suit dismissed Bk 13 p 227
St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
July Term 1842
sues by his next friend Chesley EvansChesley Evans
John H. Sparr. George CharlesGeorge Charles SamuelSamuel
HobartHobart & George HGeorge H .C. MellodyMelody
Suit for freedom, Dam ___ $1.
It is ordered- first, That the said ThadeusThadeus Alonzo
AlonzoThadeus Alonzo be allowed to sue as a poor person to establish
his right to freedom and do assign Messrs
King & Murdoch as his counsel. Second- That
the said Thadeus AlonzoThadeus Alonzo have reasonable
liberty to attend his counsel and the court
as occasion may require, that he be not
removed out of the jurisdiction of the court
and that he be not subject to any severity on
account of his application for freedom.
Bryan MullanphyBryan Mullanphy Judge of the 8th Judicial
Circuit of MissouriCircuit Court .
Filed April 29th 1842
Jn RulandJohn Ruland Clerk
Executed this writ, on the 29th day of April 1842,
in the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, by reading it and the
annexed declaration to John H SparrJohn H Sparr , GeorgeGeorge Charles
CharlesGeorge Charles , SamuelSamuel HobartHobart and George HGeorge H C
Marshall BrothertonMarshall Brotherton Sheriff
|fees in original||5.00|
The State of MissouriMissouri to Marshall BrothertonMarshall Brotherton Esquire
Sheriff of the County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
The Judge of the Our Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the
Eighth Judicial Circuit being satisfied that ThadeusThadeus Alonzo
AlonzoThadeus Alonzo a male child of color will be is about to be removed
from out of the Jurisdiction of the said court
in which he has been allowed to sue
for his freedom, This is therefore to command
you to take the said child wherever he may
be found and bring him before our said Judge
at three o'clock of the afternoon of this day
at gaol in the city & county of St. LouisSt Louis
and summon the persons in whose possession
he may be found, as also John HJohn H Sparr .
SparrJohn H Sparr , Lyman B. Shaw, George CharlesGeorge Charles and SamuelSamuel
HobartHobart , who are said to claim property in said
child to appear before our said Judge at
the same time and place - and have you then
there this writ - to witness the hand of our said Judge
at Chancery in the city and county of St LouisSt Louis this
twenty ninth day of April in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty two.
Bryan MullanphyBryan Mullanphy Judge
of the Eighth Judicial
Circuit of MissouriCircuit Court
- for the taking of
Thaddeus Alonzo - a
male child of color.
Executed this writ in the County ofCounty of St Louis
St LouisCounty of St Louis on the 29th April 1842 and have
Thaddeus Alonzo at the Gaol as required
by this writ, and also by summoning
John H SparrJohn H Sparr , Lyman B. Shaw, George CharlesGeorge Charles
and SamuelSamuel HobartHobart to appear as herein
Marshall BrothertonMarshall Brotherton Shff.
HenryHenry B Beet Depty
State of MissouriMissouri.
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis.
Be it remembered that on the twenty ninth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty two, at gaol in the city &
county of St. LouisSt Louis was bought before
the undersigned Judge of the Eighth
Judicial Circuit of MissouriCircuit Court , Thaddeus
Alonzo a child of color under the writ
this day by the undersigned issued under
the 4th and 5th sections of an act entitled
âan act to enable persons
âheld in slavery to sue for their freedomâ
and the parties in the writ named
having declined to enter in the recognizance
required by the seventh section of
the said act, and the said child
being but a few months old and utterly
helpless, & incapable of being disposed
of under the eighth section of the
said act, therefore it is ordered that
Marshall BrothertonMarshall Brotherton Esqre Sheriff of the
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis do keep the said
child subject to the order of this
Bryan MullanphyBryan Mullanphy .
Judge of the Eighth Judicial
Cir of the
State of MissouriMissouri