The St. Louis directory for 1848 /
Remarkable Events in the History of St. Louis.
Remarkable Events. ix
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1762 LaClede, Maxent & Co.Company , obtain exclusive privilege of trading with
the Indians upon Missouri and upper Mississippi rivers.
1763 LaClede selected St. Louis as the site of his trading post, and gave
it its present name.
1764 First building erected in St. Louis.
" April 21—Secret treaty ceding Louisiana to Spain first made public.
1765 Government of the Post of St. Louis assumed by St. Ange, and the colony organized under French ordinances.
1768 Aug. 11—Spanish troops under Rious, by order of Capt.Captain Gen.General Don
Antonio d’Ulloa, first take possession of St. Louis.
1769 July 17—St. Louis evacuated by the Spanish troops.
" Aug. 27—Count O’Reily, Gov.Governor Gen.General of Louisiana, lands at New
Orleans, and takes definite possession of the country, in the name
of the King of Spain.
1770 Spanish forces again take possession of St. Louis.
" Don Pedro Piernas Lieut.Lieutenant Governor of Upper Louisiana. *May 20th.
1772 Don Martin M. Duralde completes his cadastre of the surveys of
the common field lots of St. Louis, commenced under order of
Lieut. Gov.Lieutenant Governor
" Same approved by the Lieut. Gov.Lieutenant Governor
1775 St. Ange, former Governor under the French government, dies—
Aet. 76.
" Don Francisco Cruzat, 2d Lieut. Gov.Lieutenant Governor of Upper Louisiana. *May 19th.
1778 Pierre Liguest de Laclede—the founder of St. Louis—dies at the
Post of Arkansas, June 20. Aged 54.
1778 Don Fernando de Leyba, 3d Lieut. Gov.Lieutenant Governor of Upper Louisiana. *June 14th.
1780 May 6‖l’Annee du Grand Coup. St. Louis attacked by 1,400
British and Indians. This date is given on the authority of the
late Col.Colonel Aug. Chouteau. Others give the year 1778 as the true
one. The event occurred, however, in the spring season, and
during the administration of de Leyba—and the fact that the Gov-
ernment Archives fix that from the fall of 1778 to the spring of
1780, proves the superior accuracy of Col.Colonel Chouteau’s statement.
1780 Don Francisco Cruzat again Lieut. Gov.Lieutenant Governor of Upper Louisiana, in
place of de Leyba, deceased. *September 24th.
1785 April—l’Anne des grandes eaux—Year of the great flood. The
Mississippi reached a height only 7 feet less than in the flood of
1844, or 20 feet above highest water mark then known.