The Saint Louis directory for the years 1854-5 :
Directions.

1st. The weight of newspapers, periodicals, and other
printed matter, must be taken or determined when they
are in a dry state; and when the weight of any book or
other publication exceeds one pound, the same progressive
rates, above laid down, must be charged for the excess.

2d. Newspapers, periodicals, magizines, or any other
printed paper or matter, must be sent without any covers or
wrappers, or in covers or wrappers open at the ends or
sides, so that the character of the matter contained there-
in may be determined without removing such wrappers.

3d. In case there is on or in any newspaper, periodi-
cal, pamphl t, or other printed matter or paper con-
nected therewith, any manuscript of any kind by which
information shall be asked for or communicated in wri- ting, or by marks or signs, (except the bills and receipts
of publishers, as provided by law,) or the directions
herein prescribed are in any other respect not complied
with, the same becomes subject to letter postage; and
it is the duty of the postmaster to remove the wrappers
or envelopes from all printed matter not charged with
letter postage, for the purpose of ascertaining whether
there is upon or connected with such printed matter, or
in such package, any matter or thing which would au-
thorize or require the charge of a higher rate of postage
thereon.

It will be observed that except in respect to books, the
postage on all printed matter to California and Oregon,
is the same as to any other part of the United States.

*Notes.—Each newspaper, or periodical, not exceeding one ounce and a half in weight, when circulated in
the State where published, is subject to a postage of one half cent only.

† Small newspapers, &c., when sent in packets of less than eight ounces, or to more than one address, mast be
rand singly.