The Saint Louis directory for the years 1854-5 :
Notes of St. Louis.

St. Louis, Missouri, is a flourishing incorporated post
town, pleasantly situated on the right bank of the Mis-
sissippi river, 18 miles below the junction of the Mis-
souri, 190 above the mouth of Ohio; and about 1200
above New-Orleans. It is the seat of justice for St.
Louis county, and is in a township of the same name. In latitude 39’ 38’ N. and long. 12’ 51’ W. from Wash-
ington City. It is the largest town in the state, of which
it is the commercial metropolis. The site is elevated and
has a decided advantage over any of the other towns, on
account of its being a bold shore of limestone rocks,
which repels the floods. Such situations are very rare,
as the Mississipi is almost universally bounded either by
high perpendicular rocks or loose alluvial soil, the latter
of which is in continual danger of being washed away
by the annual floods. This spot hasan abrupt acclivity
from the river to the first bottom; and a gradual one
from it, to the second; the first bank has a view of the
river and the numerous boats ranged along the shore and
moving on its waters, and is elevated about 40 feet; the second bank is 40 feet higher than the first bottom, and
affords a fine view of the town, river, and surrounding
country. St. Louis extends nearly 2 miles along the
river, and the country around, and west of it for the
distance of 15 miles, is an extended praiiie of a very
luxuriant soil, beautifully undulating, and covered with
shrubby oak, and a variety of other small growth.

St. Louis was first setted by Mr. Peter de Laclede
Liguert, who had obtained, at New Orleam from the
French authority, the exclusive privilege of the Indian
trade on the Missouri river. When be firat came to the
Illinois country,* there was on the west bank of the
Mississippi river, only the weak and small settlement of
Saint Genevieve; its distance from the Missouri wms by
no meains suitable to his views, and he was determined
to find a more convenient situation;——he, therefore,

* At this early period, the country on both sides of the Mis
sissi pi, wask known as Illinois, and was first settl d from Canada
by the wny of the lakes, and the Illinois and other rivars.