Edwards' annual directory to the inhabitants, institutions, incorporated companies, business, business firms, manufacturing establishments, etc., in the city of Saint Louis
Trade To The Mountains.

The trade of St. Louis with the mountains is large and rapidly in-
creasing. In 1865, twenty boats set out from this port for Fort Benton,
more than three thousand miles from St. Louis, with a total freight of six
million pounds.

In 1866, fifty boats sailed for Fort Benton, with an aggregate ton-
nage of ten thousand two hundred and eighty-four pounds. In these
instances the costs of assorted goods was as follows:

13 tons of merchandise $12,000
35 " " " 40,000
40 tons of merchandise $65,000
Mean cost per ton 1,300

The following table is an approximate estimate, based upon the pre-
ceding data, of our commerce with Montana for the year 1866 :

Number of boats 50
" " passengers 2,500
Pounds of freight 13,000,000
Value of merchandise $6,500,000

The trade across the plains is of still greater magnitude. The over-
land freight from Atchison alone has increased from 3,000,000 in 1861,
to 21,500,000 in 1865.

The Overland Dispatch Company have courteously furnished esti-
mates, founded upon their own transactions, of our total commerce
with the territories in 1865. These figures do not include the Fort Ben-
ton trade:

No. passengers east and west by overland coaches 4,800
" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " trains and private conveyance 50,000
" of wagons 8,000
" cattle and mules 100,000
Pounds of freight to Plattsmouth 3,000,000
" " " " Leavenworth City 6,000,000
" " " " Santa Fe 6,000,000
" " " " St. Joseph 10,000,000
" " " " Nebraska City 15,000,000
" " " " Atchison 25,000,000
Government freight 50,000,000
Total number of pounds 117,000,000
Amount of treasure carried by express $ 3,000,000
" " " " " private cobveyance 30,000,000

The Overland Express charge 3 per cent for the transportation of
bullion. This high commission and the hostility of the Indian tribes,
induced many miners to send their gold East by the way of San Fran-
cisco to Panama.