The St. Louis directory and register :
Notes on St. Louis.
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the Indian trade on the Missouri river. When he
first came in the Illinois country,* there was on the
west bank of the Mississippi river, only the weak
and small settlement of Saint Geneviece; its dis-
tance from the Missouri, was by no means suita-
ble to his views, and he was determined to find a
more convenient situation:—he, therefore visited all
parts of the country and found that the spot on which
the town now stands, was best calculated for his
contemplated purposes, as much by the richness
of the soil as by its short distance by land to the
Missouri, Meramec, and other neighbouring streams,
but principally for the beauty of its elevation,
which undoubtedly, is without a parallel in upper
Louisiana. Mr. De Laclede, considering these advan-
tages, settled himself, and had the first trees felled on
the 15th February, 1764. He frequently told his
friends, that he was commencing the foundation of a
town, which might prove with time, to be one of the
greatest in America. Shortly after the beginning of
this settlement, several inhabitants from Cahokia and
fort Chartres, came and settled themselves. Mr. Do
Laclede, encouraged and protected them against the
Indians, over whom he had great ascendency. These
new settlers, Indians, and Missouri travellers, (boat-
men,) gave to this new settlement, the name of ``La-
clede's village,'' though the latter never would con-
sent to it, and caused it to be in all the official docu-
ments, named ``St. Louis,'' which at length prevailed:
He made choice of this name in honor of Louis, XV
then king of France.

Since this period the progress of civilization and
improvement, is wonderful—It is but about 40 years
since the now flourishing, but yet more promising
state of Missouri, was but a vast wilderness, many of
the inhabitants of this country, yet remembering the

* At this early period, the country on both sides of the Miss is
sippi, was known as Illinois, and was first settled from Canada, by
the way of the lakes, and the Illinois and other rivers.