By Victor J.Fourgeaud, , Of St. Louis.
[Population of St. Louis in 1841, 30,000. Latitude, 38 deg., 37 min., 28. see
Longitude, 90 deg., 15 min., 39 sec. west of Greenwich.]
In the year 1841 there were 935 deaths in the city of Saint
Louis — 447 of which were persons over 7 years of age; and
488 were children under 7 years of age.
The mortality among children under 7 years of age was great-
er than among persons over that age; the difference being 41
in favor of the latter. The ratio of mortality among children,
in proportion to the whole population, was a 1 to 61. The
month of July was the most fatal, both to children and adults.
In the year 1842, there were 658 deaths — 388 of which
were persons over 7 years; and 270 were children under 7.
This year was peculiarly favorable, especially to children;
only 270 having died, being 218 less than in 1841, and 375
less than in 1843. The whole number of deaths was 658; 277
less than in 1841, and 481 less than in 1843. This was a very
moderate mortality for a city having at least 30,000 inhabitants.
The ratio of mortality among children, in proportion to the
whole population, was as 1 to 111.
In the year 1843, there were 1139 deaths — 494 of which were persons over 7 years; and 645 were children under 7.
This shows a great increase of mortality, especially among
children; 645 having died, making the aggregate number of
deaths among them amount to 151 over that of all other persons
over 7 years of age. July, August, September and October
were peculiarly unfavorable to infants; no less than 477 having
died during these four months. August, particularly, seemed
to have been the most fatal for them; 209 having died in that
month. The ratio of mortality among them, in proportion to
the whole population, was as 1 to 46.
Thus, there were 1403 deaths among children under 7 years
of age in the course of the last three years. The number of
fatal cases among persons over that age amounts to 1329, being
74 less than among children. The whole mortality in St. Louis
for that period amounts to 2732, including adults and children.
Thus the average mortality of this place rates at 910 2/3 per
annum, or as 1 to 33.
The four first months of the year were most favorable to
children, April especially, only 25 having died in this month
during the thee years. July, August, September and October
were the most unfavorable, especially July and August, 313
having died in the former, and 322 in the latter month, in