WHY DO YOU THINK IT WAS IN FACT THAT VIRGINIA WAS SUCH A LEADER ON THIS RESISTANCE? THIS IS ACROSS THIS, THIS PERIOD, FOUR, FIVE YEARS, GENERALLY, VIRGINIA GIVES THE NAME MASSIVE RESISTANCE TO IT. WRITES LAWS UM… WAS A DETERMINED OPPONENT OF THE BROWN DECISION. WAS THERE SOMETHING IN VIRGINIA'S HISTORY THAT WOULD MAKE SENSE OF THIS?
Well, I would assume that you have the possible reference to the Bird Machine, the Bird Organization, um, it's called the Bird machine. I suppose a lot of people would just call it good organization so far as a political process was concerned. But there is no question about it that uh there was considerable dependence on the political leaders of the time to uh help uh Farmville, uh Frontroyal, uh Norfolk City, a great number of places in the state which were faced uh eventually with the school desegregation problems. And there were schools that were closed all over the state as a result of the legislative uh enacted what is popularly called uh Massive Resistance legislation. But I think that eventually when uh, they had run the, the gamut of litigation, uh it was Governor Almond who said that, well we've got to uh, we've gone as far as we can go, we now need to uh turn the ship around and go in another direction. We've taken it as far as we can go and, and as a result, by the way, his, he was not looked upon with favor subsequent to that decision of his own, with the political powers in the state at, at that time.