Interview with Herbert Brownell, Jr.
QUESTION 33
INTERVIEWER:

WHAT IF THE FEDERAL SYSTEM [overlap] WOULD THAT HAVE BEEN THE FAILURE OF THE FEDERAL SYSTEM?

Herbert Brownell, Jr.:

If the federal government under President Eisenhower had not intervened at Little Rock I think it would have been a clear signal to the opponents of the Brown decision, uh especially in the Southern states, that all bets were off and they could go on just as they had gone on up to the Brown decision. I think they would have felt that they could that there was not going to be any enforcement of the Brown decision. That they could go ahead with segregated public schools. I say that because uh, the decision of President Eisenhower to intervene in Little Rock was supported by the moderate southern governors. Uh, even the moderates in uh, in Arkansas. And that they would have felt abandoned and let down if he had failed to act and would have been, it would have been then very obvious that in order to uh, be a governor of a Southern state you had to oppose uh, desegregation.