each, cacli way daily, affording opportunity for choice of routes east, and their connections with the Illinois
Central, giving opportunity either to go north or .south. The Pacific road is open to Jefferson City, and will
Boon penetrate farther. The south-west branch is progressing, and will .soon open up one of the finest countries
to access and trafic. The North Missouri is operating to St. (harks, and will next .year connect with the
Hannibal and St. Joseph road, thus opening up central Missouri, and if extended as designed, central Iowa.
The Iron Mountain road is partly opened, pointing south, and this year is expected to be finished, and bring
to Saint Loois, cheaply, those vast treasures of iron and lead, with which the country it penetrates is so aston-
There are many excellent private libraries in Saint Louis, in all the various departments of science.
“The Mercantile Library Association,” is a chartered institution, well patronized ami of great and growing
utility. It now numbers in its cases seme seventeen thousand volumes, composed of the choicest selections
in all departments of literature. Its rooms are admirably arranged, well illuminated, and prepared for com-
fortable study. It ia one of the places which a stranger should visit on coning to the city, and with the
spacious and elegant building with which it is connected, is well calculated to exemplify the mercantile
community of Saint Louis, in the enlargement of their views, and their devotion to the cultivation of polite
literature, in connection with busy mercantile pursuits. The library of the Saint Louis I’niversity is also
very choice, and contains many very rare and valuable works, and is well worthy the visits of the studious.
It now numbers some twenty thou>and volumes. Although this cannot be called a public library, still,
from the experience of many, we feel warranted in Baying, ready access can be had to its cases by those de-
sirous of consulting its valuable mtelectual treasures. For the especial use of the “legal profession,” there
has been established here, under a charter, a “Law Library Association.” For the use of this association,
rooms are set apart in the court house, and the library now numbers over three thousand six hundred volumes.
Libraries are also being accumulated by the “Mechanics Institute,” the Otallon Institute, the “Catholic
Institute,” and the “Young Men’s Christian Association,” but we know not the number of volumes which
either of them possess.
There is in Saint Louis a Museum of rare excellency, embracing choice specimens of natural history, &c, &c,
but it must be seen to be fully appreciated. Our limits will not allow an adequate description.
For the dissemination of knowledge, Saint Louis is also prepared, and “the art preservative of all arts”
has its votaries. We have not had time, in the preparation of this hasty sketch, to gather statistics on this
subject, but find to our hand a table prepared with great care for a work entitled, “Thoughts about Saint
Louis,” which exhibits this interest as it existed hi 1S54, and the extension since that period must be inferred
by our readers.
|Newspapers published in Saint Louis,||21|
|Issues of daily papers,||19,300|
|Issues of tri-weekly papers,||6,400|
|Issues of weekly papers||72,000|
|Magazines, Monthly and Semi-Monthly,||12|
|Issues of these,||26,500|
|Power presses used,||21|
|Hand " "||66|
|Hands employed, (printers,)||858|
|Book and Job offices, as distinguished from above||8|
|Annual aggregate of book and job work,||$15G,000|
There are six lithographic, engraving and printing establishments. Four steel and copper engraving and
printing, and three wood engraving establishments, all employing numerous hands.
For the immense business transacted, Saint Louis certainly has the fewest monetary facilities- of any city
in the country. The recent action of the Legislature, however, warrants us in anticipating an important
increase in this respect, in the speedy organization of several new Banks in this city and state, to consum-
mate which the incipient steps have already been taken.
There is now but one bank in Missouri authorized to issue notes for circulation. Its total capital is only
about $1,200,000. The part of this allotted to Saint Louis, is about $600,000.
The bank is well managed—gives all the facilities its limited ability will justify. It never suspended
“specie payment” even in the general suspension of 1838. Its notes only pass here as coin, all others are
denominated “currency.” The bank only takes her own notes or coin, and pays out nothing else. All
transactions here are for specie. Currency, that is the paper of other states, circulates, but is subject to dis-
count, according to the locality and condition of the banks issuing.
There are also thirteen private banks of deposit, which detl in specie, currency and exchange. These possess
large capital and credit, and do an immense business. They afford great facilities to the business of the