The St. Louis directory and register :
Section II.

1. The President shall be commander in chief of the army and
navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states,
when called into the actual service of the United States. He may
require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officers in each of
their respective offices; and he shall have power to grant reprieves,
and pardons, for offences against the United States, except in cases
of impeachment.

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the senators
present concur: and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public
ministers and consuls, judges of the supreme court, and all other of-
ficers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein other-
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. But the
Congress may, by law, vest the appointment of such inferior officers,
as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law or
in the heads of departments.

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that
may happen, during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis-
sions, which shall expire at the end of their next session.