average of 1831 souls per annum. The population of 1837,
within the corporate limits of the city, was 12,040; but,
with the rapid increase since the last census, it is impossible
to conjecture its present amount.
In the year 1822, the inhabitants of St. Louis were cre-
ated a Corporation by the Legislature, under the name of
the ''Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of the City of St.
Louis" This corporation is vested with extensive powers
for the regulation of the municipal concerns of the city, and
under their particular government it has continued to em-
bellish and improve.
The healthiness of the situation of St. Louis will not ad-
mit of a doubt. There are no causes to render it insalubri-
ous; and it is a well ascertained fact, that there has been as
little mortality from diseases in St. Louis, as in any other
place of the same population in the United States.
St. Louis contains eight Churches; two Market-Houses,
a Court-House, an Hospital, two Orphan Asylums, nine
Hotels, (including the St. Louis Hotel, not yet completed,)
four brass and iron Foundries, seven Printing Offices, and
a large number of saw and grist Mills. It also contains a
number of primary Schools, a Nunnery, and an Academy
for the education of females, and a University, conducted
by the Order of the Jesnits. The Market and Court
Houses, and the Catholic Church, are very fine and exten-
sive edifices. The last year has Ijeen signalized by the in-
stitution of two Public Schools in this city, with male and
female departments; and these are kept in substantial
houses erected for this purpose, of sufficient capacity for the
accommodation of 240 pupils. Four preceptors are em-
ployed in conducting these schools.
[Enract from the Missouri Gazetteer.]
"City or St. Louis.—Doctor Beck, , in his Gazetteer
published A.D.1823, describes this city as "a flourishing
post-town." At that period it would, perhaps, have required
the exercise of a poetic imagination to predict the import-
ance that this city has attained in little more than half a
score of years; but now, without the spirit of prophecy,
it may be clearly demonstrated, that St. Louis is destined
to become second to one city only in the great valley, and
probably in the union. A despot, wielding the re-