sue, without describing the place to be searched, or the person or
thing to be seized, as nearly as may be, nor without probable cause
supported by oath or affirmation.
14. That no person can for an indictable offence, be proceeded
against criminally by information, except in cases arising in the land
or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in time of
war or public danger, or by leave of the court for oppression or mis-
demeanor in office.
15. That treason against the state can consist only in levying war
against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort;
that no person can be convicted of treason unless on the testimony
of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on his own confession in
open court; that no person can be attainted of treason or felony by
the general assembly; that no conviction can work corruption of
blood or forfeiture of estate; that the estates of such persons as may
destroy their own lives shall descend or vest as in cases of natural
death; and when any person shall be killed by casually there ought
to be no forfeiture by reason thereof.
16. That the free communication of thoughts and opinions is one
of the invaluable rights of man, and that every person may freely
speak, write and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse
of that liberty; that in all prosecutions for libels, the truth thereof may
be given in evidence, and the jury may determine the law and the
facts, under the direction of the court.
17. That no ex-post facto law, nor law impairing the obligation of
contracts, or retrospective in its operation, can be passed, nor can
the person of a debtor be imprisoned for debt after he shall have sur-
rendered his property for the benefit of his creditors, in such manner
as may be prescribed by law.
18 That no person who is religiously scrupulous of bearing arms,
can be compelled to do so, but may be compelled to pay an equiva-
lent for military service, in such manner as shall be prescribed by
law; and that no priest, preacher of the gospel, or teacher of any re-
ligions persuasion or sect, regularly ordained as such, be subject to
militia duty, or compelled to bear arms.
19. That all property subject to taxation in this state shall be
taxed in proportion to its value.
20. That no title of nobility, hereditary emolument, privilege or
distinction shall be granted, nor any office created the duration of
which shall be longer than the good behaviour of the officer appoint-
ed to fill the same.
21. That migration from this state cannot be prohibited.
22. That the military is, and in all cases and at all times shall be
in strict subordination to the civil power; that no soldier can, in
time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the
owner, nor in time of war, but in such manner as may be prescribed
by law; nor can any appropriation for the support of an army be
made for a longer period than two years.