1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity,
arising under this constitution, the laws of the United States, and
treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; to all
cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls; to
all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to
which the United States shall be a party, to controversies between
two or more states, between a state and citizens of another state,
state, claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a
state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.
2 In all cases, affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and
consuls; and those in which a state shall be a party, the supreme
court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before
mentioned, the supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both
as to law and fact; with such exceptions, and under such regulations,
as the Congress shall make.
3. The trial of all crimes except in cases of impeachment, shall
be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within
any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress
may by law have directed.