gladdened by the enlivening scene of business and pleasure, and
houses built in elegant and compact rowr!
"From the opposite bank, St. Louis appears to great advantage. In
a disjoined and scattered manner it extends along the river, a mile
and a half, and we form the idea of a large and elegant town. There
are two or three large and costly buildings, though not in the modern
taste, which aid in producing this effect on a closer examination the
town appears to be composed of an equal proportion, of stone walls,
houses and fruit trees: but the illusion still continues.
"On ascending the second bank, which is about forty feet above the
level of the plain, we have the town below us, and a fine view of the
Mississippi in each direction and of the lovely country through which
it passes. When the curtain of wood which hides the American
bottom, shall have been withdrawn, or vesta cut through, by farms
opened to the river, there will be a noble prospect into that rich and
beautiful tract. The bottom, at this place, is eight or ten miles wide
and charmingly diversified with prairie arid woodland. There is a
line of works along this second bank, erected for the purpose of de-
fence, consisting of several circular towers, of twenty feet in diame-
ter and fifteen in height, a small stockaded fort, and stone breast work.
These, are at present entirely waste and unoccupied, excepting the
fort, in one of the buildings of which, the court is held, while another
is used as a prison. Some distance from the termination of this line,
up the river, there are a number of Indian mounds, and remains of
antiquity; which, while they are ornamental to the town, proves
that in former times, this place had also been chosen as the site, per-
haps of a populous city.
"St. Louis contains according to the last census, 1,400 inhabitants.
One fifth Americans, and about 400 people of color. There are a few
Indians, and metiffs, in the capacity of servants, or wives of boatmen.
St. Louis was at no time so agricultural as the other villages; being a
place of some trade, the chief town of the province, and the residence
of greater numbers of mechanics. It remained stationary for two or
three years after the cession, it is now beginning to take a start, and
its reputation, is growing abroad. Every house is crouded, rents are
high and it is exceedingly difficult to procure a tenement on any
terms. Six or seven houses were built in the course of last season,
"They consist 1st, of ten mounds diposed in such a manner as to
form three sides of a square, enclosing about four acres, and the open
side towards the wet, guaide, by live small mounts placed at inter-
vals, in a circular manner, round the opening. 2nd, a large mound,
about six hundred yards higher up the liver, 3D feet high, 150 in
length, shaped like a grave, five feet wide on the top, and wilh a large
terrace or apron, on the side towards the river. 3d, below the 1st,
a genlle elevation, four feet higher, than the second bank, with an
acre for a handsome house and yard, being 150 feet wide, and falling
to the plain of the first bank. It is three regular gradations, the two first,
ten feel, and the last five. It is called the falling garden. It affords
an elegant site for a house and garden. It is the most beautiful re-
mains of antiquity I have seen."