1. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance or confederation;
grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emil bills of cre-
dit: make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of
debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex-post facto law, or law impairing
the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.
2. No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any im-
posts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely