Nancy, a dark mulatto woman v. Enoch Steen and Ann Page
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The Petition of NancyNancy a dark [ mullato ]
woman HumblyHumbly [ sheweth ]

That said NancyNancy
who is now held as a slave by EnochEnoch Steen
SteenEnoch Steen was born in the
Territory of FloridaFlorida that her maternal
Grandmother was an Indian Woman;
that this Petitioner was, at or about the
age of ten years taken from her Mother who
was a free woman and living with her
said Grandmother in FloridaFlorida amongst
the Indians and was about that
time obtained by John Page- that she
remained with said Page as a free
person until a short time previous to
his death, which occurred some
months ago, and that a short time
after the decease of said Page said
McS one Aeneus McKay took this
Petitioner into his possession _ & from
the said possession of said McKay
this Petitioner was taken by said
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen into his own
possession and he said SteenSteen
now holds & detains her as a slave-
Therefore Your Petitioner prays for leave
to sue as a poor person in order
to establish her right to freedom for
such further relief or redress as is by
law permitted as to your Honor deeming
meet

NancyNancy

X

her mark
witness:

Kretschmar.

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State of MissouriMissouri
CountyCounty St Louis of St. LouisCounty St Louis
ss

Before the under signed came
NancyNancy above named and

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set her hand to the foregoing Petition and being
by me duly sworn on her oath says, that the statements detained in the same are true
the same having been read to her.

NancyNancy

X

her mark
Sworn to and signed before me,
this 12th day of November 1847

KretschmarKretschmar


Justice of the peace.
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On the foregoing petition it is ordered that the Petitioner
NancyNancy be allowed to sue as prayed for in order to establish
her freedom, that F. AF A Dick . DickF A Dick & B. Farrar be appointed as her
Counsel, that she have reasonable liberty to attend her Counsel
and the Court as occasion may require and that she be
not removed out of the Jurisdiction of the CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court of St. Louis County and that she be not
subject to any severity on acount of her application
for freedom.

Nov 19 1847

AAlexander Hamilton . HamiltonAlexander Hamilton


Judge of St. LouisCircuit Court
Circuit CourtCircuit Court,


8th Judicial CircuitCircuit Court ,


MissouriMissouri
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StateCircuit Court of MissouriMissouri
CountyCounty St Louis of St. LouisCounty St Louis

vs

In the St. Louis CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit CourtApril Term 1848

NancyNancy a Free woman of Color by
F. AF A Dick .DickF A Dick & BenBen Farrar FarrarBen Farrar her attorneys Com-
plains of Enoch SteenEnoch Steen of a plea of trespass.
For that whereas heretofore to wit on the first day of November Eighteen hundred and forty
seven at Saint LouisSt Louis, at said County said
SteenSteen with force & arms an assault
made on said Plaintiff and then & there beat
and ill-treated her, and did then &
there imprison her said Plaintiff &
still over imprison her said plain-
tiff at said County contrary to law,
and against the mind & will of
said Plaintiff. And she the said
Plaintiff further avers that before &
at the time of the committing the above
mentioned grievances she was & still
is a free person, to wit at said County.
and she further avers that the said
Defendant did then & still does hold
her in slavery, to wit at said County
Contrary to law and against the will
of, & to the damage of said Plaintiff
of one hundred Dollars & therefore
she sues &c.

F. A. Dick
B Farrar


Plffs. Attys.

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In the St. LouisCircuit Court CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit CourtApril Term 1848

NancyNancy
vs
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

This is an action of trespass
Dam $ 100- The Clerk
will issue summons

F. A. Dick


B Farrar


Attys for Plff

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County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, Ss.

The State of MissouriMissouri,

To the Sheriff of St. Louis County, Greeting:

We command you To Summon Enoch SteenEnoch Steen
if he be found in Your County that
he be and appear
before the Judge of our Circuit CourtCircuit Court , on the first day of the next term therof, to be
held at the City of St. LouisCity of St Louis, within and for the County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, on the third Mon
day of April next, then and there to answer unto NancyNancy
of an action of Trespass.
to the damage of said plaintiff One Hundred
dollars: And have you then there this writ.

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Witness, John RulandJohn Ruland , Clerk of our said Court,
with the seal thereof hereto affixed, at office, in the
city of St. LouisSt Louis, this fifteenth day ofNovember in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and forty-seven

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland

Clerk.
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I acknowledge myself bound for all costs that may accrue in the above cause.
Witness my hand and seal, at St. LouisSt Louis, this day of 184

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Plea18 p 225. comes to Georgia & Alabama for deft.18p 232.Plea filed
for Ann Page co. deft. & special commision ordered on behalf plff18 p 265.
& contd 18 p 265.Interrog. 18 p 290Plea of Mrs. Page withdrawn18 p 462
sub to count. Plea of SteenSteen withdrawn. & by consent of parties verdict for plff. & dam
one cent. Judgt liberating plff. &c Judgt. v defs for Dam & costs Januy12 1849
19p6.

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No. 4

St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court

April Term 1848

NancyNancy
vs
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

Summons

Sct. for freedom Damz. $100

Dick & Farrar.


FiledNov 15th 1847

JnJohn Ruland RulandJohn Ruland Clerk

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Jury fund $2
1
by pltff $3
$158

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Executed this writ in the CountyCounty of Saint Louis of Saint LouisCounty of Saint Louis
on the 17th day of November 1847 by reading the writ
and by offering to read the declaration to [ Enoch SteenEnoch ]=
SteenEnoch Steen the defendent which he refused to hear

Fee. $1.00

Samuel ConwaySamuel Conway Sheriff


By John McClung Depty

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Enoch SteenEnoch Steen
ats
NancyNancy (of Color)

In the St LouisCircuit Court CircuitCircuit Court CourtCircuit Court
and the said defendant comes
and defends the demand of the plaintiff.

Ths. T. Gantt
Attorney

for Deft.
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Said attorney appears to Defend for Mrs. Ann Page
the owner of said NancyNancy who is a slave for life

Thos T. Gantt
p.d

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Filed May 2, 1848
Jn. RulandJohn Ruland clk
Withdrawn
Jn RulandJohn Ruland clk

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NancyNancy (of color)
vs
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

plea gen iple

T. T. Gantt. p.d.

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"Withdrawn"
WilsonWilson Primm clk

filed April 18th 1848

Jn RulandJohn Ruland clk

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NancyNancy
vs
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

In the Circuit CourtCircuit Court for the CountyCounty of St Louis
ofCounty of St Louis St. LouisCounty of St Louis State of MissouriMissouri.

To Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

You are hereby notified, that Depositions of Witnesses to be read in evidence in the above
cause, on the part of the Plaintiff will be taken at JeffersonJefferson Barracks
BarracksJefferson Barracks at the Quarters of H. Beckwith
ord. Sergeant
in the County ofCounty of St Louis St LouisCounty of St Louis and State ofMissouri MissouriMissouri on the 27th day of November 1847 between the hours of 8 o'clock in the forenoon, and 6 o'clock in the afternoon: and that the taking of said depositions, if not completed on that day, will be continued from that day to day at the same place and between the same hours, till completed.

St LouisSt LouisNovember 23d 1847

F. A. Dick &


B. Farrar


Attys
for Plff

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I hereby acknowledge to have received
service, of the written notice on the 23 day of November 1847.

attest


F.A. Dick


Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

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NancyNancy
vs
SteenSteen

Dep. notice

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Served the written notice
at Jeffferson Barracks in the
County of St. LouisCounty of St Louis, State ofMissouri MissouriMissouri by delivering a true Copy. Thereof
to Enoch SteenEnoch Steen the within
named defendant on the
23d of November 1847

H. Beckwith


Sworn to &subscribed before
me this 27th day of November 1847

J. C. DeCamp J.P


Carson deft St LouisSt Louis

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Deposition of Witnesses produced sworn
and Examined at the Quarters of H Beck-
with orderly sergeant at Jefferson BarracksJefferson Barracks
in the CountyCounty of St Louis ofCounty of St Louis St LouisCounty of St Louis and State ofMissouri
MissouriMissouri on the Twenty seventh day of November Eighteen hundred and forty seven between the hours of 8 o'clock in the forenoon & 6 o'clock in the afternoon to be used and read in
evidence in a certain cause now
pending in the StCircuit Court . Louis CircuitCircuit Court CourtCircuit Court
StateMissouri of MissouriMissouri Wherein one NancyNancy
is Plaintiff and Enoch SteenEnoch Steen is defen-
dant the same to be read in behalf of
said plaintiff according to the notice
hereunto attached these depositions
being taken before me JamesJames C. De
Camp an acting Justice of the Peace
within & for said County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
State ofMissouri MissouriMissouri.

The plaintff being present by her
attorney and the Defendant
being present in Person.

Bridget [ Padget ] of lawful age
being produced sworn & Examined
in the Part of the Plaintiff & says as follows.

I am acquainted with NancyNancy the
Plaintiff in this suit. I have known
her about thirteen years- She was
about fourteen or fifteen years old when
I firsy knew her. I first knew her
in the Creek Nation at fort MitchellMitchell
in AlabamaAlabama. She was then a girl
knocking around with the Indian
Squaws the same as any other wild
Indian not knowing much.

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She dressed Common like the Indians
Sometimes she would have a dress on
like the white persons. She usually
dressed like the Indians with a
shawl or Blanket around her-
this was until she learned a little
better she dressed like white people
after she had come amongst them
a good deal. She lived in
the Garrison about- when I seen
she used to be always amongst the
Indians. She used to come from &
go out to the Camp amongst the
Indians. Sometimes she used to
live amongst the Indans in their
Camp. She was as much like a
squaw as could be. I took her
for a half breed. She lived
amongst the Squaws as far as
I know. I I knew her there for two
or three years. during this two or
three years she always was living
with the Indians. She belonged
to the Creek Nation of Indians-
Fort MitchellFort Mitchell was situated
amongst the Creek Nation of Indians-
she ought to be amongst the white
people by being in the Garrison first
with one white woman & then another
She helped the white women
to wash. We all hired the Indian
Squaws to help us to wash. finally
NancyNancy got to staying in the Garrison
pretty much all the time. No
body at the time I first knew her had

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Charge of NancyNancy that I knew of. Her Mother
from amongst the Indians many a
time used to send into the Garrison
to get her out home into the Indian
Camp.She NancyNancy seemed fond of being
at the Garrison. There were plenty of
Indians around the Garrison. by
the Garrison FortFort Mitchell MitchellFort Mitchell . the Indians
were in & out there every day. I was
first there with NancyNancy for about three
years. than I went to TennesseeTennessee. I
[ staid ] in TennesseeTennessee about two years.
When I went back to Fort Mitchell
Nancy was still there. CaptainCaptain
Page was at Fort MitchellFort Mitchell on my
return to Fort Mitchell. Captain
Page was not at Fort MitchellFort Mitchell
during the three years I was first there
with NancyNancy . The first time I ever
saw him with NancyNancy was when I
went to Fort MitchellFort Mitchell from TennesseeTennessee.
I knew her there for three years before I
ever saw him there. I do not know
how NancyNancy came to live with CaptainCaptain
Page without she first got attached to him.
He is the sameCapt. Page formerly of the
4th Infantry- his first name I believe was
John. I do not know when it was first
knew that NancyNancy lived with CaptainCaptain
Page only I knew she was with him
when we went back to the Creek Nation
& she was there long before that. NancyNancy
is about I do not know how old. She is a
tall woman. she looks to be a half freed
she used to have Indian features.

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I am certain that thisNancyNancy now pres
sent at JeffersonJefferson Barrach is the same woman
I have been speaking of. I knew her as soon
as I saw her here. I am more than
forty years of age NancyNancy used some
times to work for me in the Creek Nation
before CaptainCaptain Page knew her. I used
to pay her hire myself & so did the
rest of them who hired her. She used
sometimes to wear blue & red
or fringe around the bottom of her
dress for ornament. She used also to
wear an Indian brooch & also silver
bracelets on her arms. She spoke the
Indian tongue & language to her
own folks. the general appearance
of Nancy's face is the same now that
it was then. NancyNancy has been lately
living in the room directly below
Captain Enoch Steen's quarters.

Sworn to and subscribed
before me the day and
year first above written.
Bridget her

X

mark [ Paget ]

H DeCamp JP.


St Louis County
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HenryHenry Beckwith of lawful age being
also produced sworn & examined
at the same time & place deposeth &
says as follows. I know NancyNancy the
Plaintiff. Also the defendant EnochEnoch Steen
SteenEnoch Steen . I knew Captain John Page
late of the 4th infantry very well
He brought NancyNancy to St LouisSt Louis.
I do not know whether or not she lived
with him as a slave. I always sup-
posed that that she was an Indian.I never
heard CaptainCaptain Page speak of her as a
slave. I knew him well from 1836
& lived with him here for about two
years during which time NancyNancy was
living with him. CaptainCaptain Page
when he went away to MexicoMexico in
1844 left her in my Change & told
me he did not require of her any
thing of the money she made. that
he supposed she could support herself
but if she could not supply her with
money & he would refund to me.
From the tenor of CaptainCaptain Page's
language I never thought he con-
sidered her as a Slave. From the
23rd of this month back for a
month NancyNancy was in the posses-
sion of Enoch SteenEnoch Steen this defen-
dant. She NancyNancy was under the
control of & in possession of said
SteenSteen at the time the original sum-
mons in this cause was served on
him. this I know of my own
knowledge, & also from having been

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told so by said SteenSteen . I Know that
NancyNancy is the same woman spoken
of by Bridget[ Padget ] in the depo-
sition given before this of mine-
NancyNancy is a very tall woman. Near
six feet in height she looks like
an Indian. She is a handsome
woman. I served the notice attached
to this deposition on Enoch SteenEnoch Steen
on the 23rd of this month at
Jefferson BarracksJefferson Barracks by delivering
him a copy of the same. the
notice was to take depositions
in this cause at this time & place.

H Beckwith


Sworn to and subscribed
before me this 27th day of November A. D. 1847

J.C. DeCamp


JP St LouisSt Louis Co Mo

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State of MissouriMissouri
ss
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

It is hereby certified that
on this TwentySeventh day of November 1847at JeffersonJefferson Barracks
BarracksJefferson Barracks at the Quarters of H. Beckwith ord. sergeant in the
CountyCounty of St Louis ofCounty of St Louis St. LouisCounty of St Louis and State of MissouriMissouri before me
JamesJames C. DeCamp an acting Justice of the
Peace duly commissioned and qualified
as such within & for said County of St LouisCounty of St Louis
in pursuance to the notice hereto attached
were produced sworn & examined Bridget
Padget and HenryHenry Beckwith who were then
& there between the hours of Eight O'clock in
the forenoon and six o'clock in the afternoon

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examined as to their knowledge concerning
matters of in controvery between NancyNancy
the plaintiff & Enoch SteenEnoch Steen defendant, and
their statements made on such examina-
tion were then & there in their presence reduced
to writing in mypresence, & to them read & by
them subscribed respectively and their
said depositions contained in the fore-
going pages are now herewith returned.

Given under my hand this 27th of November AD 1847

J>C. DeCamp2P.


St LouisSt Louis Co. MO:

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Recd Two50/100 for taking & certifying the
above depositions. Novr. 27 147

$2.50.

J.C.DeCamp J.P.

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1456-

.15
.25
1.40
$1.80

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No 4 April Term 1848

In the St Louis CircuitCircuit Court
CourtCircuit Court

NancyNancy
vs
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

Deposition for Plantiff

Opened & filed in open Court
April 29. 1848.

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland clk

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NancyNancy
vs
Enoch SteenEnoch Steen

In the St. Louis Circuit CourtCircuit Court
April Term 1848

Ann Page And now comes said Plaintiff
by her [ attornies ] and moves the Court in this cause
to grant a commission to take the Examina-
tion of witnesses on behalf of the Plaintiff, ad-
dressed to S. J. Moore assistant surgeon
in the U. S. Army, Point Isabel Texas.

F. A. Dick


BenBen Farrar . FarrarBen Farrar


Plff. Attys.

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State of MissouriMissouri
County of St LouisCounty of St Louis

Before the undersigned on
this 1st day of AprilMay 1848 Came F. AF A Dick . DickF A Dick who
being by me sworn in his oath says, that from
such information as he possesses he believes
that is is important for the plaintiff in this cause
to have on the trial the testimony of a witness
residing at Point Isabel, Texas, & that without
such testimony she cannot safely go to trial-
also, that he is informed that the plaintiff in this suit is at this
time so unwell as to be unable to leave
her room, so that she cannot appear before
a magistrate or other officer to make the aff-
davit
in this behalf required, nor is there any
magistrate residing at Jefferson BarracksJefferson Barracks the
place of residence of this plaintiff.

F. AF A Dick . DickF A Dick


Subscribed & sworn to
before me this 1stMay 1848

Jn RulandJohn Ruland clk

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Circuit CourtCircuit Court

NancyNancy
vs
EnochEnoch Steen SteenEnoch Steen

Motion & affidavit
for Special Commission
to take testimony

FiledMay 2 1848

Jno. RulandJohn Ruland clk

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NancyNancy vsEnochEnoch Steen SteenEnoch Steen
Ann Page

In the St. LouisSt LouisCirciut
Court April Term 1848

And now comes said Plain-tiff by her [ attornies ] and files the following
interrogatories to be propounded to witnesses
examined under Commission issued from
this Court dated May 5th, 1848

1st Do you know a certain part-Indian woman
who goes by the name of NancyNancy or NancyNancy
Page?

2d If you say that you do know her state
how long you have known her, about
how old she was when you first knew
her?

3d Where was it that you fist saw her?

4th Amongst what people was she living
when you fist saw her?

5th What language did she speak, & if
more than one state what they were?

6th How did she then dress, and were
her habits & manners those of the
whites?

7th Did NancyNancy ever live with you, if she
did when & where, & from where did
you get her?

9 Did you know the Mother of NancyNancy ?

10 Did you know her Grand-Mother?

11 To what nation or people did her Mother
belong?

12 To what nation or people did her
Grandmother belong?

13 Was her Grandmother a full blood
woman, & if so full blood of what people or nation?

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14 Did you know Nancy's Uncle, & who
was he?

15 Where did you last see NancyNancy ?

16 With whom was she living when
you last saw her?

17 Did you ever know her to have lived
with an officer in the United StatesUnited States.
Army; if so who was the officer? give
his full name if you know it.

18 If you state that she lived with
an officer, state whether he is now
living or dead?

19 State any other matter or thing known
to you, about which you have not been
particularly interrogated, material for,
the interest of the plaintiff in this suit.

F. AF A Dick DickF A Dick atty

for

BenBen Farrar .FarrarBen Farrar Plff.

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Cross interogatories propounded by Thos T. Gantt. of
Counsel for defendant

1°, State what means you have, besided rumour and
hearsay, of knowing any thing of the birth parentage
and genealogy of ofNancyNancy ?

2° State whether you know more than one Indian or
part Indian or
part Indian woman, by the name of NancyNancy ?

3° State whether you lived in the neighborhood
of
Nancy's parents at the time of her birth?

4° If you answer the ninth, tenth, Eleventh, twelfth
& thirteenth interrogatories in chief affirmatively, and say
that you did know the person therein indicated and

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their nation, state particularly and fully what means
you have of being so acquainted with their origin
and genealogy, and why you entertain with any con-
fidnece, an opinion of the purity of their strain
or breed?

5°. State whether NancyNancy was not claimed as the
slave for life of CaptainCaptain Page late of the United StatesUnited States
Army.?

6°. State whatever else you may know pertinent
to the issue in this cause.

Tho T Gantt


Atty for Mrs Page admitted.
&c and Enoch SteenEnoch Steen .

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NancyNancy vsSteenSteen

FiledMay 10 1848

Jn. RulandJohn Ruland clk

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p2 290 Clk for copy of the within 50 Cents furnished Atty Dick