or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising
in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in
actual service, in time of war, or public danger; nor
shall any person be subject, for the same offence, to
be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be
compelled in any criminal case, to be witness against
himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property,
without due process of law; nor shall private proper-
ty be taken for public use, without just compensation.
6.—In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall
enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an im-
partial jury, of the state and district, wherein the
crime shall have been committed; which district
shall have been previously ascertained by law; and
to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusa-
tion; to be confronted with the witnesses against
him; to have compulsory process for obtaining wit-
nesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of
counsel for his defence.
7.—In suits at common law, where the value in
controversy, shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of
trial by jury, shall be preserved; and no fact tried
by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court
of the United States, than according to the rules of
the common law.
8.—Excessive bail shall not be required, nor exces-
sive fines imposed; nor cruel and unusual punish-
9.—The enumeration, in the constitution, of cer-
tain rights, shall not be construed to deny or dispa-
rage others, retained by the people.
10.—The powers, not delegated to the U.United States, by
the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are
reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
11.—The judicial power of the United States shall
not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equi-
ty, commenced or prosecuted against one of the U.
States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or
subjects of any foreign state.