Interview with James Bevel
QUESTION 1
JAMES A. DEVINNEY:

1963 was the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation and started the year Governor Wallace pledged Alabama to segregation forever. As you prepared for Birmingham, did those thoughts kind of enter you mind, those other events?

JAMES BEVEL:

Well, it does, but I guess by '63 we were pretty confident that we had developed a science that would allow us to, to eradicate segregation in that it was incongruent, you know, with the basic tenet of our Constitution. So, you know, as I hear that statement, the statement that Wallace made that segregation is forever, we had tested the science of nonviolence in other cities and we knew that it was comparable—incompetent to deal with their problem.