Green's St. Louis directory :
xii Preface
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page in the book of commercial transactions. Superadded to this, the cir
cumstance of the carrying away by the flood of all the wood along our river
coast, from which we were wont to procure supply for the burning of brick,
and the submerging of the sand used for mortar, in building, have prevent-ed the erection of, perhaps, hundreds of houses that otherwise would have
been erected, and cut off employment from thousands of workmen that
otherwise would have found employment.

The area of territolry inundated above St. Louis, and of which St. Louis is
the commercial metropolis, if compacted within one common boundary,
would fall little short of that of one of our medium-sized States. The loss
of personal property within the same, was of itself immense in value; but
even this was comparatively trivial, when compared with that of the accu-
mulated freehold improvement of years previous, which were also lost
together with the entire present year’s crop. All this was not only the
immediate loss of the farmer, and of the country also, but consequentially of
the St. Louis merchant, as the purchaser,or agent, of the producer.

A monument, commemorative of this great public, semi-national calami-
ty, has been erected at the city expense, in front of the Centre Market,
with the height to which the water rose inscribed upon it. In the base of
the column is deposited a manuscript document, writteb by Dr. C.Pres-, , of this city, containing a detailed account, or journal, of the rise and
fall of the river, and with which he has kindly favored me with a copy,
which, with pleasure, I append to this article. It contains a mass of statis-
tical matter, notices of institutions, of local improvements, public and pri-
vate, and much other matter o public interest. I had prepared many
notices, on the same subjects, for insertion herein; but as they are all in-
cluded in the document furnished by Dr. P., , the corresponding ones of
my own compilation are consequently omitted.

The idea of saying a word with respect to the general health of this city,
has been suggested by the accidently geting hold of a late number of
the ``Boston Medical and Surgical Journal,’’ which contains an interesting
article upon the subject of ``Mortality among Children in St. Louis,’’ con-
densed form a more voluminous article from the pen of Dr. V. J.Fourgeaud, ,
of the city, and originally pyblished in the ``Saint Louis Medical and Sur-
gical Journal.’’ Without the consent or privity of Dr. F., , I hereto append the Boston article also, as one of public interest. In addition thereto, I will only
add, that such a thing as a localk, or periodical epidemic, is unknown here,
and that the general health of this city is not surpassed by that of any other
of equal population in the east or north.

In conclusion: I would here call the attention of the reader to the map of
the city of St. Louis, as it hangs upon the wall, and ask him if he ever be-
held a model of the hull of a steamboat of much perfect proportions,
drawn by the hands of the architect, than that map presents. That map,
the product of the joint action of nature and legislation, is the de facto min-
ature representation of a craft of stupendous dimensions,—no less than five
miles in length, and proportionate depth of hold, and which is now ini actual
process of construction, in the county of St. Louis, and State of Missouri.
The keel and stem post, (or eastern and north-eastern boundary,) consisting
of one continuous, connected piece of material, was got out, furnished on