St. Louis directory :
Overland Mail To San Francisco.

For the following article we are indebted to the Annual Report made to the Chamber of Commerce by the
Secretary, W.B. Baker, Esq.:

One of the most interesting events of the year was the successful accomplishment of the Overland Mail

enterprise between St. Louis and San Francisco; establishing not only the practicability of the route—
divergent as it is from a direct line—but giving promise, under matured appointments, of lessening the
contract time very materially. The first arrival was heralded at this termiuns on the 9th of October, in
something less than twenty-five days. The mail from this side reached the Pacific about the same time,
and both achievements received appropriate attention from the two cities. At San Francisco the event was
celebrated in an imposing manner, proportioned to its importance to that isolated section of the Union. It
was hailed as a means of transit by which the wealth and permanent prosperity of the country could be
developed; as an inducement to the speedy settlement of the immense territory lying between the Eastern
borders of California and Oregon, and the western lines of Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas, (such is the
language of the Resolutions,) and as affording facilities for and a security to emigration, which will very
soon attract a vast population; as a thoroughfare within the domain of the United States, calculated to bind
tgether the East and West, and to unite by firmer ties the States whose shores are laved by the waters of
the two great oceans, and by creating a warmer sentiment of brotherhood between different sections,
hitherto separated by natural barriers; as an emancipation from the thraldom of the only speedy routes
hitherto available, the necessity of whose use had subjected their citizens to the dangers and privations of
sea travel and oft-repeated indignities and wrongs from semi-civilized foreign governments. A gentleman
who passed through on this first trip, gave, on the occasion of the celebration, an interesting statement of
the journey, in the following brief manner:

" For the first one hundred and sixty miles from St. Louis he traveled on the Pacific Hail way to Jeffer-
son City ; thence by Concordia coach to Springfield, through the richest agricultural region in Missouri;
thence to Fayettville, Arkansas, through the Ozark Mountains. This part of the route is the roughest en-
countered. He next went on to Fort Smith, the intersection of the Memphis route. Fifteen minutes after
they arrived at this point, the Memphis mail came in, which is the best evidence that the junction is at the
proper place on the route. After leaving Fort Smith, passed through the Choctaw country to Red Bivcr.
The Indians are perfectly quiet. Sherman, Texas, was the next settlement; thence to Gainseville. The
country in this section is very fine and well wooded. Phantom Hill, a deserted military station, was next
stopped at, and successively Forts Belknap and Chadbourne. At both of these forts a few soldiers are sta-
tioned. From Fort Chadbourn to head waters of Concha River, the southernmost point on the route, and