3. Representatives and direct taxes, shall be apportioned among
the several states, which may be included within this union, accord-
ing to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding
to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service
for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of
all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the U.United States;
and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as
they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not
exceed one for every thirty thousand: but each state shall have at
least one representative - and until such enumeration shall be made,
the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three; Mas-
sachusetts eight; Rhode Island and Providence plantations ene;
Connecticut five; New York six; New Jersey four; Pennsylvania
eight; Delaware one; Maryland six; Virginia ten; North Carolina
five; South Carolina five; and Georgia three.
4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any state,
the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of electioas to fill
5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and
other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.
1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two se-
nators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six
years: and each senator shall have one vote.
2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in consequence of
the first election, they shall be divided, as equally as may be, into
three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be va-
cated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class, at the
expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the expiration
of the sixth year: so that one-third may be chosen every second
year. And if vacancies happen, by resignation or otherwise, during
the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may
make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legisla-
ture, which shall then fill such vacancies.
3. No person shall be a senator, who shall not have attained to
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United
States; and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that
state for which he shall be chosen
4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of
the Senate; but shall have no vote unless they be equally divided.
5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Presi-
dent pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-President, or when he
shall exercise the office of President of the United States.
6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments.
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation.
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief-Justice
shall preside, and no person shall be convicted, without the concur-
rence of two-thirds of the members present.
7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend further
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy
any office of honour, trust, or profit, under the United States. But