vernment whenever it may be necessary to their safety and happi-
3. That the people have the right peaceably to assemble for their
common good, and to apply to those vested with the powers of go-
vernment for redress of grievances, by petition or remonstrance: and
that their right to bear arms in defence of themselves and of the state
cannot be questioned.
4. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship
Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences;
that no man can be compelled to erect, support or attend any place
of worship, or to maintain any minister of the gospel or teacher of re-
ligion; that no human authority can controul or interfere with the
rights of conscience: that no person can ever be hurt, molested or
restrained in his religions profession or sentiments, if he do not
disturb others in their religious worship.
5. That no person on account of his religious opinions, can be
rendered ineligible to any office of trust or profit under this state;
that no preference can ever be given by law to any sect or mode of
worship; and that no religious corporation can ever be established
in this state.
6. That all elections shall be free and equal.
7. That courts of justice ought to be open o every person, and
certain remedy afforded for every injury to person, properly or cha-
racter; and that right and justice ought to be administered without
sale, denial or delay; and that no private properly ought to be taken
or applied to public use without just compensation.
8. That the right of trial by jury shall renisin inviolate.
9. That in all criminal prosecutions, the accused has the right to
be heard by himself and his counsel; to demand the nature and
cause of accusation; to have compulsory process for witnesses in his
favor: to meet the witnesses against him face to face; and, in pro-
secutions on presentment or indictment, to a speedy tria by an im-
partial jury of the vicinage; that the accused cannot be compelled to
give evidence against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or pro-
perty but by the judgment of his peers or the law of land.
10. That no person, after having been once acquitted by a jury,
can, for the same offence, be again put in jeopardy of life or limb,
but if in any criminal prosecution the jury be divided in opinion at
the end of the term, the court before which the trial shall be had, may
in its discretion, discharge the jury, and commit or bail the accused
for trial at the next term of such court.
11. That all persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, ex-
cept for capital offences when the proof is evident or the presumption
great; and the privilege of the writ of Habeas Corpus cannot be
suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public
safety may require it.
12. That excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted
13. That the people ought to be secure in their persons, papers,
houses and effects from unreasonable searches and seizures; and no
warrant to search any place or to seize any person or thing can is-