The first floor building, on Third street, is intended for the Post Office, and is one of the most conveni-
ent offices in the country. The General Delivery for the American and German public is placed oppo-
site the entrance; the Ladies'Delivery is on the north side, having a separate entrance, together with
rooms for the Post Master and Assistant Post Master, and entrance to the interior of the office. The Post
Master's office in so arranged that he can have at once a view of the entire office. The German Ladies
Delivery is adjoining the German Public Delivery, so that the same clerk can attend to both. The Box
Department is placed on the south side, and contains nearly five thousand boxes, and can be arranged
for twice that number. Each case, containing one hundred and forty-four boxes, is hung on hinges,
so as to open free of the sash in front, thus affording an opportunity of cleaning the glass with but very
little trouble. The Boxes for Exchanges of Newspapers are arranged at the east end of the passage in
front of the boxes, and from there a door with iron stairs leads down to the south and east alley. This
part of the office, for the convenience of the press, is open all night, so that they may get their pa-
pers, while an iron grated door cuts off access to the balance of the office when the hour for closing comes.
This door and stairs will be a great convenience, allowing the public access to the street through the alley
instead of returning west to Third street.
On the south side, immediately in front of the deliveries, is the Register's Office, for depositing and
receiving valuable letters, and at the side of the German Delivery, and constituting itself a front orna-
mental pannel, will be the office for the sale of Stamps and Envelopes and the pre-payment of foreign
The cases for transient and regular Newspapers, to persons who have not boxes, are arranged both for
English and German, adjoining the Letter Deliveries for each, and this will be found more complete and
convenient than any former arrangement in this city.
The Newspaper Department is at the east end of the South Hall, and is well arranged for every accom-
modation to the Press. The Mail Delivery is placed on the south east corner of the basement story, hav-
ing iron stairs connecting it with the Post Office floor ; together with this, a Dumb Waiter is prepared to
hoist up all the mail matter to the various offices. As to warming and ventilating, it can have no equal,
from the fact of four furnaces being placed in the basement story, and being lit and ventilated by thirty
The second story of the building is occupied by the following offices, viz : The U.S. District Court
Room, Circuit Court Room, Library, Judges Rooms, Circuit and District Clerks' Rooms, and Port Sur-
veyor's Rooms. The District Court Room is placed in the north east corner of the building—the Judges'
Bench is situated on the north side of the room, and fitted up with twelve Lawyers' desks, two large
tables. Clerks, Bailiffs, Criers, and Marshal's stands, and other necessary conveniences.
The Circuit Court Room is fitted up with twenty-four Lawyers' desks, desks for the Bailiff, Crier, and
Marshal, stands for the Crier and Witnesses, aud the Bench is situated in the south side of the room. The
Library is fitted up with spacious book cases, together with offices for the clerks, &c.
The Custom House Offices are placed fronting on Third street, extending across the whole front, and
neatly fitted up with railings, counters, desks, tables, presses, &c., &c., and private offices, being divided
by sash partitions.
The third story has rooms for the Grand and Petit Juries ; also rooms for the Local Inspectors and U.S.
District Attorney. The arrangements are different from those heretofore made, and are more advan-
tageous both to the officers and to the public.
In addition to the rooms already mentioned, there are five very large apartments unoccupied, and from
every arrangement in hand, it is evident that the building is more than large enough for all the purposes
for which it was originally intended.
In connection with the Sub-Treasury, it may not be out of place to append a few more particulars. The
Sub-Treasury, as already mentioned, is located in the north east corner of the building, with its entrance
on Olive street. It contains a large business room and a private one for the Sub-Treasurer, together with
a Watchman's Room connected. The Safe for Sub-Treasurer is one of the largest and strongest in the
United States. The bottom, top, sides, and ends are made of three thicknesses of chilled iron, and riveted
together in the very strongest manner. Its dimensions are about fourteen feet in length, eleven feet wide,
and some ten feet in height, the whole standing on a solid foundation of masonry. The sides and top are
enclosed with a brick wall two feet two inches thick, and in the centre of the thickness of this wall is a
lattice work of iron, made of wrought bars nearly a half inch thick by two and a half inches wide—all
being riveted together. The door is secured with a lock having 4,000,000 of changes, and which will re-
quire three keys to open it, and three persons will each be entrusted with one of them. These keys can be
so changed every day, by means of collars placed on each, that it will be a matter of impossibility for
thieves to manufacture keys to open it, particularly as it requires all three of the persons carrying keys to
he present before it is possible to open it at all, for one or two of the keys will not suffice.