the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to in-
dictment, trial, judgment and punishment according to law.
1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for sena-
tors and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the le-
gislature thereof: but the Congress may, at any time, by law, make
or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing se-
2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; and
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they
shall by law appoint a different day.
1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns and
qualifications of its own members; and a majority of each shall con-
stitute a quorum to do business but a smaller number may adjourn
from day to day, and may be authorised to compel the attendance
of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as
each House may provide.
2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings;
punish its members for disorderly behaviour; and with the concur-
rence of two-thirds, expel a member,
3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings; and from
time to time, publish the same, excepting such paris as may in their
judgment require secrecy; and the yeas nays of the members of
either House, on any question, shall, at the desire of one-fifth of
those present, be entered on the journal.
4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without
the consent of the other adjourn for more than three days, nor to
any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
1. The senators and representatives shall receive a compensation
for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the trea-
sury of the United States. They shall, in all cases, except treason,
felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest, during
their attendance at the session of their respective House, and in
going to, or returning from the same; and for any speech or de-
bate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other
2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he
was elected, be appointed to any civil office, under the authority of
the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments
whereof shall have been increased, during such time; and no per-
son, holding any office under the United States, shall be a member
of either House, during his continuance in office.
1. All bills, for raising revenue, shall originate in the House of
Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with a-
mendments, as on other bills.
2. Every bill, which shall have passed the House of Representa-
tives and the Senate; shall, before it become a law, be presented to
the President of the United States. If he approve, he shall sign it;