Green's St. Louis directory :
Preface.
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The Saint Louis Directory for the year 1845, the first publication
of the kind by the present compiler, (whether it shall prove the last or
not,) is now offered to the public as the fruit of much labor and care.
To render it as perfect as possible, every house in the city has been vis-
ited, where streets and avenues were traceable by means of index boards,
or their names were satisfactorily ascertainable from tradition; and where
the requisite information could not be obtained on the first call, many
houses have been visited twice, thrice, or oftener, for that purpose. The
names have been taken with all the care such an undertaking would per-
mit; and every precaution has been taken to render this what a Direc-
tory ought to be—afull and correct general index to the localities of the
entire population of the city.

As this is my first effort of the kind, it would be marvellous indeed if
it did not prove defective to some extent, at least. When I embarked in
this enterprise, I believed myself to posses as good an intuitive, or in-
stinctive Knowledge of the business of directory compiling as any other;
but I soon discovered that I had much to learn, with no other instructor at
hand than Experience. If, however, I had the same work to do again, with
the Knowledge I have already acquired, I doubt not but that such work
would prove materially more perfect than the present. But, as I have
a few other subjects to touch upon in the course of these introductory
observations, I will here, and at once, discuss, explain, palliate, justify,
and finally dispose of the imperfections of this, my humble, unpretending
production, as briefly as possible, and then submit its fate to the ordeal
of public opinion.

In the course of my passage through this city, I encountered a rabble
of philosophers and wise men, who knew all, and a great deal more than
all, about dierectory-making, but unfortunately for me, no two of them
knew any thing alike; consequently, I was unable to compound, from
their joint and aggregate knowledge, any thing like an infallible system.
This was a source of great embarrasment, perplexity, disquietude and
discouragement to me, insomuch, that on numerous occasions, and even
after I had made considerable advance in the canvassing, I was tempted
to abandon the work in despair of giving any thing like a reasonable pub-
lic satisfaction. Most opportunely for my comfort and encouragement,
however, I met with one man, who had visted all the principal cities of
Great Britain, Continental Europe, and the United States, and conse-

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quently knew more than all the rest together, and he had Never Vet Seen
a good Derectory. This was "as water to a thirsty soul." Animation,
before almost suspended, was now restored—my spirits revived—my
energies returned—and I determined to persevere to the end; and if I
must needs suffer immolation, impalement, tortures, racks and thumb-
screws, and all that, I felt content to suffer in such company as the Long-
worths, the M’Elroys, the Cists, and other veteran directory compilers
of our own country, who had once to learn as well as myself, and even
yet have not been able to stop the months of the two-penny critics.

Two main ingredients enter into the composition of a perfect directory
—the inclusion of all the names, and their location in their proper
places of business or residence. As regards the latter, I believe there
will be extremely small occasion for fault-finding furnished in the follow-
ing pages.

With respect to the former, there are three ways in which it may be
impossible to get all the names—first, by finding no person at home, to
furnish the requisite information, nor any one adjacent to furnish the
same satisfactorily: secondly, by removals from parts of the city over
which I had not passed, to parts of the city over which I had passed: and,
thirdly, by the squeamish withholdment of the name desired, on account
of the indulgence of a morbid sense of mock-dignity on the part of the
person applied to. I know there are a few names in this city which will
not appear in this work, and to the above causes, exclusively, may their
omissions be attributed. One evidence that there cannot be many names
omitted, is the fact, that the following alphabetical list contains about
eighteen hundred more names than there were votes polled in this city at
the late presidential election, where, no doubt, all the legal voters of the
city, and many from the county, voted, if not, withal, many who were not
entitled to a vote.

As to those who have changed their places of business or residence
since I took their names, and they have not furnished me with notice of
such change, I hope they will be a little modest in censuring me for not
making the necessary corrections, without such notice. I have made
many corrections myself, where I knew such changes to have taken
place.

The re-numbering of the city will now receive a moment’s attention,
as that, no doubt, will furnish grounds for charitable stricture by those
who appear to have been sent into the world for no other purpose than
to watch and govern its motions.

I commenced canvassing, for this work, on the 27th of May. Between
that day and the first of June, I was informed taht an ordinance had been
passed for re-numbering the houses of the city. Upon inquiry, I also
ascertained, officially, that the contract for ddoing the same had been en-
tered into, and that the work was to be completed by the 6th of July. On
the first of June, therefore, I suspended operations, intending to await
the commencement of the numbering, and then to follow on after the

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numberers, as fast as they progressed. In this way, I waited till the 8th of July, which was after the time the numbering was to have been com-
pleted, and yet it was not then commenced!—the numbering not being
commenced at the time it ought to have been completed: from such pre-
mises, I was utterly nuable to make deduction when it would be com-
menced. This might be to-morrow; and then again it might not be
until some time near "the latter Lammas," that is to say—never. I ac-
cordingly recommenced canvassing, on the day above named, by taking
down the locations of individuals and firms, in the manner exhibited in
the following pages, which was the best that could have been adopted in
the absence of numbers, and finished during the second week of Septem-
ber. I never learnt on what day the numbering was either commenced
or completed, but my impression is, that the former was about the mid-
dle of August, and the latter about the middle of November. This I
know, however, that Carr-street, on the north of Market, was numbered
on the 5th, and Elm, on the south, on the 28th of October. If the streets
on the south of, and parallel with Elm, were numbered afterwards, the
work could not have been completed previous to the middle of Novem-
ber. This would have been rather long for me to have waited, for I
could not have taken account of the last number until it had been put
up—which was, probably, more than two months after I had finished
canvassing; and, even after that, I would have had a considerable part
of the city to have passed through, as the whole of the city is not num-
bered, and it was impossible for me to know where, on any particular
street, the numbering would be discontinued, or what streets would not
be numbered at all. I had, therefore, to pass along the principal streets,
(Market, and the business part of the streets north of Market,) a second
time, and took down the numbers which I have, being those of business
stands, and of such residences as I knew the names of the occupants.
This, together with the corrections thereby rendered necessary to the
original entries, took from three to four weeks more of my time, so that,
between the commencement and completion of my canvassing, I may be
said to have lost at least two months of time, occasioned by the re-num-
bering. These facts I state, merely as defensory of myself; at the same
time, disclaiming all, and every thing, savoring of censure upon the con-
tractor, as I have understood, unofficially, that he had his time for com-
pleting the work extended once or oftener.

But where no numbers are herein expressed, the direction is invaria-
ply so definite and plain, as to lead enquirer at once, if not to the
very door, at least to within a very few doors, of the place desired to be
found. A person residing, or doing business on a corner, the particular
corner is always designated, by the abbreviations ne, se, nw, sw, that is,
north-east, north-west, &c. And any person located between corners, is
designated by the particular side of the street occupied, by the abbrevia-
tions es, ws, ns, ss, for east side, west side, &c.; and by the bearing of
the location from the next street running cross-wise, as, "ns (northside)

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of Morgan, w (west) of Sixth." Thus, the corners being deducted from
the front of a block the length of fron between the corners not being
great, and the side of the street being defined, the enquirer arrives, with-
out difficulty, at within a few dorrs of the one sought, and a single
enquiry does the rest. The city of Cincinnati, now estimated to contain
90,000 inhabitants, has not a single door nambered within it: yet, in a less
explicit form have a directories of that city been annually made, and liber-
ally patronized, for many years past. The directory for that city for 1843
contain no less than 345 business cards!

Something has been said about the length of time this publication has
been forthcoming. Upon this point, I would briefly say, that the time
I have unavoidably lost, from the causes already mentioned, has been
about two months: had it not been for which, it would have been out
about the 20th of October; and, considering that I lost about five weeks
of this time at my very out-set, it may be considered that I did not actual-
ly begin until the 8th of July.

The preceding furnishes my explanation - apology-defence-Justifi
cation, for the time occupied in the getting out of this book, and for the
omission of a part of the numbers, and the unavoidablility of the omis-
sion; and with the charitable, I trust it will prove sufficient, especially as
but a part of the city is numbered after all. But, be the defects and im-
perfections of this work what they may, whether few or many, small or
great, it will nevertheless, be immensely useful, and will often be referred
to by many who ougth to purchase a copy, but who, to save the enormous
sum of one hundred cents, will most honorably avail themselves of their
neighbors’ generosity!

A Directory of Streets and Avenues herein contained, and for the first
time published in a Directory of this city, will prove hightly useful, not
only to strangers, but to citizens also.

If a Directory is of any use, never did a city of thirty-five thousand
inhabitants stand in greater need than St. Louis does at the present time.
By an estimate, based upon an analysis of a part of the last Directory,
and a comparison of the same with the corresponding part of this, at least
one-third of the names of individuals and firms contained in the last are
no longer here; a greater number take their place in the present Direc-
tory; and of those names which are contained in both, a very large pro-
portion, perhaps fully one-half, have changed their locations since the
last Directory was canvassed for, which was in the winter of 1841-42.
Owing to the fluctuation of population, a Directory of this city ought to
be made out at least every year, and then the names inserted ought to be
confined to persons indentified with the interest of the place, by a house-
hold or business tenure, as is the case in eastern cities. In getting up
this Directory, I have to an extent and to a greater than I would again,
adopted the last Directory as a precedent, by inserting the names of non-
housekeepers and non-business proprietors; such as single clerks, jour-
neymen, & c. Nearly all, in the last Directory, who are now absent, are

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of those classes; and all the use there is in inserting their names is, the
enlargement of a book, at additional expense, and for no other purpose
than to porclaim the fact, that, in times past, such persons have actually
resided or sojourned in St. Louis. I mention this now, because it was my
intention, when I embarked in this undertaking, to make its repetition a
regular annual business, provided my present effort should render such
general satisfaction as to afford me sufficient encouragement. Therefore,
if I ever do undertake the publication of another Directory, I will con-
fine the work solely to the names of persons in some sort anchored to the
place by a hosehold or business tenure.

It was my intention to have comprised within this publication a mass
of local statistical matter, manufacturing, commercial, and miscellaneous,
which, though not technically entering into the composition of such a
work, might yet very properly be inserted therein; but in the loss of time
before mentioned has prevented me from doing this. The same cause
has prevented me from procuring, by personal applicaton to the proper
persons, abstracts of the chartered and uncharted organized institu-
tions, associations, and compaines; such as Masons, Oddfellows, Mili-
tary, Benevolent, &c. Some of them have been voluntarily furnished and
inserted, but the rest are omitted through no fault of mine, as I have made
several calls for them through the public prints. I propose to myself to
furnish something of these kinds in the spring, in connection with a
comprehensive Business Directory, at a cheap, rate, accompanied by
a map of the city, the most accurate, and the only accurate one that will
then be extant; and until it shall appear, if it shall appear, ther neither
is, nor will be, any other such.

With respect to our local history-that having been already twice
given, first by Mr. Keemle, , up to 1838, and afterward by Mr. Cham-, , one of the publisher of the last Directory, up to 1842—its repeti-
tion here would be utterly superfluous. Our subsequent history is the
two or three years’ history of the steady, noiseless, but rapid growth of
an infant city, as to years, but of gigantie stature as to dimensions and
enterprise. It is a trite saying, "that it is the country that makes the
town"— which signifies, that without a dense circumjacent country pop-
ulation, a town can never attain to any thing like distinction. The case
of St. Louis, to a material extent, is an exception to this proverb. Saint
Louis, it is true, is the great commercial mart of almost half a conti-
nent, (calling North America alone a continent,) but this half a continent
is as yet, comparatively in a wilderness state. Without the advantages
of a dense surrounding "country" population, St. Louis has augmented
from a town of about 5,000 inhabitants in 1830, to a city of 35,000 in
1844— an aggregate increase of 560 per cent. on the former population,
in the short space of fourteen years. If such be the case then, when
the country does not, what is to be her destiny when the country shall,
contribute its mite towards making the town? What is to be her destiny
when Missouri and Illinois become to her (and which cannot be long

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hence) what Ohio and Kentucky are to Cincinnati?—or rather, what may
we not expect to find her, when Missouri and Illinois shall contain their
millions each, the present territories now tributary to her shall contain
their millions, and the territories yet unorganized and unnamed, stretch-
ing from the western boundaries of Arkansas, Missouri, and Iowa, to the
great Pacific, which will be equally tributary, shall contain their mil-
lions? Without presuming to prophecy, would it be preposterous to pre-
dict, taking the past and the present as data from which to calculate the
future, that by the time "this generation shall pass away," St. Louis
will not be behind the then existing city of the third magnitude in the
Union? Let me here, then, hazard the prediction, that before the lapse
of time ordinarily allotted to one generation—about thirty-five years,
(or up to 1380) St. Louis will be surpassed only by New York and New
Orleans. In 1813, Cincinnati was estimated to contain 60,000 inhabit-
ants, and that in 1850 it would reach 125,000. the natural advantages
of Saint Louis Far surpass those of Cincinnati. The scope of country
dependant on Saint Louis far exceeds that dependant on Cincinnati,
and in a brief period the extraneous population dependant on the for-
mer will exceed, manifold, that dependant on the latter. All that Saint
Louis asks, by way of auxiliary—and it is what the whole West de-
mands, and in time will have—is, the fostering care of a kindly general
government, such as will give to all, navigable streams and good harbors.

In common with other cities, ours has come in for a share of the
embarrassment and paralysis so universal throughout the whole length
and breadth of our country, in its business operations, though not to so
great an extent as in many, or most other cities; but she is now rapidly
recovering her lost ground. The hum of business has revived—population
and capital are pouring in uponj us like a flood—manufacturing estab-
lishments are springing up in all directions, and the mechanical classes
are extending their borders in a corresponding ratio; and as to the
mechanical and manufacturing products of our city, they have taken the
exclusive place of those of other distant manufacturing cities, to which
we, and the country around us, used to look for supply. In short, the
products of our mechanics and manufacturers, in effect, almost form a
chevaux de frize across the Mississippi at the lower end of our wharf, with
respect to the important ef distant manufactures. Steam-enginery, all
sorts of machinery, carriages, agricultural implements, household furni-
ture—in fact, all articles of luxury, comfort, convenience, and necessity,
are now manufactured here in the mostelegant and substantial manner,
and in such abundance as to supply the demands of the city and country
around, to an immense extent; insomuch, that this is no longer a place of
consignment, as formerly, for the sale of the sale of the manufactures of other places,
sent here to find a market, but a place of production, for the supply of
other distnat markets. Many mechanics who left the city during the
late pressure have returned, declaring this to be the best place they could
find. Before the publication of another Directory of this city, we hope

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to welcome the return of many more of those wanderers from us, and to
renew a more durable acquaintance with them.

With respect to the mercantile business of this city, without speaking
advisedly upon the subject, I would say, that from three-fourths to seven-
eighths of the consumption of Missouri and Iowa, and those parts of Illinois
and Wisconsin finding an outlet by the Mississippi, are furnished by our
wholesale merchants; and of our commission and forwarding houses, it may
be said, that they are either the purchasers of the staple commodities of
the same vast region of country, or the factors through whose hands the
same pass.

The private and public improvements of our city, put up or finished the
present season, without knowing positively, I believe to exceed that of
any previous season, although greatly impeded by the late unprecedented
freshet in the Mississippi, by which nearly all the wood along our river
coast, which furnishes our brickmaker,s was carried off, and the sand used
for building was so submerged, that, for a long time, there was none to be
procured: nevertheless, among the public buildings put up this season, or
finished which had been previously commenced, may be numbered—one
Baptist, four Catholic, three Methodist nd two Presbyterian chruches, all
of which, while they are spacious, comfortable, and substantial, possess the
rare merit of having nothing gaudy about them. Under this head may be
mentioned the completion of the previously unfinished part of the new
Court-house, so far as it had been commenced. The north, south and west
wings of that stately edifice are now completed, and present an appear-
ance, both without and within, which for arrangement, taste and execu-
tion, does honor to our architects and mechanics, and no less to our County
Court for public spirit. The east wing, it is said, will be commenced at
an early period; and the whole, when finished, will present an appear-
ance which, as a public ornament, will hardly be surpassed by any thing
of the kind in the West, even if in the East.

Among the products of private enterprise, in this city, are several of re-
cent date, which, for magnitude, may be ranked among those of a public
character; and, prominent among these, stand the two substantial and
capacious brick Tobacco Warehouses of Col; Joshua B.Brant, . And we
are gratified to know, that with Inspectors unsurpassed inj professional
knowledge, stern integrity, and a wide-extended celebrity, those ware-
houses are patronized to an extent commensurate with the public spirit
of the proprietor, and the moral and professional worth of the officers con-
nected therewith. Since their erection, the following inspections have
been made at those warehouses;—415 hhds in 1841; 1,750, in 1842; 6,847,
in 1843, and 3,303 in 1844; showing a rapid annual increase until the pre-
sent year, which has been cut short only by the failure of the crop of 1843.
The average price of certain fifty bogheads of tobacco, inspected and sold
at those warehouses the present season, is $6 18 per hundred.

There are many other prominent establishments in this city no less de-
serving of notice here, but for want of the necessary information respecting
which I am compelled to defer them for the present. Ample justice will
be done them in my (at present contemplated) Busniess Directory of the
city.

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Our Water Works, which for many years furnished an ample supply of
water for all domestic and manufacturing purposes, and which, at first,
it was supposed would have sufficed for a much longer period than to the
present time, have proven deficient. The reservoir is at present undergo-
ing enlargement; but even now, when completed, can serve but a few
years longer, when it must be caste aside, as insusceptible of farther en-
largement. A new reservoir, therefore, must sooner or latter be erected, on
a different site; and, in the mean time, it might not prove to be the most
preposterous act ever perceptrated, were our city legislature to order a re-
connoissanceof the country between this city and the Merrimac, to ascer-
tain the practicability, and, if practicable, the expense, of procuring a
supply of water from that river. This idea is suggested merely as ``a word
to the wise.’’

Like every other thrifty infant community, we, too, have our privations,
among which, that of not having our streets lighted with gas is severely
felt; but this desideratum we look forwared to with confidence in the course
of a very few years.

It is impossible for me even to allude to, much less to dwell at length
upon, all the subjectsw of ordinary and extraordinary public moment, with
respect to our city; but there is one of a rather melancholy character which
I would here advert to as matter of general history, in which that of St.
Louis is involved to a certain extent; and this I attempt, because no other,
that I am aware of, has yet undertaken the same. I hope this attempt may
operate as an incentive to some one more competent that I am, and whose
information is more ample than mine is, to undertake and complete it.
This is with reference to the recent flood.

In common with all the alluvian portion of the country watered by the
Mississippi, the Missouri, and their tributaries, St. Louis has come in for a
portion of the damage, though not of the devastation, occasioned by the late
unprecedented freshet in those rivers. The extent of damage sustained
along the entire length of those streams is above computation. The high-
est estimate might not approach within millions of dollars of the actual loss sustained by all the sufferers. The oldest inhabitant can recollect nothing
of the kind comparable with it. The greatest previous freshet upon record,
or of which any traces remain, presents a mere contrast, instead of a com-
parison. That was in 1785, which, according to existing land-marks and
authentic records still in preservation, the recent freshet exceeded by
about seven feet. This is ascertained by land-marks at St. Geneviere,
and the records of the Catholic literary institition at Kaskaskia. Here, it
covrede the ``American Bottom,’’ In Illinois, opposite this city, fully to he
above average depth; insomuch, that the Iola and New Haven steamboats
plied regularly, daily, for weeks, between this city and ``The Bluffs,’’ in
Illinois, at the eastern extremily of the ``Bottom,’’ a distance of eight miles
from the river, and where the great mail from Louisville came in contact
with the flood. Their business was, the conveyance of the mail, travelers,
and people attending our market. We have head of some, and doubt not
that many human lives were lost; much live stock is known certainly to
have been lost; and of household effects, and the remaining agricultural
products of the previous season, it is equally well known that comparative-

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ly nothing was saved. One incident, of which we have heard as having
occurred in the ``American Bottom,’’ is worthy of note. There is a knoll
or rising ground in the ``Bottom,’’ to which, as the water rose, the stock of
the neighborhood instinctively restored for security. It was soon densely
populated; and as the water rose higher and higher, and the solid terra
firma disappeared beneath, this population became more and more dense,
in consequence of the diminution of the space occupied by them. At length
the knoll became so nearly covered that there was not room for all, and the
smaller animals first, and afterwards the larger, were compelled to com-
mit themselves ``to he mercy of a rule stream,’’ that bore them forever
away from human sight.

In this distressing exigency, hundreds of families fled to this place, per-
fectly destitute, as to ``a city of refuge.’’ Here, all the comfort and relief
was administered that could, be, and our philanthropic and humane citi-
zens appered to vie with end emulate each other, as to who of them, who
could, should do the most. There rich ``cast in of their abundance,’’ and
the ``Poor widow her two mites’;; and if the sufferers have not been re-
sotred to thei previous condition, it is more attributable to the inadequacy
of finite means, thatn to the lack of proper disposition.

I would that I could here do that honor to the meritorious, individually,
which the mere mention of their names would confer; but that is imprac-
ticable, as aI neither know all their names, nor would I have room for them
i I did know them. The ladies, like those of old, of whom it is honorably
recorded, were

``Last at the cross, earliest at the grave,’’

on this occasion, too, signally distinguished themselves by their incessant
devotion to the cause of destitute and suffering humanity. But, while I
cannot do justice to all, for the reason just mentioned, I fell imperiously
called upon to make individual mention of the name of our worthy Mayor ,
Hon. BernardPratte, , for the part he performed, both personally and
officially, in ministering to the wants of the destitute: and our medical
corps will never experience the pangs of remorse, or disturbed slumbers, on
account of the many, and, in some cases, the long continued, gratuitous pro
fessional services rendered to the sufferers, from disease induced by anx-
iety, exposure, and privations.

The injury sustianed by St. Louis, from this calamity, is more consequen-
tial than immediate. The loss sustained by damage and property, floated
off was considerable, but the rout and discomfiture which the inhabitants
of the lower part of the city sustained, was more serious, as being of circum-
stances less able to sustain them. Most of the inhabitants east of Carondelet-
avenue were compelled to decamp; also, along Front street, the whole length
of the city above Carondelet-avenue, and part of the south First and Sec-
ond streets. These were driven from thei houses, but, unlike the country
people, they had the facilities at hand for saving their effects, and return-
ing to their homes when the ``waters were abated.’’

These may be considered as the immediate effects of the flood; the conse-
quenial consists in the check which it gave to business generally. Occur-
ring in, and continuing throughout the most active business season of the
year, (the mohth of June) the effect was, the rendering it a perfect blank

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page in the book of commercial transactions. Superadded to this, the cir
cumstance of the carrying away by the flood of all the wood along our river
coast, from which we were wont to procure supply for the burning of brick,
and the submerging of the sand used for mortar, in building, have prevent-ed the erection of, perhaps, hundreds of houses that otherwise would have
been erected, and cut off employment from thousands of workmen that
otherwise would have found employment.

The area of territolry inundated above St. Louis, and of which St. Louis is
the commercial metropolis, if compacted within one common boundary,
would fall little short of that of one of our medium-sized States. The loss
of personal property within the same, was of itself immense in value; but
even this was comparatively trivial, when compared with that of the accu-
mulated freehold improvement of years previous, which were also lost
together with the entire present year’s crop. All this was not only the
immediate loss of the farmer, and of the country also, but consequentially of
the St. Louis merchant, as the purchaser,or agent, of the producer.

A monument, commemorative of this great public, semi-national calami-
ty, has been erected at the city expense, in front of the Centre Market,
with the height to which the water rose inscribed upon it. In the base of
the column is deposited a manuscript document, writteb by Dr. C.Pres-, , of this city, containing a detailed account, or journal, of the rise and
fall of the river, and with which he has kindly favored me with a copy,
which, with pleasure, I append to this article. It contains a mass of statis-
tical matter, notices of institutions, of local improvements, public and pri-
vate, and much other matter o public interest. I had prepared many
notices, on the same subjects, for insertion herein; but as they are all in-
cluded in the document furnished by Dr. P., , the corresponding ones of
my own compilation are consequently omitted.

The idea of saying a word with respect to the general health of this city,
has been suggested by the accidently geting hold of a late number of
the ``Boston Medical and Surgical Journal,’’ which contains an interesting
article upon the subject of ``Mortality among Children in St. Louis,’’ con-
densed form a more voluminous article from the pen of Dr. V. J.Fourgeaud, ,
of the city, and originally pyblished in the ``Saint Louis Medical and Sur-
gical Journal.’’ Without the consent or privity of Dr. F., , I hereto append the Boston article also, as one of public interest. In addition thereto, I will only
add, that such a thing as a localk, or periodical epidemic, is unknown here,
and that the general health of this city is not surpassed by that of any other
of equal population in the east or north.

In conclusion: I would here call the attention of the reader to the map of
the city of St. Louis, as it hangs upon the wall, and ask him if he ever be-
held a model of the hull of a steamboat of much perfect proportions,
drawn by the hands of the architect, than that map presents. That map,
the product of the joint action of nature and legislation, is the de facto min-
ature representation of a craft of stupendous dimensions,—no less than five
miles in length, and proportionate depth of hold, and which is now ini actual
process of construction, in the county of St. Louis, and State of Missouri.
The keel and stem post, (or eastern and north-eastern boundary,) consisting
of one continuous, connected piece of material, was got out, furnished on

Preface xiii
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the ground, and placed upon the blocks, by DameNature, herself; and are of
such durable, imperishable, indestructible material, as to be considered by
many to be of co-extensive duration with time itself, and to require no in-
surance. The stern-post and deck, (or southern and western boundaries,)
were furnished, erected, and placed in their positions by ``the multitude of
counsellos’’ in legislature assembled, and are considered little, if any, more
liable to dilapidation and decay, than the part furnished by Nature, The
latter is, as yet, considered rather incomplete, in that it lacks a rubber in
the south, and cabin, flue-pipes, masts and rigging on the west; but these
can, and are to be supplied when the hull is completed. Beside a freight
of incalculable, inconveivable amount, which he hold is capable of contain-
ing, the cabins and state-rooms, according to the plan, are calculated, when
finished, for the comfortable accommodation of least 500,000 cabin pas-
sengers, together with an abundant space for the accommodation of all the
officers, firemen, seamen, deck-hands, and any number of deck passengers.
The commencement of construction is of but recent date; but already no
less than 85,000 workmen are employed upon the hull; and the contractors
have advertised for more help, which is pouring in daily and hourly. At
least ten times as many hands as are now employed—or 350,000, it is estima-
ted, will actually be employed, all at the same time, before it is completed,
which, from the present time, will be within one-third of the time the ark
was building, which was a pefect child’s toy in the comparison. When
completed, it is destined to do a business commensurate with its vast di-
mensions and capacity; to traverse all seas, by proxy, from China, (by way
of the Pacific) in the west, to the Levant in he east, and from the Arctic to
the Antarctic Circles. But as no country could furnish fuel sufficient for the
propulsion, by steam-power, of a craft of such huge dimensions, even if old
Aeolus himself could furnish blast enough to fill its sails, yet will she be full
rigged, as if for sea, with enginery, masts, &c., but still lie at anchor in the
port where she is now being constructed, and carry on her immense com-
meerce by means of her hundreds of long-boats, yawls, jolly-boats, and ten-
ders, which will navigate all the oceans, seas, gulfs, bays, friths, straits,
rivers and estuaries of the vast globe, and bring and trans-ship to her, as
she lies at anchor in port, of all the rich products and fabrics of all countries
and climes. The intention of the proprietors of this vessel is, to render it
the tunnel, the grand focus, through which most of the commerce carried
on between all surrounding points shall pass. May thei enterprise and
public spirit be crowned with the most signal success! and of that success,
with Father Paul, let every one say—``Esto perpetua.’’

I had almost forgot to mention, that this vessel has been already named, the ``Saint Louis.’’

Finally, fellow workmen upon this immense steamboat—having finished
the job upon it which I had contracted for, (to form the list of the crew and
passengers, and note the respective avocations of each on board) I must
take leave of absence for a season—at least, until I can ascertain how
my performance is appreciated. If approved by you, I shall in due season
apply for a similar job; if disapproved of, I will never trouble you

xiv Preface.
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again in the way. The best evidence of your approval will be in the
manifestationo f a spirit of competition and monopoly among yourselves,
who, of you all, shall become possessed of a copy of this, my dedication of
the result of my labors—which, as Alexander bequeathed his empire, so
I dedicated, "To The Most Worthy;" and who are the most worthy, I leave
to every man to judge for himself.

The Compiler