St. Louis Directory,
J.C. Dinnies & Co.company
Booksellers & Stationers ,
(Near The Auction Houses)
Corner of Main and Olive streets, St. Louts,
Offer for sale, at wholesale and retail, on liheral terms, an extensive assortment
of Books in every department of Science and Letters, and are at all times able
to supply Colleges, Schools, public Libraries, and country Merchants, with every
work in use in Missouri and Illinois. They also keep a large supply of ruled and
plain Writing Paper, Quills, Ink, and Stationery, generally.
They have connected with their establishment a
with a full stock of the best Papers and Materials, and are prepared to manufacture
for Public Offices, Banks, Insurance Companies, and Merchants, any kind of
Blank work, as well as it can be done in the eastern cities.
They also keep a constant supply and large assortment of
comprising Italian, French and German Violins and Violincellos ; 5, 6 and 12 key'd
Clarinets; common and patent 1, 4, 6 and 8 key'd Flutes; double and single Fla-
gelels; 6 and 8 key'd Kent Bugles; maple, satinwood and cocoawood Fifes; Bass
and Snare Drums; Trombones; common and patent Guitars; Bassoons, Triangles,
Horns, Accordions, Trumpets, and Boston Piano Fortes of superior tone and finish,
together with every article in the Musical line.
consisting of Wade & Butcher's, Elliott's, 'Rogers & Sons' and Wostenholm's supe.
rior Razors; Pen, Pocket and Dirk Knives, and Scissors.
embracing landscape, French, imitation of French, glazed and common Wall Pa-
per ; velvet and imitation Bordering, and Fireboard Patterns.
single and double barrell'd Guns and Pistols; and a general assortment of
Printers' and Playing Cards, of Crehores', Bartlett's and Cohen's manufacture;
gold and silver Pencil Cases, Thermometers, Pocket Books and Wallets, Mathe-
matical Instruments and Spy-glasses, Backgammon Boards, Chessmen, Dominoes,
sword and walking Canes, and various Fancy Articles.
☞ New Publications received direct from the publishers, by the speediest
B. L.Turnbull, ,
Bookseller And Stationer ,
No. 132, First street,
Has on hand a valuable and extensive assortment of Law, Medical, Theological,
Classical, Miscellaneous and School Books.
All kinds of Blank Books on hand, or made to order: Day Books, Jour-
nals, Ledgers, Record Books, Letter Books, Bill Books, Note Books, Bank Books,
Freight Books, Pass Books, Steamboat Books, &c.
B.L.T. has opened a Paper Warehouse on First street, where he will
keep constantly on hand a general assortment of Paper, consisting of Demy,
Medium, Royal, Super Royal, Imperial, and Mammoth Printing Paper; Cap, Let-
ter, Folio Post, Wrapping and Tea Paper; Bonnet Boards, &a. &c.
Having accepted of the agency for the Clinton Paper Mill, he will engage to
furnish Printers of newspapers with a constant supply of Printing Paper to their
order, at short notice.
☞ All new Publications received direct from the publishers, by the earliest
☞ Orders for Binding thankfully received, and executed with punctuality and
B. F.M'Kenney, ,
Justice Of The Peace,
Notary Public, And Conveyancer ,
Office No. 19, Olive street,
WilsonPrimm, . Charles D.Drake, .
Primm & Drake ,
Attorneys At Law,
No. 25, Pine street,
W. W.Amos, ,
Hatters' Stock & Trimmings,
Hat Bodies, Furs, &C.
No. 106, First street,
James Lyman & Co.company
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Addlery - Hardware,
Saddles, Harness, Trunks, &c.
Also, a constant supply of Leather,
(sign of the white horse,)
No. 19, north First street, St. Louis.
☞ Orders from Country Merchants, Saddlers, and Carriage Manufacturers,
promptly and faithfully executed.
Dr.C. J.Carpenter, ,
Office 20, Chestnut st.street
Residence 57, Elm street,
Jos.Charless, . Henry T.Blow, . Edwd.Charless, .
Charless, Blow & Co.company
Are now manufacturing at their works in this city a superior article of
White-Lead in Oil,
Which they warrant equal to any made or imported in the United States, and
which they can afford at a moderate price. Dealers and consumers will find it to
their advantage to call and examine the article, at the warehouse of
Charless & Blow , corner of First and Pine streets,
Or at the Manufactory, west Market street, near Chouteau's Pond.
Mead &A Driance ,
Corner of Pine and First streets,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
Watches, Clocks, Vases, Silver plated Brittania and Ja-
panned Ware, Lamps, Table & Pocket Cullery, Guns,
Pistols, and Sporting apparatus; Military Goods,
Jewellery, Looking-glasses & Plates, Perfumery,
Musical Instruments, and Fancy Goods
generally; Watch Glasses, Tools,
and Watch materials.
Mead & Adriance are constantly receiving additions to
their stock, making their assortment at ail times full and
complete, which will be sold on liberal terms. They would
respectfully invite country dealers to examine their stock
St. Louis Hat Store.
John W.Paulding, ,
Silk And Fur Hat Manufacturer ,
No. 86, north First street.
In any quantity, for Stores or Steam Boats, furnished to order, at short notice,
By J. F.Randolph, ,
Corner of Pine and Second streets, St. Louts.
F. W.Southack, ,
Bronze and Brittania Ware,
Window Glass, Castor Frames. &c.
No. 18, First st.street (3 doors from Chestnut,)
JosephCharless, . Henry T.Blow, .
Charless & Blow ,
Wholesale Dealers in
Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Dye-Stuffs, Oils,
Surgical Instruments, Perfumery,
Pittsburgh Window-Glass, Hollow Ware, &c.;
Manufacturers of Castor Oil,
And Agents For
Charless, Blow & Co'S . White-Lead Factory,
Corner of Main and Pine streets,
Bridge, Rayburn & Co.company
Stoves, Tin Plates, Copper,
Sheet Iron, Iron Wire, &c.
No. 152, First street, St. Louis.
H.N. Davis & Co.company
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
And Dealers In Produce,
John D.Davis, ,
Forwarding And Commission Merchant ,
P.Powell, . T. L.Fontaine, . J. H.Wilson, .
Peter Powell & Co.company
Importers Of Foreign And Domestic
Hardware, Cutlery, &C.
No. 16, nnorth First street,
Dr.B. B.Brown, ,
Surgeon Dentist ,
Office No. 18, Chestnut St.street
☞ Refer to the Medical and Literary Faculties of St. Louis University.
J. M.Buckley, ,
Boat Stores & Family Groceries,
No. 40, Front street, St. Louis.
Berthold & Tesson ,
Commission Merchants ,
No. 5, Front street, St. Louis.
Female Academy ,
By PhilipMauro, And The Misses Mauro, ,
S.W.southwest corner of Market and Fifth streets,
S.O. & N. Coleman ,
No. 73, north Second street, St. Louis.
Beltzhoover & Robb ,
Wholesale And Retail,
No. 32, nnorth First street,
☞ Hats and Caps made to order.
Shoe-Makers' Tools & Findings,
And Finished Leather Of Every Description.
☞ Extensive assortment of the above articles kept
on hand, and orders filled on moderate terms.
Real Estate Agency,
Auctioneer, And Commission Merchant ,
Office No. 12, corner of Olive and First streets,
Missouri Insurance Company
Of St. Louis,
[Chartered January, 1831,]
Capital $100,000—privilege $400,000.
WilliamGlasgow, , President .
JohnFord, , Secretary .
Wm.WilliamGlasgow, , Directors .
EdwardTracy, , Directors .
H. VonPhul, , Directors .
JohnWalsh, , Directors .
Aug.Kerr, , Directors .
John H.Gay, , Directors .
John F.Darby, , Directors .
James C.Way, , Directors .
John D.Daggett, , Directors .
J. B.Brant, , Directors .
D. D.Page, , Directors .
BernardPratte, , Directors .
P.Chouteau, Jr.junior Directors .
Farmers' And Mechanics' Insurance
[Incorporated Jan. 30, 1837,]
Capital $300,000—privilege $400,000.
Wm.William C.Anderson, , President .
Andrew J.Davis, , Secretary .
Wm.William C.Anderson, , Directors .
CharlesCollins, , Directors .
HughO'Neil, , Directors .
D. A.January, , Directors .
S. S.Rayburn, , Directors .
AlonzoChild, , Directors .
DavidCoons, , Directors .
John L.Blaine, , Directors .
AbnerHood, , Directors .
Daniel D.Page, , Directors .
I. Y.Munn, , Directors .
Wm.WilliamVandeventer, , Directors .
John J.Anderson, , Directors .
St. Louis Floating Dock & Insurance Co.company
Capital $100,000—privilege $400,000.
John D.Daggett, , President .
John F.Hunt, , Secretary .
J. D.Daggett, , Directors .
E.Price, , Directors .
W.Risley, , Directors .
L.Deaver, , Directors .
Jno. F.Darby, , Directors .
J. F.Comstock, , Directors .
J. C.Laveille, , Directors .
W. CarrLane, , Directors .
W. H.Pococke, , Directors .
P.Ferguson, , Directors .
SamuelMerry, . Directors .
J.Jeffery, , Directors .
J. M.Buckley, , Directors .
Marine Insurance Company
Of St. Louis,
Capital $100,000—privilege $400,000.
AlfredTracy, , President .
DanielHough, , Secretary .
GeorgeSproule, , Directors .
J. ParkerDoan, , Directors .
Ed. H.Beebe, , Directors .
S. S.Rayburn, , Directors .
Wm.William L.Sublette, , Directors .
E. P.Tesson, , Directors .
Wm.WilliamSmith, , Directors .
H. VonPhul, , Directors .
N.Patterson, , Directors .
H. N.Davis, , Directors .
TitusHale, , Directors .
John R.Shaw, , Directors .
Citizens' Insurance Company
[Chartered by Legislature 1836-7,]Capital $100,000—privilege $500,000.
H. L.Hoffman, , President .
Wm.WilliamRenshaw, , Secretary .
JamesClemens, Jr.junior Directors .
HenryChouteau, , Directors .
J. R.Stanford, , Directors .
JosephPowell, , Directors .
H. L.Hoffman, , Directors .
John O.Agnew, , Directors .
Wm.WilliamFinney, , Directors .
George K.Budd, , Directors .
JosephCharless, , Directors .
St. Louis Perpetual Marine, Fire
and Life Insurance Company ,
☞ Office No. 75, corner of First and Olive streets.—
Hours of business from 9, A.M., to 1, P.M., and from 3 to
Jno. B.Camden, , President .
George A.Underhill, , Secretary .
WaymanCrow, , Directors .
JosephStettinius, , Directors .
Herman A.Carstens, , Directors .
Sherman J.Bacon, , Directors .
W. M.Tompkins, , Directors .
John J.Annderson, , Directors .
Marine & Fire Insurance Company ,
Of Rocheport, Mo.Missouri
Are prepared to insure the hulls or cargoes of Steam Boats
or other vessels, from loss, either of sea or river navigation;
merchandise in stores; stores, dwellings or other buildings,
and property, from loss or damage by fire; shipments of
bullion or specie; remittances by mail, etc.
GeorgeKnox, , President .
J. W.Wilson, , Secretary .
GeorgeKnox, , Directors .
C. R.Harris, , Directors .
J. A.Hadwer, , Directors .
JohnWard, , Directors .
WarrenWoodson, , Directors .
WashKnox, , Directors .
O.Parker, , Directors .
C.Peebles, , Directors .
H. L.Boon, , Directors .
The undersigned having been appointed agent for the
company is now prepared to take risks at the customary
15, Front street, St. Louis.
Saint Louis Insurance Company ,
[Chartered in 1836, for 30 years,]
Capital $100,000—privilage $500,000.
Office, corner of Front and Olive streets, up stairs.
G. K.M'Gunnegle, , President .
RobertCollet, , Secretary .
EdwardTracy, , Directors For The Present Year.
B.Clapp, , Directors For The Present Year.
C. P.Billon, , Directors For The Present Year.
N. E.Janney, , Directors For The Present Year.
R.Campbell, , Directors For The Present Year.
SamuelRussell, , Directors For The Present Year.
Wm.WilliamChristy, , Directors For The Present Year.
Christ'R.Rhodes, , Directors For The Present Year.
T.Labeaume, , Directors For The Present Year.
A. G.Farwell, , Directors For The Present Year.
Edwd.Brooks, , Directors For The Present Year.
AdolphusMeier, , Directors For The Present Year.
This Company will insure all descriptions of Marine and
River Risks; Remittances by Mail; Specie or Bullion, by
land or water; and will Insure Buildings from loss or dam-
age by Fire.
They will also insure the lives of Slaves, whhether work-
ing on shore, or on boats navigating the rivers.
This Company will also Insure the Lives of Persons,
generally, and on fair terms.
Persons at a distance desirous of effecting insurance
either on the lives of their Slaves, on their own life, or on
the lives of others, can receive any information relative
thereto, by addressing a line (post-paid) to Rob'T.Collet, ,
Secretary Saint Louis Insurance Company , St. Louis, Mo.Missouri
December 31, 1838.
☞ The customs of Life Insurance being as yet less common than that of
Insurance against Fire, is probably from that cause less understood—for were it
generally as well understood, there can scarce be a doubt but that the practice of
Insuring Lives would become a custom of almost universal adoption; for the
cases are so numerous and various in which its benefits would be felt, that they
could not fail to be appreciated.
A few examples may perhaps place the subject in a clear point of view, and con-
vey a better idea of its advantages.
1st. A married man at the age of 30, being engaged in such a business that a
continuance of his life for seven years would furnish him with a competency,
could readily affford to lay by $100 per annum: this sum invested in a policy on
his life, would secure to his family, in case of his death (within that period), the
sum of $6,900.
2d. Or the same premium of $100, at the same age, (say 30 years,) will secure
to his family, or other heirs, the sum of $7,500, should his life fail in one year.
3d. Suppose a man 30 years of age, the product of whose labor, or business,
enables him to support his family in comfort, but who, on his death, must be left
destiture,—this man could readily lay by $24 80 a year, (which is but little more
than $2 per month,) and by adopting the prudent course of insuring his life, and
paying that sum annually to the office, he from that moment secures $1,000 to his
family whenever he dies, even if his death should occur the next day—and small-
er or larger sums in proportion may be secured.
4th. A man at the age of 20 years by paying $10 35 annually to the office,
will entitle his family to receiv e $500 on his death, whenever that may occur.
5th. A man of 35 years of age, in a public office from which he derived an an-
nual salary of 81,500, which enables him to support his family respectably, but
which at his death must of course cease, and his family left utterly destitute;—if
this man invests $18 in a life insurance, his family will be entitled to $1,000 if he
dies within a year; or if he pays an annual premium of $19 10, his family will be
entitled to $1,000 in case of his death happening within seven years; or by pay-
ing $28 per annum, his family will be entitled to $1,000 whenever his death oc-
curs, be the same sooner or later.
6th. Again, imagine a young man of 18 years of age, who, by the untimely
death of his father, has become the only support of his widowed mother, and a
large family of brothers and sisters; and suppose that this young man by his ex-
ertions is just able to support them, and lay by some trifling sum. If his life is
spared a few years, his younger brothers will then be in a situation to take care of
themselves, and assist their mother and sisters in their turn; but if sudden death
overtakes him, they are all left utterly destitute. Now it is evident, if this young
man pursues the prudent course of investing that trifling sum, (probably not a great
deal more than is spent in cigars, &c.) in an insurance on his life—say the sum of
$27—this will entitle his bereaved family to receive $2,000 on his death, should it
occur within seven years. Now, this is a case in which the family is provided for
to a certainty, whether he lives or dies—if he lives they are provided for by his
exertions—if his life fails, the office provides for them by giving them the $2,000.
Union Insurance Company ,
Capital $100,000—privilege $500,000.
Office the N.W. corner of Main and Vine streets, se-
cond story; entrance second door from the corner on
Main street, nearly opposite the Bank of the State of Mis-
souri. Business hours from 9, A.M., to 1, P.M., and from
3 to 6, P.M.
Jesse G.Lindell, , President .
Julius DeMun, , Secretary .
GeorgeCollier, , Directors .
Robt. A.Barnes, , Directors .
AugustusKerr, , Directors .
Edwd.Walsh, , Directors .
John B.Sarpy, , Directors .
T. L.M'Gill, , Directors .
P.Chouteau, Jr.junior Directors .
Wm.William G.Pettus, , Directors .
Singleton W.Wilson, ,
Counsellor At Law,
Office, No. 22, Olive street,
(Under C. Keemle'S Job Office.)
Grimsley & Young ,
Trunks, Leather, &c.
No. 37, North First Street.
Shipp & Woodbridge ,
Watches, Jewellery, Cutlery,
Guns, Pistols, & Fancy Goods,
No. 119, north First street.
M. & N.H. Stout ,
Plane Manufacturers ,
No. 20, Olive street.
☞ Old Planes Neatly Repaired.
Sparring and Fencing Room,
In the building rear of No. 90, First street.
Will give lessons in Sparring or Fencing, at his room, ev-
ery day, from 8 in the morning, 'till 9 in the evening.
☞ Terms made known at the room.
White, Cobb & Smith ,
Wholesale & Retail Grocers
Also, Sealers in
Drugs, Paints, Oils, Dye-Stuff,
Window Glass, Glass Ware, &c.
No. 91, (2nd floor,) north First street.
Wm.William D.Marrigan, ,
No. 74, Second street,
(A few doors above the Tremont House.)
Respectfully informs the public, that, in consequence of
his expenses being low, he is enabled to work at least
20 per ct. cheaper
Than any person in the city.
Agent For Periodicals,
General Collector .
Office No. 8, north Second street,
Union Steam Mill,
Walsh & Cathcart ,
Central St. Louis.
James R.M'Donald, ,
No. 52, N. First street,
Stock & Exchange
Buys and sells uncurrent Bank Notes, Gold and Silver,
Bank and Insurance Stocks, etc.; also, agent for the mana-
gers of the Missouri State Lottery, for the benefit of the
St. Louis Hospital.
S.H. Mudge & Co.company
Exchange Brokers ,
Corner of Main and Ollbe streets.
Uncurrent Bank Notes Bought.
Drafts Bought And Sold.
J. B.Gibson, ,
(Late Of The Firm Of Crowl & Gibson .)
And Joiner ,
Shop on Third street, a few doors south of St. Louis Theatre.
☞ Plans, specifications and estimates furnished at the
shortest notice, and all business in his line attended to with
neatness and despatch.
China, Glass And Queensware.
Taylor & Holmes ,
Queensware, Glass And China,
No. 34, north Front street.
☞ Orders promptly filled, and every attention paid to
John P.Reily, ,
Loaf and Pilot Bread,
And Biscuit Baker,
No. 50, Elm street.
☞ Families, Boats, and Stores, promptly furnished.
By J. J.M'Clelland, ,
No. 122, north First street.
the choicest Liquors, &c., the market affords.
Andrews & Beakey ,
Manufacturers of, and Dealers in,
Copper, Tin And Sheet-Iron Ware,
No. 27, north First street,
☞ Keep constantly on hand, a general assortment of
every article in their line, warranted to be made of good
materials, and in a durable manner.
Of every description, In Fancy Colors,
Books, Pamphlets, Cards, Checks, Circulars,
Notes, Bills Of Lading, Bills Of Exchange,
Handbills, Showbills, Druggists' Labels.
Book, Job, & Fancy Letter-press
No. 22, Olive Street,
(With A New And Beautiful Plate.)
Constantly on hand, a general assortment of
Justices' and Other Blanks.
☞ Orders for Printing respectfully solicited, which
will be promptly executed, on moderate terms.
St. Louis Directory,
For The Years
The Names Of The Inhabitants, Their Occupations, Num-
Bers Of Their Places Of Business And Dwellings;
Sketch Of The City Of St. Louis;
The Names Of The City, Township, County And State Of-
Ficers, And The Names And Officers Of The Various
Literary, Scientific, Benevolent, Religious and Public
With A Variety Of Other
Printed By C.Keemle, ,
No. 22, Olive, near Main St.street
In presenting to the public the second edition of the
St. Louis Directory, the publisher has the satisfaction of
knowing that it will be found to be much more complete
and accurate than that of 1836-'37. If any errors and
omissions have occurred, they are such as were unavoida-
ble, and for which he claims the indulgence of those who
can best understand the difficulty of a correct compilation
of names and residences. The work, notwithstanding its
inaccuracies, he believes will recommend itself for its gen-
eral usefulness as well to the citizens of St. Louis, as to
casual visiters and strangers.
The attention of advertisers is respectfully called to the
Advertising Directory prefixed to the volume. When it
is remembered that the Directory will not only be widely
circulated through the city, but will be placed in all the
public houses, and in the steam boats which ply to and
fromSt. Louis, and will be of necessity constantly referred
strangers who visit our city on business, the advan-
tages of an advertisement in the Directory must be appa-
The settlement of St. Louis is of a date somewhat re-
mote. The site on which it stands was selected towards
the close of the year 1763, by Mr.Laclede, , for the pur-
pose of establishing a trading post with the Indians of the
Upper Missouri and Mississippi.
On the fifteenth day of February, 1764, Mr.Laclede, ,
in company with several persons whom he had brought
from New Orleans, Ste. Genevieve, Fort Chartres, and
Kahokia, reached the site which he had previously select-
ed, and proceeded to draw the lines of a town which was
called St. Louis, in honor of Louis Xv., the reigning mon-
arch of France, who claimed the whole country then des-
ignated by the name of Louisiana.
The peculiar situation of the town secured it immedi-
ate importance. The year after its settlement, the French
Commandant , St. Ange, , arrived at St. Louis with a body
of troops, and assumed the powers of Government.—
Thenceforward St. Louis was considered the capital of
Louisiana, and continued the permanent seat of govern-
ment of that portion of country until the final transfer to
the United States.
Established on the very outskirts of civilization, in a
wilderness country, and exposed to the incursions of the
fierce tribes of Indians that surrounded them, the inhabi-
tants of St. Louis confined themselves mostly to agricul-
tural pursuits, each inhabitant being the owner, under con-
cession from the government, of a portion of land adjoin-
ing the town. A few of them, however, engaged in com-
merce, carrying on a profitable traffic in furs and peltries
with the Indians of the Mississippi and Missouri, and
supplying ihe town with articles of merchandize drawn
from New Orleans and Mackinaw, which was then a prin-
cipal depot of English trade. In the meantime the town
did not extend beyond the original limits, and there was
no accession to its population beyond the natural increase
among the inhabitants.
After the transfer of Louisiana to the United States, a
tide of emigration from the eastern states began to pour
into the fertile lands west of the Mississippi. The emi-
grants brought with them a spirit of enterprize in com-
merce, mechanics, and agriculture, which gradually began
to develope the great resources of the country, of which
St. Louis was the most important point. About this time,
also, an important change was effected in the means of in-
land navigation. Hitherto all commercial operations, as
far as regards the transportation of merchandize, had been
carried on by means of keel boats and barges, the effect of
which was, to render the intercommunication, between
different points, tardy, expensive, and unsafe. These in-
conveniences were obviated by the invention of steam
boats, the first of which, the General Pike, made its ap-
pearance in the port of St. Louis in the year 1817.
From this period, particularly, we may date the progress
of the improvement of St. Louis. Its limits and popula-
tion were gradually increased in extent and numbers; and,
in fact, the character and appearance of both were chang-
ed. By intermarriages, and by their social intercourse
with the American settlers, the ancient inhabitants, who
were mostly the descendants of the French and Spanish,
imperceptibly adopted the manners, customs and language
of the strangers, and, in a great measure, suffered their
own to fall into disuse. The style and manner of con-
struction, adopted by the ancient inhabitants in their hous-
es, gave way to the more modern architecture, so that
scarcely a single building remains of those which were
erected when St. Louis was under the dominion of France
and Spain. Agriculture was pursued more extensively
and energetically—the mineral wealth of the country was
brought to light; and the different branches of human in-
dustry, successfully carried on, gave activity to a commerce
which must eventually place St. Louis, with its advanta-
ges of location, on an equality, at least, with the fairest
cities of the western country.
St. Louis is situated on the right bank of the Mississippi,
about twenty miles below the mouth of the Missouri river.
It occupies a plain, which rising gently and gradually at an
angle of about two and a half degrees, to a distance of six
hundred yards from the river, terminates in a horizontal
plane, which extends far to the west, north and south.—
The city is built entirely over a substratum of lime stone,
whirh runs from the bed of the river along the whole
eastern front of the city, and for several miles above and
below, back into the interior to as great a distance. This
natural advantage gives solidity and permanency to the
buildings, furnishes inexhaustible quarries for use or em-
bellishment, and affords to the city an unvarying, safe and
commodious harbor and landing place. The wharf, along
the entire fronl of the city, is a hundred and fifty feet wide,
and the most of it is graded and paved.
In a commercial point of view, the location of St. Louis
is peculiarly fortunate. Its vicinity to the confluence of
two great rivers, gives it the command of all the com-
merce of the countries lying on those streams and their
tributaries, and renders it the depot of all the mineral and
agricultural wealth of those regions; in addition to which,
its proximity to the mouth of the Ohio gives it an easy ac-
cess to the whole range of territory lying west of the Al-
"The vast number of buildings which have been erected
last season and this year, have extended the city much be-
vond its chartered limits; and the general pressure in com-
mercial transactions has not in the least retarded the im-
provement of St. Louis. The inducements to build up the
city are as strong as ever, consisting in the continued high
rents, and the great and increasing demand for dwellings,
business houses and offices. Heavy business operations
are driving the retail dealers back from Front and from
Main or First streets, and property in the back streets,
cross streets, and in some of the alleys, is increasing in
value m an unparalleled extent.
Some difference of opinion exists as to the relative beau-
ty and value of the north and south unimproved grounds
adjoining the city. But those who are so fortunate as to
possess either, will speedily derive so much advantage from
this real estate, as to feel no envious emotions with refer-
ence to their fellow-citizens whose interest lies in an oppo-
site extreme. From the point where the most active busi-
ness now centres, the city is extending up and down the
river, and back from its margin, so steadily, and the per-
manence of the structures are such as to give promise of
resulting in the fine finish of one of the most populous and
opulent cities in the Union.
Among the improvements which are going forward in
South St. Louis, is the grading of the principal avenue,
which leads up towards the city from the ferry-landing.This operation is performed by the U.S. hands employed
in quarrying rock for the improvements in the St. Louis
Harbor. A grade is given them for this purpose, which
they are bound to observe in their labors. A county road
has been likewise ordered, to run from the ferry-landing back
into the interior of the county. These preliminary works
are intended to pave the way to those ultimate improve-
ments which will extend the city of St. Louis, at no dis-
tant day, to that high, beautiful tract of country embraced
in South St. Louis, which, about two years ago, was laid
out into avenues, streets, and lots, in anticipation of such
The opinion, however, prevails generally, that the great
manufacturing district of St. Louis will lie south of the
present improved part of the city. This impression arises
from the apparent certainty, that the Iron Mountain rail-
road will terminate, or begin, on the river below, or at the
lower extremity of the city. Thus the raw materials for
manufactures will be thrown into that district, and there
the most convenient point for shipment of such metals as
come from the mineral region in the interior will be ulti-
mately found to exist.
The marble, free-stone and lime-stone of South St. Louis
contribute not only to the advantage of that portion of the
tract which Nature designed to be densely peopled, but
the city already draws largely from that quarter for build-
ing materials. The inexhaustible beds of coal which lie in
the immediate vicinity of St. Louis, are among the great
sources of its wealth, and are the direct means of pros-
The increase of the population of St. Louis proper, with-
in the corporation, from 1830 up to 1837, has been on an
average of 1831 souls per annum. The population of 1837,
within the corporate limits of the city, was 12,040; but,
with the rapid increase since the last census, it is impossible
to conjecture its present amount.
In the year 1822, the inhabitants of St. Louis were cre-
ated a Corporation by the Legislature, under the name of
the ''Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of the City of St.
Louis" This corporation is vested with extensive powers
for the regulation of the municipal concerns of the city, and
under their particular government it has continued to em-
bellish and improve.
The healthiness of the situation of St. Louis will not ad-
mit of a doubt. There are no causes to render it insalubri-
ous; and it is a well ascertained fact, that there has been as
little mortality from diseases in St. Louis, as in any other
place of the same population in the United States.
St. Louis contains eight Churches; two Market-Houses,
a Court-House, an Hospital, two Orphan Asylums, nine
Hotels, (including the St. Louis Hotel, not yet completed,)
four brass and iron Foundries, seven Printing Offices, and
a large number of saw and grist Mills. It also contains a
number of primary Schools, a Nunnery, and an Academy
for the education of females, and a University, conducted
by the Order of the Jesnits. The Market and Court
Houses, and the Catholic Church, are very fine and exten-
sive edifices. The last year has Ijeen signalized by the in-
stitution of two Public Schools in this city, with male and
female departments; and these are kept in substantial
houses erected for this purpose, of sufficient capacity for the
accommodation of 240 pupils. Four preceptors are em-
ployed in conducting these schools.
[Enract from the Missouri Gazetteer.]
"City or St. Louis.—Doctor Beck, , in his Gazetteer
published A.D.1823, describes this city as "a flourishing
post-town." At that period it would, perhaps, have required
the exercise of a poetic imagination to predict the import-
ance that this city has attained in little more than half a
score of years; but now, without the spirit of prophecy,
it may be clearly demonstrated, that St. Louis is destined
to become second to one city only in the great valley, and
probably in the union. A despot, wielding the re-
sources of a great empire, may set his foot on a barren
plain, and say, " Here shall a proud emporium of trade a-
rise!" But, in a country where virtuous human action is as
free as the unrestrained cascade, nature must lay the foun-
dations on which art shall build up imperishable wonders!
Such a foundation as that on which the abiding-place of
the everlasting hills is fixed, St. Louis is based upon. Out
of this solid basis of limestone are quarried the materials
that are piled up to magnify the city and adorn the earth.
Many towns of importance have arisen on ground of lim-
ited dimensions; and places with extraordinary commer-
cial advantages have grown up on the borders of navigable
waters, where additional space has been quarried with in-
finite labour out of the base of mountains. But ample
space for a city of the mammoth dimensions of Babylon
itself extends beyond and around the present limits of the
city of St. Louis. At this place the Creator of heaven and
earth, the Ruler of planets, and the Godlike alchymist, in
his allwise disposition of elements, has spread out space
on which to deposite the products of a country of im-
measurable extent! The three great rivers that makeup
"el Padre de las agtcas"—the father of waters—and pour
out, by prescriptive right, into the storehouse of St. Louis,
the treasures of the surface and of the hidden recesses of
the earth, would make a mighty city in the midst of pas-
sive beings. But, with the inducements now presented,
where temples of commerce, witli their well-supported roof-
trees, sustained by broad Doric basements, and doors held
ajar by clear-sighted ministers of trade for the entrance
of men and things, no estimate can compass the extent of
the wealth that Nature and art will heap up here! When
experience shall have fully tested the hazards of trade in
lower latitudes, true wisdom will point to St. Louis as the
place where the purchase and sale of merchandise, and
the products of the surface and of the bowels of the earth,
or the exchange of these commodities, shall be carried on.
The canvass-clad vehicles of trade from the ocean, and the
fire-eating barks on our rivers, may meet at the confluence
of their buoyant elements, and exchange cargoes, and all
balances can be settled at the mammoth city of the West.
Here salubrity and convenience will invite commerce and
the arts to fix their abode; and here, too, will the opulent,
after the money-making bustle of the morning of life, in
the meridian and in the evening of their days, become
tasteful and munificent. The native marbles of South St.
Louis, Ste. Genevieve, and of Pulaski, on the Osage, will
be speedily introduced by the builders of the city, that
improvement in architecture may keep pace with the un-
exampled accumulation of wealth in St. Louis. To do
justice to St. Louis in a description of its component parts,
natural and artificial, would require more space than can
be appropriated in a gazetteer, in which is traced some
brief notices of every section of a state that classes with
the largest in the union."
The commercial importance which St. Louis has attain-
ed, has naturally created jealousy in the minds of many
who inhabit other growing and busy towns, above this
city, on the great rivers, and in the interior of the coun-
try. The inimitable and oft quoted sentence of Captain
Toby, which Mone puts in his mouth when addressing the
fly that had annoyed the old gentleman, micht here be
Appropriately repeated: "There is room enough in the
world for both thee and me!" Other towns may enter
into energetic and active competition with St. Louis; they
"may flourish, or may fade, "—still this proud city, while
conducting with them a mutually beneficial traffic, will
remain prominent, sustained with the capital, enterprise,
and intelligence, which form a basis only paralleled in sta-
bility by the foundation on which it slands. and the felici-
tous location chosen by its wise and liberal founders.
In casting the eye over the map of the United States and
Territories, it must always forcibly strike the observer,
that the central position of St. Louis gives this eity a pe-
culiar advantage: and it is known, that, when navigation
is open, steam vessels are arriving from, and departing,
daily, to all the cardinal points of the compass. The re-
volution of governments and in commerce have buUt up
and destroyed cities; the vicissitudes of fortune have de-
populated towns and countries; but nothing except the
great convulsions of Nature—earthquakes and hurncanee,
the pestilence and sword—can arrest the advancement of
St. Louis to that enviable consideration, which will class
this city among the great emporiums of commerce which
fill and adorn the pages of the annalist.
If vegetation should fail; if sunshine and rain should
withhold their accustomed offices, and no longer fertilize
the earth; if our mighty rivers—the extent and magnitude
of which are deemed fabulous by millions who have not
beheld them—should cease to flow, then will St. Louis be
arrested in her onward march to greatness,—but not 'till
The latitude of St. Louis is one of the essential advan-
tages of its location. Emigrants from the extreme north-
ern sections of the Union, and from the colder regions of
Europe, may here find a period of the winter season which
shall sufficiently remind them of the climate.in their sever-
al places of nativity, and brace them up for the endurance
of our long summers. The inhabitants of lower latitudes
may likewise repair to this point for business purposes, or
to attain a salubrious location, and secure a temporary or
permanent abode in a genial climate. The mighty march
of improvement, in sweeping over the surface of the civil-
ized sections of the earth, has not exempted the fair regions
which surround us from the impress of the arts and scien-
ces. The cunning contrivances which genius substitutes
for brute force, and which contribute so much to the ad-
vantage of the human family, currently reach us by those
means of communication, which outstrip in speed "the
wild horse's wilder sire!"
Little remains for us to do beyond the ordinary atten-
tion to our vocations, with diligence suited to our cupidity,
or love of independence, and that proportion of public
spirit, the expenditures or sacrifices of which reason should
and will direct.
EdwardBrooks, , Captain .
CharlesKeemle, , Lieutenant .
AsaWilgus, , First Engineer .
HiramAlcKee, , Second Engineer .
Elihu H.Shepard, , Secretary and Treasurer .
Number of feet of Hose, 1700.
B.Scverson, , Captain .
H.Winstandley, , Lieutenant .
SamuelHawkens, , First Engineer .
C.Legarier, , Second Engineer .
JosephRowe, , Secretary .
AugustusGuelberth, , Treasurer .
Number of feet of Hose, 1400.
B. W.Ayres, , Captain .
IsaacMcllose, , Lieutenant .
JohnCam, , Engineer .
J. G.Barry, , Secretary and Treasurer .
Number of feet of Hose, 400.
D. B.Hill, , Captain .
AbrahamAllen, , First Lieutenant .
David F.Goodfellow, , Seco?id Lieutenant .
George W.Rucker, , First Director .
OliverQuinett, , Second Director .
CalvinKeith, , Third Director .
AnthonyBennett, , Fourth Director .
John H.Ferguson, , Secretary and Treasurer .
☞ The names of the streets, and the numbers of the
houses, are given, without the superfluous repetition of
the words street and number.
Fim Ward commences at the southern limits of the city,
and extends north to Elm street.
Second Ward commences at Elm, and extends north to
Third Ward commences at Pine, and extends north to
Fourth Ward commences at Vine, and extends to the
northern limits of the city.
The wards extend east and west, from the Mississippi
river to the western limits of the city.
Containing a list of removals, and new establishments
opened, since the body of the Directory
was written out.
merchant , Chestnut street, bbetween Front and First
and commission merchants , 25, nnorth Front
agents —office over J.C. Dinnies & Co's. book store
—entrance on Olive street.
merchants , No. 26. nnorth Front street
Third and Oak
52, nnorth Front
chants, and wholesale grocers , 59, nnorth Front
founders , 43, nnorth First
staple dry goods, 22, ccorner First and Chesnut
First and Chesnut
scriveners , 49, Market
"Fourth and Fifth
merchants , No. 1, ccorner Front and Market streets
19, nnorth Front
ing merchants , 23, nnorth Front
ers in groceries, wines and liquors, 165, nnorth First
cust and First
70, nnorth First
and white lead, 47, ccorner First and Pine.
and leather, 34, nnorth First
135, nnorth Third
38, nnorth Front
First and Vine.
Third and Morgan
Fifth—rresidence 98, ccorner St. Charles and Fifth
steam boat work, 83, n Front
73, nnorth First
commission merchants , 67, nnorth Front
turers , 82, nnorth First
59, nnorth Firat
mission merchants , 10, ccorner Front and Chestnut
merchants , 33, nnorth Fiont
202, nnorth First
harness, trunks, fee . 37, n First
157, nnorth First
dry goods, &c. 9, nnorth First
ware, &c. 32, Market
ity,) 76, Spruce
rresidence 41, Chestnut
queensware, 6, Chestnut
sion merchants , 68, nnorth First
merchant , 12, nnorth Front
22, Olive—R 27, Olive
tance V.S.A., office basement story, 28, Vine
goods, 1, nnorth cof First and Market
machinery, stoves, &c. 35, nnorth Front
dancing, 65, nnorth Fourth
First and Second
cust and Front
sisters of charity, ccorner Walnut and Third
Fourth and Fifth
Eighth—RFranklin avenue, bbetween Eighth and Ninth
&c. 3 1-2, nnorth Front
merchants , 20 nnorth Front
gars and tobacco, 30, nnorth Front
chants , 72, nnorth Front
fancy goods, 49, ccorner First and Pine
nut [up stairs]
20, nnorth First [up stairs]
No. 152, ssouth Second street
bbetween Front and First
60, ccorner Second and Olive
cond and Vine
chants , 86, ccorner Oak and Front
44, ssouth Front
Avenue, bbetween Third and Fourth
24, ccorner First and Chestnut
smith shop, 5, nnorth Second
Rbbetween Cherry and Franklin Avenue
merchants , 60, nnorth Front
warding merchants , 74, nnorth Front
119, nnorth First
98, nnorth First
471/2, ccorner First and Pine
goods , 7, nnorth First
cond and Prune
way and Cherry—E. Leavy, teacher
merchants , 10, Locust, bbetween Front and First
cond and Third
Second and Third
—R Green, bbetween Seventh and Eighth
50, c First and Pine
15, nnorth Front
china, 34, nnorth Front
132, nnorth First
56 1-2, Market
—R 67, Olive
75, nnorth First
125, ccorner First and Vine
27, ccorner Olive and Front
and clothing , 156, ccorner Laurel and First
R Chesnut, bbetween Fifth and Sixth
84, nnorth First
ware, boots and shoes, 17, nnorth First
Market, 2d floor
der of paints and oils, 33, nnorth Second —R 101, Olive
bbetween Sixth and Seventh
and proprietors —published daily—office 45, nnorth First
street [up stairs.]
prietors —published daily—office ccorner Olive and First
streets, [up stairs.]
proprietors —published daily—office 68, First st.street ,
33, Pine street.
AlphonsoWetmore, , editor —published weekly—of-
fice Shark Alley, bbetween Pine and Olive and First and
Second streets, block 31,
tor —published daily—office ccorner of Locust and First
streets, [up stairs.]
City Of Saint Louis.
EdwardTracy, , President .
Henry VonPhul, , Vice-President .
JohnFord, , Secretary and Treasurer .
Established and recommended for general adoption, when
no agreement exists to the contrary.
|On Sales of Merchandise or Produce,||5|
|On Sales of Lead,||21/2|
|Guarantee of Sales, on Time,||21/2|
|For Purchasing and Shipping Merchandise or Pro-
duce, with Funds in hand, on the aggregate cost
|For Accepting Drafts, or Endorsing Notes, or Bills
of Exchange, without Funds, Produce, or Bills of
Lading in hand,
|For Cash Advances, in all cases, even with Produce
or Bills of Lading, (and interest from date),
|For Shipping to another Market, Produce, or Mer-
chandise, upon which Advances have been made,
|For Negotiating Drafts or Notes, as Drawer or En-
|On Sale or Purchase of Stocks,||1|
|On Sale or Purchase of Boats, without guarantee,||21/2|
|For Procuring Freights, on the amount of freight,||5|
|" Chartering Boats,||21/2|
|" Collecting Freights or Accounts,||21/2|
|" Collecting delayed and litigated Accounts,||5|
|" Collecting Dividends on Stocks,||1/2|
|" Adjusting Insurance losses,||21/2|
|For Receiving and Remitting Moneys from which
no other remuneration is derived,
|" Effecting Insurance, when the premium amounts
to forty dollars, or less,
|" Effecting Insurance, when the premium exceeds
forty dollars on the amount of premium,
|On Outfits and Disbursements,||21/2|
☞ The above Commissions to be exclusive of Storage,
Brokerage, and every other charge actually incurred.
The risk of loss by fire, unless insurance be ordered, and
of robbery, theft, and other unavoidable occurrences, if the
usual care be taken to secure the property, is, in all cases,
to be borne by the proprietors of the goods.
Interest to be charged at the rate of Ten per cent, per
annum on all debts, after maturity, until paid.
For Receiving and Forwarding Goods, exclusive of charges
|Sugar, per hhd.||$00 50|
|Tobacco, per hhd.||50|
|Pork, Beef, and Whiskey, in bbls., per bbl.||10|
|Flour, Beans, Wheat, Beeswax, &c. " "||61/4|
|Corn, Wheat, Salt, &c., per sack.||4|
|Lead, per pig,||2|
|Merchandise, assorted, per 100 lbs.pounds||10|
|Lard, per keg,||4|
|Gunpowder, per keg,||25|
|Carriages, each,||5 00|
|Gigs, "||3 00|
And other articles in proportion.
|On each hogshead of Tobacco,||00 50|
|" " " Sugar,||50|
|" " " Molasses,||75|
|" " " Bacon,||371/2|
|" " " pipe or hhd. Liquor,||50|
|On each hogshead of Oil,||50|
|" " tierce Oil,||371/2|
|" " " Rice or Flaxseed,||25|
|" " bbl. Salt,||8|
|" " bbl. Oil, Molasses, or Foreign Liquors,||121/2|
|" " " Whiskey, Cider, Sugar, Fish, Lard,
Pork or Beef,
|" " Flour, Apples, Bread and Beans,||61/4|
|" " 100 lbs.pounds Bacon, in boxes,||8|
|" " keg of Lard,||3|
|" " box Soap or Candles,||3|
|" " box Wine,||61/4|
|" " box Raisins or drum Figs,||3|
|" " box Window Glass,||5|
|" " half box do||3|
|" " 100 pounds Hempen Yarn,||5|
|" " 100 " Hemp, in bales,||61/4|
|" " 100 " Bale Rope,||5|
|" " piece of Bagging, 50 yds.yards or less, (longer
|" " 100 pounds Cordage, (tarred or white,)||5|
|" " 100 " Salted Hides||61/4|
|" " 100 " Dried do,||10|
|" " crate and cask Queensware (small size,)||25|
|" " do do do (large size,)||371/2|
|" " bag Coffee, Pepper and Pimento,||10|
|On each 100 pounds Iron, Steel, Lead and Shot,||5|
|" " 100 " manufactured Tobacco,||61/4|
|" " 100 " Dry Goods, or other Mer-
chandise, in assorted lots,
|" " baa Salt, (larce size.)||10|
|" " do do (small size,)||61/4|
|" " kee White Lead,||2|
|" " Nails.||5|
|" " ton Dye-wood,||1 00|
|" " hamper Bottles,||181/4|
|" " ream writing and wrapping Paper,||1|
|" " cask Cheese,||8|
|" " 100 pounds Tea,||10|
Other articles in proportion.
For the second and succeeding months, one-half of the
above Rates to be charged. The rule, under the head
"Commissions," respecting fire, robbery, theft, &c. to ap-
ply, also, in the case of Storage.
|Under 150 tons,||10|
|Over 150 " and less than 300 tons,||20|
|Over 300 " and less than 400 tons,||25|
|Over 400 " and upwards,||30|
|St. Louis city, and suburbs,||(taken 1837,)||14,253|
|Bonhomme township,||(taken October, 1836,)||2,271|
|St. Ferdinand township,||do.||3,139|
|St. Louis township,||do.||1,127|
Flour, and Ganger of Domestic Liquors.
Jos. S.Pease, ,
Jos. W.Walsh, .
Louis V.Bogy, ,
M. LewisClark, .
John M.Wimer, .
B. W.Ayres, ,
C. J.Carpenter, M.D.
of St. Louis.
Charles and Fourth streets.]
and Pine streets.]
street and Washington avenue.]
baddie and Soulard streets.
Charity,—[Corner of Walnut and Third streets.]
For the purpose of aiding in the maintenance and educa-
tion of destitute orphan boys, under the care
of the Sisters of Charity.
enue and Green street, block 173.]
Note.—This market is the property of a joint stock
No. 15, south side of Chestnut street, corner of Second.
Wilson P.Hunt, , Postmaster .
☞ Office open on Sundays, for delivery, one hour and
a half—say from half-past 12 'till 2, p.m. On all other
days, from sunrise 'till sunset.
Persons wishing to pay postage on letters to be sent,
can, at any time when the office is shut, envelope the mon-
ey with the letter and drop it in the box, which will in
6 cents for any distance not exceeding 30 miles
10 cents, if over 30 and not exceeding 80 miles
12½ cents, if over 80 and not exceeding 150 miles
18¾ cents, if over 150 and not exceeding 400 miles
25 cents, if over 400 miles.
Double letters are charged double; treble letters, treble;
and quadruple letters, quadruple these rates.
Postage on heavier packages, in proportion.
Not carried over 100 miles, or for any distance within
the State where they are printed, are charged one cent
each. If carried over 100 miles, and out of the State
where they are printed, one and a halt cents each.
Carried not over 100 miles, one cent a sheet
Carried over 100 miles, two cents a sheet.
Those not periodicals, for 100 miles or less, four cents a
sheet. Those not periodicals, over 100 miles, six cents per
No deduction will be made on postage of letters charged
double, treble, or quadruple, unless they are opened in the
presence of the post master, his assistant, or some one be-
longing to the office.
nut and Pine.
street, corner of Oak.
et and Third streets.
Gaty, Coonce & Beltzhoover , Proprietors .
Situated on north First street, first square above the Mis-
Kingslands & Lightner , Proprietors .
Situated on Third street, north of the new market.