St. Louis directory :
Overland Mail To San Francisco. 21
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on the 32d degree parallel; thence they struck over Llano Estacudo, a barren plain, seventy-five miles in
width. Although in an uncovered wagon, he Buffered little inconvenience in crossing this plain. He be
lieves thnt, very shortly, the trip over the plain will be made in a single day. Thence they journeyed to
1'ecos River, a tributary of the Rio Grande, and up that stream to Pope's Camp, fifty miles below the old
emigrant road. This is ou a line with Guudalupe Teak; thence to Cornudas Tank and Tncco Tanks, to
Franklin, opposite El Passu; thence one hundred and twelve miles up the Pecos River. On this section
they had no animals except what they took along with them. Stations are needed here, and will soon be
established. The country between Red River and the Pecos is almost entirely uninhabited. Three miles
an hour was the average time made on this section, but this delay was more than made up on this side of El
Paso. The arrangements on the western half of the road arc far more complete than on the eastern jide.
They then proceeded up on Col. Leach's road, through the Rio Grande and Mcsilla valleys, crossing to
Cook's Spring; thence to Miuibres, in the Gadsden purchase. Provisions here have to be furnished by the
company. The stations are from lifteen to twenty miles apart. From Tucson the route runs through Pa-
cheen Pass nnd Pimo village to Maricopas; thence through the valley of the Gila to Fort Ynma, on the bor-
ders of California. Midway on the stxty-mile desert there is a water station. The road up to Los Angelos
and thence tn this city is iu fine condition." The distance from St. Louis to San Francisco, by this route,
was given at 2759 miles.

To St. Louis, such an accomplishment is worthy of the highest consideration. New York, St. Louis, San
Francisco, on this great national thoroughfare (for the line of railroad to the Atlantic is the chain) present
themselves as the three great cities of the country—the principal market of a commerce unrivaled in the
extent of its domain and the variety and value of its products. Simultaneous with the great achievement
was the announcement of the discovery of gold at Pike's Peak—the highest mass of the Sierra Madre.
This point is nearly midway between St. Louis and San Francisco, and i'.s precious ores seem to have been
presented at this favorable moment for the purpose of inspiring the friends uf a Pacific Railroad, aud meet-
ing the difficulty of distance half way. From the preparations now apparent, thousands of adventurers
will doubtless seek this gold and silver region this spring, and thus at once establish, in the heart of the

wilderness beyond us, the strength, energy, and protection of a civilized community. In a brief period—fcr
ten years only have elapsed since the incident at tho mill-race of Gen. Sutter—a new State will be asking
for admission into the Union, and the intermediate country, from the Mississippi to its borders, marked with
continuous improvements. This market will be sought as the most available for the supplies required by
new settlements, and in the end will form the gateway to the vast agricultural and mineral wealth of that
immense region. It is hardly to be expected that the claim to this outlet, of such inconceivable moment,
should be yielded to any particular locality without a struggle, especially while the General Government
must bear the burden of the expensive system of postal routes, aud finally of a gigantic railway; and,
accordingly, claims are preferred by the South aud North for the terminus on the Mississippi.

The Government, in this view of the case, has acted wisely, no doubt, in ordering the southern detour
in the contract for the mail service, as such a course 13 weli calculated to disarm sectional animusity, and
thereby lead to an early consummation of the great requirement of the age. This spirit on the part of the
Government has been further expressed in the establishment of other mail routes across the plains. Besides
the principal one under consideration, the Postmaster-General, with tho approval of the Executive, has
established a weekly mail from St. Joseph, on the Missouri, through Utah to Placerville; and also a monthly-
line from Neosho, Missouri, by Albuquerque, to the Tejon Pass in ijalifornia, and each has important
branches. A fourth route is in contemplation, to begin at St. P aul, and pass through the Pembina settle-
ments, in the valley of the Red River of the North, and after crossing the Rocky Mountains, diverge, on the
one hand to Puget's Sound, and on the other to the lower settlements in western Oregon. A year or two
of experiment on these various routes will unerringly lead the public attention to the most practical one,
and the great work will be commenced under the auspices of a national consent. No one, however, ean be
blind to the decided advantages of St. Louis in this future enterprise. Pike's Peak is almost immediately
west, and nearly midway between the Mississippi and the terminus on the Pacific. Should the auriferous
character of the country in its vicinity turn out as productive as it has been represented, the first rail laid
by the Government must inevitably point in that direction. That other roads, in the course of time, will be
constructed, there can be no doubt; but the first steam car across the plains (if the future can be penetrated
at all by the light of present circumstances) will certainly start from this city, in a line almost directly
west, to the salient point of the Sierra Madre adverted to. If Pike's Peak on the West, and the direct line
to California beyond, are advantageous for the central route to the citizens of this section, the position cf
St. Louis is equally as attractive to the people of the Pacific slope. There is no more advantageous point
in this great valley for such a terminus. Located near the center of the Mississippi River, with its 3,000
miles of navigation, and fifteen hundred steamers—with line3 of packets established to every point North
and South, and far up to the source of every tributary—and with railways radiating in all directions—opp
or-

tunities are offered to passengers and products for almost instantaneous ingress and egress. Through this
gate the world opens up with its homes and markets, accessible by the surest, cheapest, safest, and most
speedy modes of transportation.